The UK has a well-respected higher education system and some of the top universities and research institutions in the world. But to those who are new to it all, it can be overwhelming and sometimes confusing.
October is usually the busiest month in the academic calendar. Universities have something called Freshers' Week for their newcomers. It's a great opportunity to make new friends, join lots of clubs and settle into university life.
However, having just left the comfort of home and all your friends behind, the prospect of meeting lots of strangers in big halls can be nerve-wracking. Where do you start? Who should you make friends with? Which clubs should you join?
Luckily, there will be thousands of others in the same boat as you worrying about starting their university social life on the right foot. So just take it all in slowly. Don't rush into anything that you'll regret for the next three years.
1. D room services
2. D air tickets, local transport and all meals
3. A The traveller is reluctant to buy travel insurance
4. C Mark doesn’t know the exact number of the delegates yet
5. A the arrival time of the guest speakers
6. B two
7. D an airline company
8. C her laptop
9. C in her client’s office
10. D the check book inside bore her name
11. D the Arts ans Science program
12. B Thirty thousand dollars
13. A federal loans
14. D Australia
15. D take children to watch sports events
16. B spend more time with chidren
17. C Australia
18. B infected children and women
19. D it has worked in five countries till now
20. A the importance of government support
21. C a 23-year-old woman
22. B two months later
23. A all parties have agreed upon it
24. D the end of 2011
25. C the prison authorities
26. A to be imprisoned and fined
27. B public use of the beach
28. A The airport was shut down for Friday
29. C 21
30. A The rescue operation involved many people
31 B in other words
34 D upon
35 B combined
37 D or
38 B associations
40 D and
41 B recall
43 B increases.
44 D powerfully
47 B words.
48 D by
How men first learned to invent words is unknown; in other words, the origin of language is a mystery. All we really know is that men, unlike animals, somehow invented certain sounds to express thoughts and feelings, actions and things, so that they could communicate with each other; and that later they agreed upon certain signs, called letters, which could be combined to represent those sounds, and which could be written down. Those sounds, whether spoken, or written in letters we call words.
The power of words, then, lies in their associations — the things they bring up before our minds. Words become filled with meaning for us by experience; and the longer we live, the more certain words recall to us the glad and sad events of our past; and the more we read and learn, the more the number of words that mean something to us increases.
Great writers are those who not only have great thoughts but also express these thoughts in words which appeal powerfully to our minds and feelings. This charming and telling use of words is what we call literary style. Above all, the real poet is a master of words. He can convey his meaning in words which sing like music, and which by their position and association can move men to tears. We should therefore learn to choose our words carefully and use them accurately, or they will make our speech silly and rude.
51. D Her Eyes were red from excessive reading
52. A must have gone
53. D strong enough
54. C what
55. B as
56. C Each they have bought the same book.
57. B does he
58. D and
59. C he
60. A hand in
61. D the subject
62. C Many his friends came to the party.
63. A The directors appointed John manager.
64. D yet
65. B not being tall
66. B conflict
67. A about
68. C particpants
69. B bitter
70. D decisive
71. A lately
72. C stagnant
73. B restrain
74. D touches
75. A indulgence
76. C accordingly
77. B very near
78. D make out
79. A generous
80. C scrambled
81. B more than one aspect
82. A it gives the scientist confidence and pleasure in work
83. A easily believe in unchecked statements
84. C scientists’s way of thinking and acting
85. B objective
86. A Latin Amercia has long received attention
87. D on a plain
88. C clearer
89. B the emergence of the internet
90. D optimistic
91. B trivial
92. D in the same paragraph
93. D generosity
94. C remember others’ words
95. C forgetting details of memorable events
96. D family members and guests
97. C men and women in near Eastern societies
98. A the type of food
99. D social status
100. D culture and manners of eating
What is the nature of the scientific attitude, the attitude of the man or woman who studies and applies physics, chemistry, geology, engineering, medical or any other science?
We all know that science plays an important role in the societies in which we live. Many people believe, however, that our progress depends on two different aspects of science. The first of these is the application of the machines and products that scientists and technologists develop. New drugs, faster and safer means of transport, new systems of applied knowledge are some examples of this aspect of science.
The second aspect is the application of the special methods of thought and action that scientists use in their work.
What are these special methods of thinking and acting? First of all, it seems that a successful scientist is full of curiosity — he wants to find out how and why the universe works. He usually directs his attention towards problems which he notices have no satisfactory explanation, and his curiosity makes him look for underlying relationships even if the data available seem to be unconnected. Moreover, he thinks he can improve the existing conditions, whether of pure or applied knowledge, and enjoys trying to solve the problems which this involves.
He is a good observer, accurate, patient and objective and applies persistent and logical thought to the observations he makes. He utilizes the facts he observes to the full extent. For example, trained observers obtain a very large amount of information about a star mainly from the accurate analysis of the simple lines that appear in a spectrum.
He is skeptical — he does not accept statements which are not based on the most complete evidence available — and therefore rejects authority as the sole basis for truth.
Furthermore, he is not only critical of the work of others, but also of his own. Since he knows that man is the least reliable of scientific instruments and that a number of factors tend to disturb objective investigation.
Lastly, he is highly imaginative since he often has to look for relationships in data, which are not only complex but also frequently incomplete. Furthermore, he needs imagination if he wants to make hypotheses of how processes work and how events take place.
These seem to be some of the ways in which a successful scientist or technologist thinks and acts.