你是NBA的铁杆粉丝吗? 自测一下NBA术语知多少Air ball: Sarcastic term to describe a shot that doesn't touch the rim.
Alley-oop pass: A pass thrown to a player who is running toward the basket. The second player leaps, catches the ball in midair, and dunks it or lays it in before he lands.
Assist: A pass that leads directly to a basket.
Backcourt: A team's defensive half of the court. As it refers to players, a team's guards.
Backdoor play: A fundamental basketball play in which one player passes to a teammate in the high post, and when the defenders follow the ball, another player cuts to the basket from the opposite side of the court to take a pass for an open shot.
Bank shot: A shot that is aimed at a spot on the backboard so that it caroms, or "banks," into the basket
Baseline: The line at each end of the court, under each basket. Also: endline.
Bounce pass: A pass thrown by a player to a teammate that bounces on the floor.
Box out: Use your body to stay between an opponent and the basket and thus get into better position for a rebound.
Brick: A hard, errant shot that caroms wildly off the basket or backboard.
Bunny: An open, uncontested shot, usually a layup or dunk. Also: snowbird.
Bury: Sink (a shot), as in "bury a jumper."
Charging: A violation in which an offensive player runs into a stationary opponent.
Chucker: A player who never met a shot he didn't like.
Coast-to-coast: From one end of the court to the other.
Collective Bargaining Agreement: The agreement between the NBA and the Players Association that governs all terms and conditions of employment of NBA players by NBA teams.
NBA劳资协议（collective bargaining agreement)：NBA和球员协会签订的协议，包括了所有的NBA球队中的NBA球员雇佣的条约和条件。
Cut: A quick move by an offensive player, usually toward the basket, to get in position for a shot.
Dead-ball foul: A foul committed while the clock is stopped and the ball is not in play.
Deny the ball: Prevent an opponent from getting the ball by guarding him closely and staying between him and the player in possession of the ball.
绕前防守（deny the ball):球员得球时防止对手通过近身防守得球或挡在他中间。
Double dribble: A violation in which a player dribbles the ball, stops, then begins to dribble again.
Double-team: The defensive tactic of two players guarding one.
Downtown: Far from the basket, often synonymous with beyond the three-point arc.
Draft: The annual selection process by which NBA teams select players from the colleges and elsewhere.
Dribble: Bounce the ball.
Dunk: A shot thrown downward through the basket, with one or two hands. Also: slam, slam-dunk, jam
Fast break: A play in which a team gains possession and then pushes the ball downcourt quickly, hoping to get a good shot off before the other team has a chance to get back and set up on defense.
Field goal: A basket, worth either two or three points, depending on whether it was taken from inside or outside the three-point line (set at 22 feet from the basket).
Flagrant foul: Unnecessary and/or excessive contact committed against an opponent.
Foul: A violation. Usually, illegal contact between two players.
Foul trouble: When a player is nearing the limit for personal fouls before he is ejected from the game, or a team is nearing the limit in each period after which all fouls become shooting fouls.
Free agent: A player not under contract to any NBA team because his contract has expired or was terminated by his team in accordance with NBA waiver procedures, or because he was eligible for an NBA Draft and was never signed to an NBA contract.
Free throw: An uncontested shot from 15 feet, worth one point. A player who is fouled while in the act of shooting receives two free throws. Also: foul shot.
罚球（free throw，foul shot）：距篮筐15英尺的无竞争的投篮，值一分。当球员阻止二分投篮时会被l两次罚球。
Frontcourt: A team's offensive half of the court. As it refers to players, a team's center and forwards.