国新办今年前三季度国民经济情况发布会
中华人民共和国国家统计局新闻发言人  盛来运
2010年10月21日

National Economy Showed Good Momentum of Development in the First Three Quarters of 2010
Mr. Sheng Laiyun, Deputy Director-general of the Department of Comprehensive Statistics
October 21, 2010

女士们、先生们,各位媒体朋友们,大家上午好!非常高兴来发布前三季度国民经济运行情况,先向大家发布前三季度国民经济运行的主要指标数据,然后很高兴回答大家的问题。前三季度,面对复杂多变的国内外环境和各种重大挑战,在党中央、国务院的正确领导下,各地区、各部门坚持实施应对国际金融危机冲击的一揽子计划和各项政策措施,加快推进经济发展方式转变和经济结构调整,经济向好势头进一步巩固,继续朝着宏观调控的预期方向发展。

In the first three quarters of 2010, faced with the complicated and volatiledomestic and international environment and various grand challenges, under the correct leadership of the Central Party Committee and the State Council, all regions and departments consistently carried out the packages of policies dealing with the impacts of international financial crisis and other policies and measures, and proactively pushed forward the transformation of economic development mode and the adjustment of economic structures. As a result, the good developing momentum of economy was further consolidated, and the national economy kept moving towards the expected direction of macroeconomic control.

初步测算,前三季度国内生产总值268660亿元,按可比价格计算,同比增长10.6%,比上年同期加快2.5个百分点。分季度看,一季度增长11.9%,二季度增长10.3%,三季度增长9.6%。分产业看,第一产业增加值25600亿元,增长4.0%;第二产业增加值129325亿元,增长12.6%;第三产业增加值113735亿元,增长9.5%。

According to the preliminary estimation, the gross domestic product (GDP) of China in the first three quarters of this year was 26,866.0 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 10.6 percent, which was 2.5 percentage points higher than that in the same period last year. In terms of growth by quarters, it was up 11.9 percent for the first quarter, 10.3 percent for the second and 9.6 percent for the third quarter. The value added of the primary industry was 2,560.0 billion yuan, up by 4.0 percent; that of the secondary industry was 12,932.5 billion yuan, up by 12.6 percent; and that of the tertiaryindustry was 11,373.5 billion yuan, up by 9.5 percent.

1.农业生产形势较好,秋粮预计增产较多。全年粮食产量有望再获丰收。前三季度,猪牛羊禽肉产量5439万吨,同比增长2.6%,其中猪肉产量3589万吨,增长2.7%。

The situation of agricultural production was good and a dramatic increase is expected for the output of autumn grain. The output of grain for the whole year is expected to have another bumperharvest. In the first three quarters of this year, the total output of pork, beef and mutton reached 54.39 million tons, a year-on-year growth of 2.6 percent. The output of pork reached 35.89 million tons, up by 2.7 percent.

2.工业生产较快增长,企业效益大幅提高。前三季度,全国规模以上工业增加值同比增长16.3%,增速比上年同期加快7.6个百分点。分季度看,一季度增长19.6%,二季度增长15.9%,三季度增长13.5%。前三季度,分登记注册类型看,国有及国有控股企业增长15.1%,集体企业增长9.4%,股份制企业增长17.3%,外商及港澳台商投资企业增长15.8%。分轻重工业看,重工业增长17.5%,轻工业增长13.6%。分行业看,39个大类行业中38个行业实现同比增长。分地区看,东部地区增长15.6%,中部地区增长18.9%,西部地区增长15.6%。工业产销衔接状况良好,前三季度工业产品销售率为97.8%,比上年同期提高0.4个百分点。

Industrial production picked up quickly with a substantial increase in economic efficiency of enterprises. In the first three quarters of this year, the total value added of the industrial enterprises above designated size was up by 16.3 percent year-on-year, or 7.6 percentage points higher than that in the first three quarters of 2009. In terms of growth by quarters, it was up 19.6 percent for the first quarter, 15.9 percent for the second and 13.5 percent for the third. An analysis on different types of enterprises showed that the value added growth of the state-owned and state holding enterprises went up by 15.1 percent; collective enterprises by 9.4 percent; share-holding enterprises by 17.3 percent; and 15.8 percent growth for enterprises funded by foreign investors or investors from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan provinces. The year-on-year growth of heavy industry was 17.5 percent, and 13.6 percent for the light industry. Among 39 industrial divisions, 38 of them registered year-on-year growth. In terms of different areas, the growth in eastern, central and western regions was 15.6 percent, 18.9 percent and 15.6 percent respectively. The production and sales of industrial products went on well. In the first three quarters of this year, the sales ratio of industrial products was 97.8 percent, or 0.4 percentage point higher than that in the previous year.

1-8月份,全国规模以上工业企业实现利润26005亿元,同比增长55%。在39个大类行业中,36个行业利润同比增长,1个行业由亏转盈,2个行业利润同比下降。

In the first eight months of this year, the profits made by industrial enterprises above designated size stood at 2,600.5 billion yuan, up by 55 percent year-on-year. Among the 39 industrial divisions, 36 divisions registered year-on-year increase in profits, 1 division reversed from loss-making to profits, and the rest 2 divisions witnessed reduction of profits.

3.固定资产投资增长较快,投资结构有所改善。前三季度,全社会固定资产投资192228亿元,同比增长24.0%。其中,城镇固定资产投资165870亿元,增长24.5%;农村固定资产投资26358亿元,增长20.5%。在城镇固定资产投资中,第一产业投资增长17.7%,第二产业投资增长22.0%,第三产业投资增长26.7%。分地区看,东部地区投资增长21.5%,中部地区增长27.1%,西部地区增长26.5%。前三季度,房地产开发投资33511亿元,增长36.4%。

Investment in fixed assets enjoyed fast growth with improved investment structure. In the first three quarters of this year, the investment in fixed assets of the country was 19,222.8 billion yuan, a year-on-year growth of 24.0 percent. Of this total, the investment in urban areas reached 16,587.0 billion yuan, up by 24.5 percent while that in rural areas was 2,635.8 billion yuan, up by 20.5 percent. Of the total investment in fixed assets in urban areas, that in the primary industry, the secondary industry and the tertiary industry went up by 17.7 percent, 22.0 percent and 26.7 percent respectively. The investment in eastern, central and western regions grew by 21.5 percent, 27.1 percent and 26.5 percent respectively. In the first three quarters of this year, the investment in real estate development was 3,351.1 billion yuan, up by 36.4 percent year-on-year.

4.消费品市场平稳较快增长,热点商品持续旺销。前三季度,社会消费品零售总额111029亿元,同比增长18.3%。按经营单位所在地分,城镇消费品零售额95987亿元,增长18.7%;乡村消费品零售额15041亿元,增长15.8%。按消费形态分,餐饮收入12632亿元,增长17.6%;商品零售98397亿元,增长18.4%。其中,限额以上企业(单位)商品零售额40945亿元,增长29.3%。热点消费快速增长。其中,汽车类增长34.9%,家具类增长38.4%,家用电器和音像器材类增长28.1%。

Sales on domestic markets enjoyed steady and fast growth and the popular commodities maintained high sales. In the first three quarters of this year, the total retail sales of consumer goods reached 11,102.9 billion yuan, a year-on-year rise of 18.3 percent. The retail sales in cities reached 9,598.7 billion yuan, up by 18.7 percent, and the retail sales in rural areas stood at 1,504.1 billion yuan, up by 15.8 percent. Grouped by consumption patterns, the income of catering industry was 1,263.2 billion yuan, up by 17.6 percent; that of retail sales of commodities, 9,839.7 billion yuan, up by 18.4 percent. In particular, the retail sales by businesses above designated size reached 4,094.5 billion yuan, up by 29.3 percent. Rapid growth was registered in emerging areas for consumption: the sales of motor vehicles rose by 34.9 percent; that of furniture went up by 38.4 percent, and that of household appliances and audio-video equipment grew by 28.1 percent.

5.居民消费价格温和上涨,工业品出厂价格涨势趋稳。前三季度,居民消费价格同比上涨2.9%。其中,城市上涨2.8%,农村上涨3.1%。分类别看,八大类商品五涨三落:食品上涨6.1%,烟酒及用品上涨1.6%,医疗保健和个人用品上涨2.9%,娱乐教育文化用品及服务上涨0.6%,居住上涨4.1%;衣着下降1.1%,家庭设备用品及维修服务下降0.3%,交通和通信下降0.3%。9月份居民消费价格同比上涨3.6%,环比上涨0.6%。前三季度,工业品出厂价格同比上涨5.5%。9月份工业品出厂价格同比上涨4.3%,环比上涨0.6%。前三季度,原材料、燃料、动力购进价格同比上涨9.8%。

The consumer prices went up mildly and the increase of producer prices for manufactured goods became steady. In the first three quarters of this year, the consumer prices went up by 2.9 percent year-on-year. The price rose by 2.8 percent in cities and that in rural areas by 3.1 percent. Grouped by commodity categories, five out of the eight witnessed growth and the rest three saw drops in prices. The prices for food rose by 6.1 percent; prices for tobacco, liquorand articles up by 1.6 percent; health care and personal articles up by 2.9 percent; recreation, education, culture articles and services up by 0.6 percent; and housing up by 4.1 percent while prices for clothing down by 1.1 percent; household facilities, articles and maintenance services down by 0.3 percent; and transportation and communication down by 0.3 percent. In September this year, the consumer prices grew by 3.6 percent year-on-year and 0.6 percent month-on-month. In the first three quarters of this year, the producer prices for manufactured goods went up by 5.5 percent year-on-year. The year-on-year change in September was up by 4.3 percent and the month-on-month change was up by 0.6 percent. In the first three quarters of the year, the year-on-year growth of purchasing prices for raw materials, fuels and power was 9.8 percent.

6.对外贸易增长较快,贸易顺差有所减少。前三季度,进出口总额21487亿美元,同比增长37.9%。其中,出口11346亿美元,增长34.0%;进口10140亿美元,增长42.4%。进出口相抵,顺差1206亿美元,同比减少149亿美元。

Foreign trade grew rapidly and trade surpluswas reduced to some extent. The total value of imports and exports for the first three quarters of this year was US$ 2,148.7 billion, up by 37.9 percent year-on-year. The value of exports was US$ 1,134.6 billion, up by 34.0 percent, and the value of imports was US$ 1,014.0 billion, up by 42.4 percent. The trade surplus was US$ 120.6 billion, a decline of US$ 14.9 billion over the same period last year.

7.城乡居民收入继续增长,农村居民收入增速快于城镇。前三季度,城镇居民家庭人均总收入15756元。其中,城镇居民人均可支配收入14334元,同比增长10.5%,扣除价格因素,实际增长7.5%。在城镇居民家庭人均总收入中,工资性收入增长10.1%,转移性收入增长12.5%,经营净收入增长9.9%,财产性收入增长18.5%。农村居民人均现金收入4869元,增长13.1%,扣除价格因素,实际增长9.7%。其中,工资性收入增长18.7%,家庭经营收入增长8.7%,财产性收入增长19.4%,转移性收入增长17.2%。前三季度,扣除价格因素,城镇居民人均消费性支出实际增长6.3%,农村居民人均生活消费现金支出实际增长7.3%。

The urban and rural population's income continued to grow with higher growth for rural population than that for urban population. In the first three quarters of this year, the per capita total income of urban households was 15,756 yuan. Of this total, the per capita disposable income of urban population was 14,334 yuan, a year-on-year growth of 10.5 percent, or a real growth of 7.5 percent after deducting price factors. Of the per capita total income of urban households, the year-on-year growth of wage income was 10.1 percent; transferred income 12.5 percent; net income from business operation 9.9 percent; and 18.5 percent from property income. The per capita cash income of rural population was 4,869 yuan, up by 13.1 percent year-on-year, or 9.7 percent growth in real terms. Of this total, the growth of wage income was 18.7 percent; household business operating income 8.7 percent; property income 19.4 percent; and 17.2 percent from transferred income. In the first three quarters of this year, the per capita consumption expenditurefor urban population increased by 6.3 percent in real terms and the per capita consumption expenditure in cash for rural population grew by 7.3 percent after deducting the price factor.

8.货币供应量基本稳定,人民币存贷款余额同比增量有所减少。9月末,广义货币供应量(M2)余额69.6万亿元,同比增长19.0%;狭义货币供应量(M1)余额24.4万亿元,增长20.9%;流通中货币(M0)余额4.2万亿元,增长13.8%。金融机构人民币各项贷款余额46.3万亿元,比年初增加6.3万亿元,同比少增2.4万亿元;人民币各项存款余额比年初增加10.3万亿元,同比少增1.4万亿元。

The money supply was basically stable with the incrementaloutstanding loans and deposits declined slightly as compared with that a year ago. By the end of September, the balance of broad money (M2) was 69.6 trillion yuan, a year-on-year growth of 19.0 percent; the balance of narrow money (M1) was 24.4 trillion yuan, a rise of 20.9 percent; and the balance of cash in circulation (M0) was 4.2 trillion yuan, up by 13.8 percent. The amount of outstanding loans of all financial institutions was 46.3 trillion yuan, increased by 6.3 trillion yuan over that at the beginning of this year, or a drop of 2.4 trillion yuan as compared with the end of September last year. The amount of outstanding deposits of all financial institutions was increased by 10.3 trillion yuan over the beginning of the year, or 1.4 trillion yuan less than that a year ago.

下一阶段,要坚持以科学发展观为指导,坚决贯彻落实党中央、国务院关于经济工作的各项决策部署,保持宏观经济政策的连续性和稳定性,增强针对性和灵活性,把握好政策实施的力度、节奏和重点,着力转变经济发展方式,着力调整经济结构,着力深化改革开放,着力保障改善民生,保持经济平稳较快发展。

In the coming period, we should be guided by the scientific outlook on development, implement various policies set by the Central Party Committee and the State Council, maintain the continuity and stability of macroeconomic policies, and improve the relevanceand flexibility of the policies. In implementing the policies, we should apply the proper strength, pace and focus on the priorities, vigorously promote the transformation of economic development mode and the adjustment of economic structures, make great efforts to intensify the reform and opening up, attach great importance to the improvement of people's livelihood and achieve a sound and fast economic and social development.

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