Unit Four 词频大于6次小于9次
abandon v. ①离弃 ②抛弃，遗弃（某人）③放弃（某事）
例：Fearing further attacks, most of the population had abandoned the city. 由于害怕遭到更多的袭击，大多数人已逃离这座城市。She abandoned her husband and children and went off with another man. 她抛弃了自己的丈夫和孩子，跟另外一个男人跑了。搭配：abandon yourself to sth. 沉溺于，放纵（感情）：They abandon themselves to drinking. 他们沉湎于饮酒。拓展：abandonment n. 离弃，放弃
A: Is this your bag?
A:Sorry, but we will have to open it for a check.
B:You are welcome.
A:What are these?
B:Oh, these are presents for my friends.
A:Sorry, these are not permitted to be taken on board according to the new regulations.
B:Oh, sorry. I don?t know the regulations. What should I do with them?
A:You could leave them with us until you come back. But you must come back in 30 days. Or you can abandon them.
B:Oh, I will abandon them.
B：哦，那我就不要了。【注】 regulation n. 规章，规则
absorb v. ①吸收 ②吸引……的注意力，使全神贯注 ③吞并，同化
例：Plants can absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen. 植物可以吸收二氧化碳释放氧气。They absorbed a great deal of the Roman culture. 他们大量地吸收罗马文化。搭配：be absorbed in 全神贯注在，一心从事，热衷于：The old man was utterly absorbed in the book. 老人全神贯注地读书。拓展：absorbing a. 十分吸引人的，精彩的；absorption n. 吸收，同化，专心致志
academic a. ①学院的 ②学术性的；n. 专业学者
例：The students return in October for the start of the new academic year. 学生于十月返校，开始新学年的学习。That is merely an academic discussion. 那只是学术性的讨论。拓展：academically ad. 学术上；academy n. 专科院校，研究院；academician n 院士
A: Have you received any degrees?
B: Yes. In 1996 I received my Bachelor of Science degree from Hebei University, and in 2001 I received my MBA degree from Peking University.
A: How about your academic records at college?
B:In fact my records were excellent. My overall GPA was 9 on a 10 scale, which was the highest in my class.
A: That’s very impressive. Which course did you like best?
B: English. It was both interesting and useful, so I showed a great interest in it.
accomplish v. 完成，实现，做成功
例：The first part of the plan has been safely accomplished. 计划的第一部分已顺利完成。I don’t feel I’ve accomplished very much today. 我觉得我今天没干成多少事。拓展：accomplished a. 才华高的，技艺高超的；accomplishment n. 成就，实现
accumulate v. 堆积，积累
例：Dust and dirt soon accumulate if a house is not clean regularly. 房屋不经常打扫， 尘土很快就越积越多。By investing wisely she accumulated a fortune. 由于投资精明，她积蓄了一笔财产。拓展：accumulation n. 积聚，堆积物
accurate a. 准确的，精确的，（仪器）精密的
例：Accurate information about the illness is essential. 关于此病的准确信息至关重要。The new salesgirl is accurate at figures. 新来的女售货员计算正确无误。拓展：accuracy n. 准确（性），精确（性）
听力扩展：French film theorist Metz, the founder of contemporary film theory, expressed obscurely but fairly accurately of the narrative of the importance of the film:“not because the film is a language, it is only about such a wonderful story; but because it?s so wonderful about the story, it was to become a language.” So the film “language” is to the needs of narrative created. The animation of the narrative structure is the “action areas” to be embodied.法国电影理论家、当代电影理论的奠基人麦茨有一段令人费解的表述，但它相当准确地说明了叙事之于电影的重要意义：“并非由于电影是一种语言，它才讲述了如此美妙的故事；而是由于它讲述了如此美妙的故事，它才使自己成为一种语言。”所以电影“语言”是为了叙事的需要而创造出来的。而动画片的叙事性结构是由“行动范畴”来体现的。【注】contemporary a. 当代的，同时代的；n. 同代人，同龄人；obscure a. 费解的，模糊不清的；embody v. 象征，包含
achieve v. ①取得, 获得 ②实现, 达到
例：You will achieve your ambition if you work hard. 只要努力，你的抱负是可以实现的。Their family background gives them little chance of achievement at school. 他们的家庭背景使他们很难有机会在学校学有所成。拓展：achievable a. 可以完成的
A: I’ve reviewed your proposal for the merger between our two firms. But I am still not very clear why we should join together.
B: There is an obvious key reason for this merger program. That is to say, both our firms will benefit a lot from it and a win-win situation will occur.
A: What win-win situation can we achieve then?
B: Both of us are now facing a fierce competition pressure in the global market, so our merger can enhance our competitiveness.
A: I see. Such a strategic alliance between us can be based on such an obvious motive as our quicker expansion into the world market. Am I correct?
B: You are absolutely right!
B：完全正确。【注】merger v. 合并；win?win n. 双赢；alliance n. 联盟，同盟国
achievement n. ①成就，成绩，功绩 ②达到，完成
例：It was a remarkable achievement for such a young player. 如此年轻的选手有这样的成绩真是了不起。Such a goal is impossible of achievement. 这样的目标是不可能达到的。搭配：a sense of achievement成就感： Even a small success gives you a sense of achievement. 即便是小小的成功也给人一种成就感。
A: You’ve got great achievement. To whom you should thank?
B: I think it’s my abecedarian.
A: Tell me about it .
B: She brought me to the field and enlightened me.
A: Are you in your convictions because of her?
B: Yeah, she brought me confidence and belief.
【注】abecedarian n. 初学者，启蒙老师；conviction n. 坚定的信仰
addition n. ①加，加法 ②增加的人（或物）
She began with simple arithmetic, addition and then subtraction. 她从简单的算术学起，先是加法再是减法。They’ve just had an addition to the family. 他们家里刚刚添了一口人。搭配：in addition另外：The company provides cheap Internet access. In addition, it makes shareware freely available.这个公司提供廉价的互联网服务，除此之外，还提供免费的共享软件。in addition to除……之外（还）：Members of the board were paid a small allowance in addition to their normal salary. 董事会成员除了正常薪水之外，还有少量津贴。拓展：additional a. 增加的，额外的
A: I am afraid I can’t express myself in English. Can I use Chinese?
B: No, you can’t. This is an English class, and you have to express yourself in English. In your English class, try to think and express yourself in English. In addition, you must keep your mind working in English all the time when you answer my questions. A: Then let me have a try. In this passage, the author takes the characters peculiar to the British people as a topic to show that they are quite different from other nationalities. They are quiet, shy and reserved.
A：我试试吧。在本篇文章中，作者以英国人的特点为主题说明英国人与其他国家人的不同之处，英国人内向、腼腆，而且保守。【注】reserved a. 预定的，保留的
adopt v. ①收养 ②采用，采纳，采取 ③正式接受，通过
例：Many childless couples adopt children. 许多无子女的夫妇收养孩子。After going to France he soon adopted the French way of life. 他去法国后，很快就接受了法国的生活方式。拓展：adoptability n. 可接受性；adoptable a. 可采纳的；adopter n. 养父母
A: Hey, look. It’s the picture of Chinese former Prime Minister, Zhou Enlai.
B: Yeah, he looked like a Chinese gentleman.
A: Yes, he was. He was a clever and great man. Most of the Chinese love him.
B:I heard he didn’t have children.
A: Yes, he only had an adopted child.
B: In China, a man who didn?t have a child especially when he was a personage was very rare.
B:中国的名人没有小孩是很少见的。【注】personage n. 名人
advantage n. 优势，有利条件；v. 有利于
例：Her Olympic experience gave her a big advantage over other contestants for the final victory. 她的奥运会参赛经历使她比起其他竞技对手在争取最后获胜上具有很大的优势。Such action will advantage our cause. 这样的行动有益于我们的事业。搭配：take advantage of sth./sb. 利用：We took full advantage of the hotel facilities. 我们充分享用了旅馆设施。be/work to your advantage 对……有利：It would be to your advantage to attend this meeting. 参加这次会议会对你有利。拓展：advantageous a. 有利的，有好处的；disadvantage n. 不利，劣势
A: Wow, your new mobile looks so cool!
B: Thank you. It’s a 3G mobile.
A: 3G ? Does it mean the third generation?
B:Yes, our 3G mobiles use TD?SCDMA—Time Division?Synchronous Code Division Multiple Access which is first raised by China and popularly accepted by the world.
A: So great! But is there any advantage?
B: Of course! At least I can have 3G work now, which means anytime, anywhere I can handle anything related to my work.
affair n. ①大事，事件 ②绯闻
例：The exhibition will be a big affair. 这次展出将是一个盛举。Mind your own affairs ! 别管闲事！
M: What do you think of the new manager?
W:He is humorous and easy-going.
M:Oh? Really? Do you know he is said to have an affair?
W:Oh, my! He looks so kind, who knows he is a wolf in sheep’s clothes!
M:Gossip girl, get started!
airline n. 航空公司
例：The airline has checked their luggage out. 航空公司给他们办了行李托运。airliner n. 大型客机，班机
M: I want to make an airline reservation.
W: Yes, sir. Where to?
W: First class or economy?
M: Economy, please.
W: When do you plan to leave?
M: Sometime tomorrow morning.
W: Just a moment, please.
M: Thank you.
alike a.（表语）相像的，相似的；ad. 同样地
例：The brothers were very much alike. 这兄弟几个十分相像。
amuse v. ①使发笑 ②给……提供娱乐
例：His jokes amused the crying child. 他的笑话逗笑了那个正在哭闹的孩子。Doing jigsaws would amuse Amy for hours on end. 艾米会连续几个小时津津有味地玩拼图玩具。搭配：amuse yourself自娱自乐：The kids amused themselves playing hide-and-seek. 孩子们玩捉迷藏，自娱自乐。拓展：amused a. 被逗乐的，感到有意思的；amusing a. 好笑的，引人发笑的
anxiety n. ①焦虑，忧虑 ②担心，害怕 ③渴望，热望
例：There’s a lot of anxiety among the staff about possible job losses. 工作人员都很忧虑，担心可能失业。Tom’s anxiety to succeed led him to work hard. 汤姆对成功的渴望使他更加努力。搭配：anxiety for sth. 渴望：The teacher praised him for his anxiety for knowledge. 老师称赞他求知的欲望。拓展：anxious a. 焦虑的，忧虑的，渴望的
apology n. 道歉，认错
例：We owe you an apology. 我们应该向你道歉。Please accept our sincere apologies. 请接受我们真诚的道歉。搭配：make an apology for sth.作出道歉：She had to make a formal public apology for her remarks. 她必须为她说的话公开道歉。拓展：apologize v. 道歉
Jim: Hi, I have a table reserved for 8, under the name Jim.
Lucy: Err, sorry, but we don’t have any reservation under that name.
Jim: Are you kidding? Please check again.
Lucy: Sure…Sorry, but nothing shows up under that name. We can offer you a space at the bar until a table is available.
Jim: No. I would like to speak with your manager please.
Lucy:I really feel sorry about this. Please wait for a while. I’ll call our manager right now.
Bob: Hello, how can I help you?
Jim:I was just told that my reservation was not taken and now I am here with no table and waiting guests. Is there anything you can do to fix this?
Bob: Oh, please accept my apology for keeping you wait. How about this then, we will take you to a personal room of the club until a table that fits your requirements is available.
Jim: I guess there?s no other choice. Well, thank you very much!
appreciate v. ①感激，感谢 ②重视，赏识，欣赏
例：I appreciate your help very much. 非常感谢您的帮助。She feels that he does not appreciate her. 她觉得他并不赏识她。拓展： appreciation n. 欣赏
A: Then have you received any award at your present company?
B: Yes. I was awarded the title of “Advanced Worker” last year.
A: How would you evaluate the company you are with?
B: Although I could not say that everything is perfect there, I still very much appreciate what the company has given me, especially many chances.
A: How would your colleagues evaluate you?
B: They would say I am a responsible friend and a capable colleague.
A: Can you get recommendations from your present employers?
B: Yes, I have brought them with me. Here they are.
A: Do you have any questions?
B: I think that you have covered all the important points already. But if I have any questions later I will contact you.
arise v. (arose，arisen) ①出现 ②发生起身，起来
例：A new crisis has arisen. 新危机已经出现。He arose at dawn. 他黎明即起。搭配：arise out of/from sth.（由……）引起；（由……）产生：Emotional or mental problems can arise from a physical cause. 身体上的原因可以引起情绪或精神上的问题。
assemble v. ①集合， 聚集，收集 ② 装配， 组合
例：A crowd had assembled outside the gates. 人群已聚集在门外。These cars are assembled in Britain. 这些汽车是在英国装配的。拓展：assembly n. 集会，集合，集合的人们
听力扩展： A husband and wife were watching a TV show one night in which a wife hired a private detective to follow her husband to assemble some evidence and see if he was cheating on her. So, the husband asked the wife if she would ever do that to him. The wife said, “Yes, of course I would! Not so much to find out about the other woman, but to see if I could find out what she saw in you!”一天晚上，一对夫妇正看着电视，剧中的老婆雇用私家侦探跟踪她的先生搜集证据，看看他是否对她不忠。先生问太太说，她是否也会这样做？太太说：“是！当然会，但不是为了找出另一个女人是谁，而是为了查看她到底看中你哪一点？”【注】detective n. 侦探
assign［??sa?n］ v. ①分配，交给 ②指派，委派
例：They have assigned me a small room. 他们给我分配了一个小房间。The captain assigned two soldiers to guard the gate. 上尉派了两个士兵守大门。He assigned the students a few books to read. 他给学生指定了几本必读书。搭配：assign sth. to sb./ assign sb. sth. 安排，布置：The teacher assigned a different task to each of the students. / The teacher assigned each of the students a different task. 老师给每个学生布置的作业都不同。
A: How do I find out which classes I should take for my major?
B:What is your major?
B:Go to the Biology Department and ask them to assign someone to advise you.
A:And they will tell me what I need to take for my degree?
B:Yes, and they will even recommend some helpful courses for your major.
A:I see, thanks.
assignment n. ①任务，作业 ②分派，指派
例：His assignment was to follow the spy. 他的工作是跟踪间谍。What is today’s assignment in history? 今天历史课的作业是什么? 搭配：on assignment执行任务：I was on assignment for a German magazine. 我被派往一家德国杂志社。
W: Why are you alone? Where is your girlfriend?
M: She has her own business, and she is my ex-girlfriend.
W: What’s happened? I saw you hand in hand yesterday.
M: We just broke up. I’d rather talk about something else.
W: Oh, I forgot. Professor Lee said that if you didn’t hand up your assignment as soon as possible, you course would fail.
M: Shit, why not tell me at first?
W: I am sorry. I just wonder why you and your ex-girlfriend didn’t walk together.
M: Please, stop talking. Tell me the topic and how to do it.
W: I am not sure how to do it, but I think you should ask the professor how to finish you work.
M: And he would kill me.
attempt v. 试图，尝试；n. 尝试，试图，企图
例：He attempted the exam but failed. 他试图通过考试，但失败了。After repeated attempts they finally succeeded. 经过反复尝试，他们终于成功了。搭配：attempt at sth./at doing sth. 尝试做某事：The couple made several unsuccessful attempts at a compromise. 这对夫妇几次试图和解均未成功。
attribute v. 把……归因于，认为是……所为；n. 属性，特性
例：She attributes her success to hard work and a little luck. 她认为她的成功来自勤劳和一点点运气。We attributed this saying to Shakespeare. 我们认为这句格言出自莎士比亚。搭配：attribute sth. to把某物归功于；认为某物是(某人)创造的拓展：attributive a. 属性的，(指形容词或名词)用作定语的
听力扩展： The survey, conducted by CTR Market Research, the largest research consulting firm in China, covers mostly single white collars aged 23?30. Most of the young respondents attribute their marriage problem to “busy work” and “having little time to make friends with opposite sex.” It also shows that many young people place high requirements for their marriage partners. Some young people are introverted and do not enjoy being together with people of their opposite sex. Some work and live independently in a large city far away from their hometown, their parents and their relatives. In this case, their friends and relatives cannot help them in their life. Some young people do not take marriage issue seriously. All these have become constraints that delay white-collar people’s marriage.这项调查由中国最大的研究咨询公司央视市场研究有限公司进行的，被调查者大多是23~30岁的单身白领。大多数的年轻受访者将他们的婚姻问题归结于“忙工作”或者“没有时间和异性朋友在一起。”调查还表明，许多年轻人对结婚伴侣要求较高。一些青年性格内向，不喜欢与异性在一起。一些人远离家乡、父母和亲属，在大城市独立工作和生活。在这种情况下，他们的朋友和亲人也无法帮助他们。一些年轻人没有认真考虑过结婚问题。所有这些已成为延迟白领婚姻的原因。【注】introverted a. 性格内向的人；constraint n. 限制，制约
audience n. 观众，听众，读者
例：The audience was clapping for 10 minutes. 观众鼓掌长达十分钟。When she finished her speech，the audience applauded. 她讲完后，听众鼓掌。
authority n. ①权力，管辖权 ②当局，官方 ③权威人士，专家
例：A policeman has the authority to arrest lawbreakers. 警察有权逮捕犯法的人。The local authorities decided to build a suspension bridge over the river. 该地区政府决定在这条河上建一座吊桥。搭配：authority over sb./sth. 对人或事物的管辖权：He had absolute authority over his subordinates. 他对下属有绝对的管辖权。authority on sth. 某方面的专家：Mr. Li is a leading authority on Chinese food. 李先生是中餐方面的专家。拓展：authorize v. 批准
A: Do you hear that?
A:A case of H1N1 has been found in our school.
B:Oh my god. It’s a big piece of news. Who is diagnosed H1N1?
A:It’s said that a new comer from abroad.
B:What did the authority say? Did they take any steps?
A:They hope all the students should take care of themselves and measure their body temperature regularly.
B:It’s really serious. We all need to be careful and keep away from the crowded places.
A:Do you believe that more and more cases will be found in the coming days?
B:I hope not.
B：希望不会。【注】diagnose v. 诊断
auto n. auto=automobile 汽车
例：Don’t park your auto here. 别把你的汽车停在这儿。
W: Hey, you drive a Toyota? I thought you’d never buy a Japanese-made car.
M: Well, so far I’ve only driven American-made cars, and I’ve had so much trouble with them, so I finally changed my mind and decided to buy a Japanese car.
W: I don’t blame you. After all, the Japanese build better cars.
M: They sure do. The American auto makers need to learn how to build better cars than their Japanese competitors.
W:You said it.
automobile n. 汽车
例：Now the automobile has become commonplace. 现在汽车已变得很普通。He rode away in an automobile. 他开车走了。
听力扩展： Three major automobile brands of Germany—Mercedes Benz, BMW, and Volkswagen, known by Chinese consumer and liked, are the world?famous automobile brands with a long history, also are those of the foreign brands first entering the Chinese automobile market. Their development courses, and the courses of their form evolvement, have important and directive significance to the Chinese automobile industry at developing strategy and automobile design of the national brands of China under the new historical condition. 德国三大汽车品牌——奔驰、宝马和大众，是历史悠久的世界著名汽车生产厂商，也是最早进入中国汽车市场的国外品牌之一，为中国消费者所熟悉和喜爱。他们的发展历程和形态演变历程对寻求新历史条件下发展战略的中国汽车工业和中国民族品牌的汽车设计具有重要的借鉴和指导意义。【注】evolvement n. 演变，发展
available a. ①可获得的，可找到的 ②有空的
例：I?ll send you all the periodicals available. 我会把我能找到的期刊都给你寄去。Tickets are available free of charge from the school. 学校有免费票。拓展：availability n. 可用性，有效性，实用性
A: Hello, is it Golden Beach hotel?
B: Yes. What can I do for you?
A: Do you have any vacancies this Wednesday night?
B: Hold the line, please. Let me have a check. Yes, there is a single room available.
A: What’s the price?
B: 350 RMB a night. 更多信息请访问：http://www.24en.com/
award v. ①给予，授予 ②判给，裁定
例：He was awarded the Military Cross. 他被授予十字勋章。The court awarded damages of 5000 dollars to him. 法庭判给他5000美元作为赔偿金。拓展：reward n. 奖，奖金，奖品
A: Why? Why is there such a smart guy?
B: What are you murmuring?
A: Look. This guy, an 18-year-old Chinese boy, gained The Presidential Early Career Award given by President Obama.
B: What? How did he get it?
A: He got the highest mark on all his courses in SAT. Is he very smart?
B: Yes, very.
A: I should show you something more unbelievable. For some faults, he had three exams in one day, but he didn’t care. The three courses were all full marks.