1. The first known setters of Britain were the Iberians. More dramatic monuments were the henges, the most important of which was Stonehenge in Wiltshire.
  2. The Celts may originally have come from eastern and central Europe, they came to Britain in three main waves: the first wave was the Gaels, the second was Britons and the third was Belgae.
  3. Julius Caesar, the great roman general, invaded Britain for the first time in 55BC. For nearly 400 years, Britain was under roman occupation.
  4. The roman built two great walls to keep the Picts. There were the Hadrian’s wall running from Carlisle to Newcastle, and the Antonine wall linking the estuaries of the Forth and the Clyde.
  5. The Romans made use of Britain’s natural resources, mining lead, iron and tin and manufacturing pottery.
  6. In the mid-5th century a new wave of invaders, Jutes, Saxons, and Angles came to Britain, they were three Teutonic tribes.
  7. These seven principal kingdoms of Kent, Essex, Sussex, Essex, East Anglia, Mercia and Northumbria have given the name of Heptarch.
  8. At the beginning of ninth century, under their king Egbert the West Saxons of defeated the Mercies. In 89, Egbert became an overlord of all the England.
  9. In 597, pope Gregory I sent st.Augustine to England to convert the heathen English to Christianity. Augustine was remarkably successfully in converting the king and the nobility.
  10. Alferd, king of Wessex, was strong enough to defeat the Danes. He is known as the “father of Britain navy”.
  11. When Ethebred’s death left no strong Saxon successor, the Witan chose Canute the Danish leader, as king in 1016.
  12. King Edward seemed more concerned with building Westminster Abbey than with affairs of state. He was far more Norman than Saxon.
  13. Anglo-Saxon England perished with Harold’s death. William was crowned king of England in Westminster Abbey by the Archbishop of York.
  14. The Norman conquest of England is perhaps the best-known event in English history. Under William, the feudal system in England was completely established.