IELTS topic about "Capital Punishment"
Writing task 2
by Mr. Jenn Lee Hsieh
About death penalty, two extreme cases may be made. One is made on the need to see justice done. The second is based on humane love. Most people nowadays, it seems, stand somewhere in between.
The rejection of capital punishment is actively voiced by mostly human rights and religious sectors. For them, it is not acceptable to execute a person, the practice being the old-fashioned principle of "an eye for an eye." It is argued that death penalty alone does little to prevent crimes from taking place. As an alternative, "life without parole" is recommended. In other words, capital punishment is simply out of date. This view appears to have been gaining votes around the world. As of now, more than 60 percent of countries and states, including the European Union, have ruled out the practice.
The defense of capital punishment has a different story. Death penalty has historically been practiced in virtually every society, serving as a real deterrance to serious crimes. The logic is obvious. It removes the worst criminals from society and should prove much safer for the rest of society. It is also self-evident that dead criminals cannot commit further crimes, either within prisons, or after breaking jail, or after being set free. The execution makes economic sense as well, and the sooner the better, because of huge cost involved in long keeping dangerous criminals behind bars.
In consideration of the controversy, death penalty can only be viewed as a "necessary evil." In the name of justice, execution must sometimes apply, although in a different manner and with a careful and fair trial. Thus, once convicted, horrible killers, series rapers, and other big-time evil-doers trapped in drug trafficking and organized crimes, do not deserve a prolonged life. It is, nevertheless, always advisable to distinguish really dreadful crimes and those crimes, while still homecide, are much more understandable.