本文由李长栓副教授授权爱思英语发布,转载请注明出处和作者

编者按:爱思英语网推出全新栏目《佳作欣赏》,旨在为各位网友提供互相、探讨、交流的平台。《佳作欣赏》主要设置以下子栏目:英文写作,英汉互译,方法,人生感悟。除英文写作以外,其余子栏目中英文皆可。如果您有好的作品,请向我们推荐。原创优先,转载作品请注明作者及出处。爱思,因你而精彩;爱思,大家的平台!

在线投稿:http://www.24en.com/custom/add.html

OECD中国专项研究词汇表(6)
 
按:2005年,在一次国际会议上,得到几份OECD的中国研究报告,分别是:OECD Economic Surveys: China; China in the Global Economy: Governance in China; China in the World Economy: The Domestic Policy Challenges(这些文件在网上可以找到)。内容共计1500页。由于是外国人谈中国的事,报告中使用的表达方法,对于汉译英有很好的借鉴意义。于是,我分别于2006年和2009年两次组织学生,搜集、整理文件中的表达方法,提供中文翻译,最后得到词条5000条。现在发布到网上,与各位学习英语和翻译的网友分享。由于文件较大,分为20次发布。注意:中文翻译可能不准;我没有逐条核实。
 
domestic claims in local and foreign currencies国内本外币债权
domestic credit国内信用
domestic distribution system国内分拨系统
domestic economic reform国内经济改革
domestic equity国内股票
domestic excise tax国内消费税
domestic firm国内公司
Domestic integration国内一体化
domestic legal persons国内法人
domestic private sector 国内私营部门
domestic public debt国内公共债务
domestic saving国内储蓄
domestic saving rate国内储蓄率
domestically listed国内上市
double taxation双重征税
double-checking复核,双重检查
doubtful loan可疑贷款
down payments首次付款/首付
downturn in export出口滑坡
draft normative act规范性法律草案
draft regulations法规草案
draft the budget 起草预算
draw on their experience借鉴经验
DRC Development Research Center of the State Council国务院发展研究中心
dressing metal mineral products金属矿采选产品
drinking water饮用水
driver of growth增长驱动力
dual economic structure 二元经济结构
dual-track pricing system价格双轨制
due process正当程序
dummy variables虚拟变量
duopoly双头垄断,市场由两家卖主垄断
duplication重复
duplication in industrial capability工业重复建设
duplication of efforts重复建设
durable goods耐用品                    
dynamic cost动态成本
dynamic effects of market opening市场开放的动态效应
dynamic efficiency动态效率
dynamic labour market有活力的劳动力市场
dynamic measurements动态计量
dysfunctional失灵
dysfunctional behaviour反功能行为
dysfunctional managerial and fiscal relations混乱的财管关系
early rice早稻
earmarked for environmental purposes环保专款
armarked grants/special purpose subsidies专项拨款
earmarked revenue专项收入
earmarked transfers专项转拨资金
earn the spread赚取价差
eastern coastal region东部沿海地区
EBF Extra-budgetary funds预算外资金
ECID Economic Crimes Investigation Division经济犯罪调查部
ecnomic intruments经济手段
ecnomic trends and prospects经济走势与前景
eco-environmental experimental stations生态环境实验站
ecological conservation生态保护
e-commerce电子商务
Econometric estimates经济计量评估
econometric evidence经济计量依据
economic activity经济活动
economic actors 经济参与者 
economic and financial indicators经济和金融指标
economic and social costs经济和社会成本
economic and social disparity经济和社会差异
economic crime经济犯罪
economic development objective经济发展目标
economic downturn经济衰退
economic insecurity经济上缺乏保障
economic instruments经济手段
economic meaning经济意义
economic monitoring经济监测
economic performance经济绩效
economic regulatory authority经济监管机构
Economic Technological Development Zone/economic technological development zone/economic technological development zones经济技术开发区
economic transformation经济改革
economic trial court经济审判庭
economically depressed area(s)贫困地区
economies of scale规模经济
economies of scope范畴经济
economies of specialization专业化经济
Economist Intelligence Unit经济学家信息部
economy of scale因经营规模扩大而得到的经济节约,规模经济
economy of scope范畴经济
economy-wide广泛经济层面的,整体经济的
economy-wide data整体经济数据
edible oil import quotas食用油进口配额
edible vegetable oil食用油
education dissemination教育的普及
educational attainment教育程度
educational attainment rate教育普及率
Educational Development and Planning Division教育发展规划司
educational privatization教育私有化
educational products教育产品
Educational Statistic Report教育统计报告
effective exchange rate of the Renminbi人民币有效汇率
effective, efficient and democratic functioning of government民主,高效的政府
efficiency and effectiveness效率和效能
efficiency and effectiveness of public action公共行为的效率和效能
efficiency of public expenditures公共开支的效率
efficiency wage效率工资
(EFQM) European Foundation for Quality Management欧洲质量管理基金会
egalitarianism平等主义
e-government电子政务
(EIA) Environmental Impact Assessment环境影响评价
elasticity弹性
elasticity of demand需求弹性
elective provision选择性条款
electricity distribution配电
electricity generator发电机,发电站
electricity transmission输电
electricity transmission grid输电网
electronic auditing system电子审计系统
electronic currency电子货币
Electronic dissemination of regulatory documents以电子形式普及法规文件
electronic proxy电子代理服务器/电子代理人
electronic transactions电子交易
eletronic commerce电子商务                  
eliminate important discrepancies and gaps between the principal laws and executive regulations消除主要法律与行政法规之间的矛盾和偏差
eliminating contradictions between消除…间的矛盾
elite-based精英基础
Ellison-Glaeser Index指数
embarked on an ambitious...大力着手于
embracing the three pillars of “sustainable development”满足可持续发展的三个条件
emerging market新兴市场
EMEs: emerging market economies新兴市场经济国家
emission/discharge and ambient (quality) standards污染物排放标准和环境质量标准
emissions of polluting gases污染气体排放
empirical经验主义的
employees' conference雇员大会
employee's contribution of 1%职工出1%的费用
employees rehabilitation fees员工再就业费用
Employer’s Liability Insurance雇主责任险               
employer's pension雇主养老金
employment absorption吸收就业
employment rate就业率
employment services就业服务
emulation效法
en route在途中
encouraging environmental associations鼓励环保组织
end user终端用户
endogenous内部的,内生的
end-users of computer software计算机软件最终用户
energy-intensive industries耗能产业
enforcement mechanism强制机制
enforcement personnel执法人员
enforcement system强制系统
engineering progress工程进展
enhance the impact of these policies增强这些政策的作用
enhancing environmental awareness提高环境意识
enhancing market supervision加强市场监管
enlargement of the post-graduate level of higher education研究生扩招
enrolment rates入学率
ensuing下一个/接踵而至的
enter bankruptcy proceedings进入破产程序
enterprise企业
enterprise debt loads企业债务
enterprise exit/exit of enterprises企业被市场淘汰
enterprise financial positions企业财务状况
enterprise governance企业管理
enterprise income tax企业所得税
enterprise ownership type企业所有制类型
enterprise ownership types企业所有制形式
enterprise reporting企业报表
enterprise sector企业界
enterprise segment企业部门单元
enterprise’s profitability 企业效益
enterprises with financial difficulty有财务困难的公司
entity实体
entry barriers进入壁垒
entry points切入点
Envirionmental Protection Commission环境保护委员会
environmental administrative institutions环境管理机构
environmental auditing环境审核
environmental compliance履行环境法
environmental expenditure环境保护费
environmental governance环境治理
environmental governance structures环境治理结构
EIA Environmental Impact Assessment Act环境影响评价法
environmental improvement改善环境
environmental laws and regulations环保法律法规
environmental non-government groups民间环保组织/非政府环保组织
environmental planning环境规划
environmental policy-making环境决策
environmental protection authorities环保部门
Environmental Protection Commission/Environmental Protection Committees环保委员会
Environmental Protection Law环境保护法
Environmental Protection Law of the People's Republic of China中华人民共和国环境保护法
environmental protection units环保单位
environmental quality status环境质量现状
environmental regulatory framework环境监管框架
environmental standard环境标准
environmental targets and indicators环境目标和指标
environmentally-related Web sites与环境有关的网站
EPB Environmental Protection Bureau(英国)国家环境保护总局
equality before the law (treating like cases alike)法律面前人人平等,即对同类案件应同等处理
equalize tax burdens平等税赋
equity公司普通股
equity advantage权益优势
equity capital股权资本
equity financing产权筹资
equity funds股权基金
equity investment股票投资
equity market股场
equity market股票
equity markets产权投资市场
equity participation资本参与,参股
equity price股价
equity shareholder普通股股东/普通股持有者
established mechanisms现有机制
et al.以及其它,等人
ethical behaviour道德行为
Eurostat Statistical Office of the European Communities欧盟统计办公室              
evaluation of financing situation融资状况评估
Everbright Bank of China中国光大银行
Everbright Securities光大证券
ex ante事前
ex ante licensing“事前”许可
ex post事后
ex post control“事后”控制
ex post evaluation前后期评估
ex post evaluation事后评价
ex post inspection事后检查
ex post remedy事后的补救措施
examiners监管员,审查者
excess deposits超额存款
excess industril capacities生产过剩
excess inventories库存积压
excess labour过剩劳动力
excessive cash dividends过多的现金股利
excessive development发展过热
excessive number超额
excessive vertical integration过度垂直整合
excessive working time超长工时
exchange of foreign currencies and notes代理外币及外汇票据兑换
exchange rate汇率,兑换率
exchange rate parity汇率平价
exchange rate regime汇率制度
exchange rate risk汇率风险
excisable goods应税商品
excisable products可征税产品
excise tax特许权税
exclusionary boycotts排斥联合抵制
exclusionary practices排斥的做法
exclusive dealing专营交易
executing institutions执行机构
executing resolution行政决议
executive regulations执行规则
exercise ownership rights履行出资人职责
exercise the power of行使权力
ex-factory price ceilings工厂交货价格上限
existing legislation现行立法
exit mechanism推出机制
expansion迅速增容
expansionary fiscal policy扩张性财政政策
expansionary macroeconomic policy扩张型宏观经济政策
expansionary monetary policy扩张的货币政策
expenditure approach支出法
expenditure approach GDP以支出为核算方法的GDP
expenditure assignments开支安排
expenditure assignments 支出拨款
expenditure composition 开支构成