爱思英语编者按:Linked In既不同于一般的求职网站,也不同于交友网站。基本是把自己的同事、同学或有关联的人联系起来,每个人有自己的一个联系人圈子,而每个联系人又各有自己的网络,如果把朋友的朋友、同事的同事等层层连起来,会形成意想不到的广大人际圈。Linked In的创始人Reid Hoffman为大家揭秘了他三条投资原则

1. How will you reach a massive audience?

In real estate the wisdom says “location, location, location.” In consumer Internet, think “distribution, distribution, distribution.” Thousands of products launch every month on hundreds of thousands of new Web pages. How does a company rise above the noise to attract massive discovery and adoption? YouTube did it through existing channels like MySpace, which already reached millions. Yelp had strong SEO, which found them a mass audience searching for restaurants and nightlife. Facebook’s University-centric approach landed them 80% adoption across a campus within 60 days of launch. Every Net entrepreneur should answer these questions: How do we get to one million users? Then how do we get to 10 million users? Then how will you get deep engagement by your users.

你如何达到一个相当规模的用户数量级?   

在房地产投资中,人们常说“地段、地段、地段”。在消费类互联网中,我们要想“渠道、渠道、渠道”。每个月有上千个产品在成千上万个网站上发布。任何一个网站,如何有机会超越者这所有噪音而被大规模的用户发现和使用起来呢?YouTube是通过已经有数百万用户的现成渠道如MySpace。Yelp 通过超强的SEO让大量搜索饭馆和夜生活场所的人们搜到它。Facebook聚焦于大学这一做法使他们在发布60天内覆盖到80%的(美国)校园。每一个互联网的创业者都应该问这些问题:我怎样达到100万用户?然后我怎样达到1000万用户?之后是如何让你的用户在网站上的参与不断深入。

2. What is your unique value proposition?     更多信息请访问:http://www.24en.com/

The Internet space is crowded. A product needs to be sufficiently innovative to distinguish itself from the pack, but not so forward thinking as to alienate the user. Many entrepreneurs create incremental improvements on existing products. This can be big � Google revolutionized search when AOL and Yahoo! were presumed to have it locked up � but more often, the pitch sounds like, “It’s a dating site, but for senior citizens…” I want to see innovation that is categorically distinct from existing propositions. Digg lets users decide which headlines are newsworthy. Last.fm tracks music listening with an iTunes plugin and buffer great music discovery. Flickr enables users to share and tag photos in new ways.

你的独特价值什么?

互联网是一个拥挤的空间。一个产品要足够与众不同,但不能超前到让用户感到间离感。很多创业者是在一些现有的产品上做一些改进深化。这个想法有可能做大 - 例如Google在AOL和雅虎看起来已经坐稳江山的时候将搜索革了命。但更经常的情况是,公司的推广点为:"这是一个交友网站,但是是给老年人的... " 我希望看到的是与现有的各种提议在根本类别上的不同。Digg让用户决定哪一条新闻是值得关注的,last.fm用一个iTunes的插件跟踪都有哪些音乐被倾听从而提供优秀的音乐发掘能力, 而Flickr让用户用全新的方式是分享和标记照片。

3. Will your business be capital efficient?

This may be the most important of the three. Even if you have a mass audience and unique value prop, a business fails without cash flow. An initial round of financing is important, but how reliable is later financing? Will investors see the right elements in the next stage? Your product must scale intelligently � this is why I like software. A well-coded site can adapt to mass demand without its capital expenditures scaling out of control. A product like TypePad can grow to 10 million users without half the growing pains of a service like WebVan, the Web 1.0 startup that attempted to deliver groceries to users’ doorsteps. Try reaching Facebook scale with a service like that.

你的业务会很耗资本吗?

这可能是上述三个问题中最重要的一个。即使你有大规模的用户和独特的价值定位,一个企业挣不到钱就是要失败关门。最初的一轮投资是重要的,但后期的投资是不是可靠?投资者会在你的下一个成长阶段中看到该看到的元素吗?你的产品必须要能够聪明地扩展规模 - 这就是为什么我很喜欢软件。一个程序写的很好的网站,可以很好地适应更大规模的需求,而同时又不使资本花销完全失控。一个TypePad那样的产品可以支持到1000万用户,而不承担像WebVan那样的公司一半的成长之痛 - 后者是一个Web1.0的创业公司,本来要尝试将蔬菜水果等生活品递送到用户门口的。你想想,这样的公司做到Facebook那样的规模,将需要什么样的资本。

With these three elements in place � mass audience, unique value, stable funding � a startup has time to discover where it can make money. Few business plans ever pan out like their owners intend. PayPal started as a plan to beam payments between Palm Pilots. Google raised funds with a vision to capitalize on enterprise search and ended up in advertising. The formula is to build an audience with a great product � then secure enough funding to figure out how to make it pay.

有了这三样 - 大规模用户、独特价值、稳定的投资 - 一个创业公司就有时间去发现它将怎样挣到钱。没有几个商业计划后来呈现出当初作者最早的意愿。PayPal的开始是为了在Palm Pilots无线发送付款,Google融资的时候是为了做企业级搜索但最后成了一个广告业务。(他们的)公式就是用一个很棒的产品吸引用户,然后吸引到足够的投资来支持到公司摸索出怎么赚钱。