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nounce, nunci

源自拉丁文nuntiare, report(报告), claim(声称), relate(叙述)。

nuntius, messenger 信使

【印欧字根 *neu-, to shout 呼叫】


announce [E5naJns]  vt. 宣布,宣告;通知

an- (=ad-), intensive prefix 加强词意 -nounce, to report 报告 宣告}

* Have they announced when the race will begin?  他们宣布比赛什么时候开始了吗?

* Please announce to the children that there will be no school this afternoon.  请通知孩子们今天下午不上课。

annunciate [ə'nʌnʃieit, -si-]  vt. 告示;通告【an-, ad- + nunci- + -ate, v. suf.

nuncio ['nʌnʃiəu]  n. 罗马教廷大使【nunci- + -o, noun ending

internuncio [,intə'nʌnʃiəu]  n. 使者;教廷公使;信使;中间人【inter-, between + nunci- + -o

nunciature ['nʌnsiətʃə, -ʃiə-]  n. 罗马教皇使节的职位或任期【nunci- + -ature (= -ate + -ure)

 

announcement [E5naJnsmEnt]  n. 通告,宣告

-ment, action, process名词字尾,表「行为或过程」}

* An announcement will be made next week.  下周将有一个通告发布。

 

pronounce [prE5nauns]  v. 发音;宣布,宣称

pro-,before, forth 在~前,向前 -nounce, to report 报告}

* She is the student who pronounces best in the class.  她是班上发音最好的学生。(vi.)

* He pronounced that we were fired.  他宣布我们被解雇了。(vt.)

 

pronunciation [prE7nQnsI5eFEn]  n. 发音,读法

pro-, before 在~前 -nunci, to relate -ation, action 名词字尾,表行动

* American English differs from British English in pronunciation.  美式英语和英式英语在发音上有差别。

 

denounce [dI5naJns]  vt. 公开指责;揭发,告发

de-, reduce 降低 -nounce, to report 报告}

* The minister’s action was denounced in the newspaper.  部长的行为受到报界的指责。

* They denounced him to the police as a thief.  他们向警方告发他是窃贼。

 

enunciate [I5nQnsI7et]  vt. 发表;(清晰地)发音

e-(= ex-), out 出来 -nunci-, to relate -ate, to make 动词字尾,表「使~」}

* to enunciate views  发表见解

* She enunciated each word slowly for her students.  她给学生一字一顿地读出每个字。

 

enunciation [I9nQnsI`eFEn]  n. 阐明,发表

-ation, action or process 名词字尾,表「行为或过程」}

* His enunciation on the subject of politics made the authorities angry. 他对政治问题发表意见令当局不快。

 

renounce [rI5naJns]  vt. 正式放弃

re-, against 相反 -nounce, to relate 说}

* From this moment I renounce your friendship.  从现在起,我和你绝交。

 

renunciation [rI7nQnsI5eFEn]  n. 放弃

-ation (= -ate + -ion), action 名词字尾,表「行为」}

* He made a renunciation of his chairmanship.  他声明放弃会长一职。