Unit Three 词频大于10次小于14次
abroad ad. ①在国外 ②广为流传
例：She worked abroad for a year. 她在国外工作了一年。There was news abroad that a job change in the company was coming. 盛传公司内部即将进行工作变动。搭配：at home and abroad 国内外：He was famous, both at home and abroad. 他享誉国内外。get abroad 传开：The happy tidings soon got abroad. 喜讯不久就传播开了。拓展：aboard prep. 在（船、飞机、车）上；上（船、飞机、车）；ad. 在船（飞机、车）上，上船（飞机、车） 更多信息请访问：http://www.24en.com/
absent a. ①不在的，缺席的 ②心不在焉的；v. 缺席
例：Love was totally absent from his childhood. 他童年时没有受到丝毫的疼爱。She had an absent look on her face. 她看起来心不在焉。absent without leave 擅离职守：Because of absenting without leave, he was fired by the company. 他由于擅离职守被开除了。搭配：absent yourself 不在场，缺席：He absented himself from the meeting. 他没有出席会议。拓展：absently ad. 漫不经心地，心不在焉地；absentee n. 缺席者，缺勤者
A: You know there is an important meeting this morning and the general manager doesn’t like people absent without any reasons.
B: No reasons? You are uncomfortable is the reason. I can’t understand why you guys always love working and forget your body. Money is not everything.
A: OK. I know you care about my health. I will ask for time off and see the doctor this afternoon.
access n. ①通道，入口 ②接近；v. ①存取（计算机文件）②到达，进入
例：There is no access to the street through that door. 那个门不通向大街。This scientist accessed enormous different files to find the correct information. 为了查找信息，这位科学家在计算机上查阅了大量文档。搭配：have access to sth. 有机会，有权利干……事：Students must have access to good resources. 学生必须有机会获得良好的信息资源。拓展：accessary n. 同谋；accessible a. 易达到的；accessibility n. 易接近，可到达
acquire v. ①获得，得到；②养成 ③购得
例：The company has recently acquired new offices in central London. 公司最近在伦敦市中心购买了新办公室。I have recently acquired a taste for olives. 我最近开始喜欢吃橄榄了。搭配：an acquired taste 养成的爱好：Abstract art is an acquired taste. 要慢慢培养才会欣赏抽象艺术。acquire knowledge of 求得……的知识：We must work hard to acquire a good knowledge of English. 必须努力学习才能精通英语。拓展：acquirement n. ①获得，学得 ②［pl.］ 学识，技艺
adapt v. ①使适应，使适合 ②改编，改写
例：People adapt to changing circumstances—even to wealth or a disability. 人们必须适应变化的环境，面对财富或残疾亦应如此。Three of her novels have been adapted for television. 她的三部小说已改编为电视剧。搭配：adapt to 适应：You must adapt to the norms of the society you live in. 在社会中生活，就要遵循社会行为准则。adapt for 适宜(为……改编)：Difficult books are sometimes adapted for use in schools. 偏难的书籍有时候是为学校使用而改编的。拓展：adaptation n. 改编，适应，改写本
alter v. ①改变，更改 ②修改(衣服更合身)
例：I’ll have to alter the diagram. I’ve made a mistake. 我得修改图表，出了点儿错。She is trying to alter the coat. 她正设法改那件衣服。搭配：alter ego 密友：He was my alter ego; we were always picking up each other’s thoughts. 他是我最好的朋友，我们总能明白对方的心思。alter mode 变更方式：You have to alter your mode of living. 你得改变生活方式。拓展：alternatively ad. 二者择一地,作为选择
听力扩展： Fortunately, Maura had a lifeline—a group of women friends who meet regularly to discuss their lives. Their lively discussions spurred Maura to make small but nevertheless life altering changes. She joined a gym in the next town. She changed her look with a short haircut and new black T?shirts. Eventually, Maura gathered the courage to quit her job and start her own business.幸运的是，莫拉有救命稻草——她有一帮女性朋友，经常聚在一起讨论生活。她们热烈的讨论促使莫拉对生活做点小小的改变。她加入了相邻小镇的健身活动，她剪短头发改变了形象，买了新的黑色T恤衫。最终，莫拉鼓起勇气辞去工作，开始个人创业。【注】lifeline n. 救生索，生命线；spur v. 鞭策，激励；gym n. 体育活动，体育馆
apart ad. ①分开 ②相隔；a. 分开的
例：We had to take the engine apart. 我们不得不卸下引擎。We are living apart now. 我们分开过了。搭配：apart from 除……以外：I have finished apart from the last question. 除了最后一道题，我全做完了。set apart 保留：A room was set apart for the purpose. 专门为此留出了一个房间。tell apart 辨别(区分)：The twins are so alike; it’s impossible to tell them apart. 这对双胞胎长得太像了，简直无法区分。拓展：apartment n. 一套公寓房间
A: How long will you be staying here?
B: About two weeks.
A: That’ll be enough to see Beijing.
B: I hope so. Apart from tourist attractions，what can I see?
A: Um, Laoshe Teahouse will be a good choice.
B: What’s special about it?
A: You can watch Chinese traditional performance while drinking tea.
B: Sounds very interesting. Thank you!
appeal n. ①请求，呼吁 ②上诉 ③吸引力；v. ①求助，要求 ②控诉
例：The game has lost its appeal. 这种游戏已引不起人们的兴趣。Five times he appealed the case, always losing. 他上诉五次，都失败了。搭配：appeal to sb. 呼吁：By appealing to his better nature, we persuaded him to change his mind. 我们唤醒了他的良知，劝他改变了主意。appeal against 提起上诉：She will appeal against the judge’s decision. 她要对判决提出上诉。make an appeal to sb. 呼吁：President Lee made an appeal to help the poor. 李总统呼吁大家帮助穷人。拓展：appealing a. 恳求的，哀诉的
A: You can appeal if you’re not satisfied with the sentence.
B: Where do I appeal?
A: A higher level court.
B: What is the chance of winning the case if I appeal?
A: I’m not going to lie to you. Not very big.
application n. ①申请 ②应用 ③涂抹
例：I didn’t receive an acknowledgement of my application. 我还没有收到有关我的申请的回执。It took three applications of paint to cover the graffiti. 刷了三道油漆才盖住了乱涂乱写的东西。搭配：application form 申请书：Application form can be downloaded here. 申请表格可于这里下载。application of sth. 应用：The new invention would have a wide range of applications in industry. 这项新发明会在工业上得到广泛的应用。拓展：applicant n. 申请人；applied a. 实用的，应用的
A: What can I do for you?
B: I just came to the university to further my study. I don’t know how to apply for a library card here.
A: Well, please fill out this card.
B: How long will it take for me to get my card?
A: Not long. We’ll process your application and mail you your new card in about a week.
B: Oh, thank you very much.
B：哦。非常感谢。【注】process v. 加工，处理
apply v. ①应用 ②申请
例：I advise that they apply to the council for a home improvement grant. 建议他们向市政会申请改善住房的贷款。The new technology was applied to farming. 这项新技术已应用于农业。搭配：apply to 适用于，运用于：The laws apply to everyone irrespective of race, creed or colour. 法律适用于所有的人, 不分种族、 信仰或肤色。apply oneself to do sth. 努力学习，勤奋工作：You would pass your exam if you applied yourself. 努力学习就会通过考试。
A: Excuse me, I lost my metro card. What should I do?
B: I’m sorry. The metro card is non-registered. You should apply for a new one.
A: OK. I want to do that now. By the way, if my card breaks, can I replace it?
B: Yes, you can exchange it if you take your receipt to Fuxingmen station.
B：可以拿收据到复兴门地铁站换。【注】metro card 地铁卡；receipt n. 收据
approve v. ①赞成，同意 ②批准，通过（计划、提案、要求等）
例：She thought for a moment and then approved. 她略加沉思，就同意了。The minister approved the building plan. 部长批准了该项建筑计划。The course is approved by the Department of Education. 课程已经获得教育部核准。搭配：approve of 赞成，称许：My parents don’t approve of my smoking cigarettes. 我父母不允许我吸烟。拓展：approval n. ①赞成，同意 ②批准，认可；approving a. 赞成的，同意的
A: Did you find that Lily and Tom often go out for lunch together recently?
B: Ha-ha. What’s your opinion about such relationship?
A: Actually, I neither object to it nor support it.
B: Wow, neutral! Good!
A: How about you？
B: I do not approve office ladies to have such relationship with male colleagues. I think this kind of relationship will go out of our control, and will harm our career, even may influence our life.
B：我不赞成办公室女职员与男同事发生类似的关系。这种关系一旦失控，会伤害我们事业的发展，甚至影响到我们的生活。【注】neutral a. 中立的
argue v. ①争论，辩论 ②说服
例：I argued with her for a long time, but she refused to listen to reason. 我和她辩论了好久，但她还是不听。Joyce argued me into buying a new jacket. 乔伊斯说服了我买一件新上衣。搭配：argue about 争论不休：They were arguing about how to spend the money. 他们就花钱问题争论不休。argue against 不赞成：You can argue against extending the airport on the grounds of cost. 你可以以成本太高为由反对扩建机场。argue sb. into 说服某人拓展：arguer n. 辩论(争论)者；argument n. 争辩，辩论；argumentation n. 论证
W: He is only five years old. It’s time for him to play.
M: But you aren’t only five years old. It’s your duty to plan his future.
W: No, I couldn’t agree with you. It’s his own duty to plan his own future.
M: I don’t want to argue with you. Anyway, I will send him to school this year.
associate v. ①联想，联系 ②交往；a. ①联合的②副的 n. 同事
例：We associate China with the Greet Wall. 想起中国，就想到长城。The company has their dealings with an associate company in Japan. 这家公司与日本一家联营公司有往来。搭配：associate oneself with 表明支持，表明同意：May I associate myself with the Prime Minister’s remarks? 我可以支持首相的讲话吗？associate with同……联系在一起拓展：associated a. 有关联的，相关的；association n. ①协会，社团 ②联合，交往
A: If you are staying here for a few days, we’d be delighted to see you at our factory.
B: It’s very kind of you to say so. My associate and I will be interested in visiting your factory.
A: Let us know when you are free. We’ll arrange the tour for you.
B: Thank you. I’ll give you a call this afternoon to set the time. There’s nothing like seeing things with one’s own eyes.
A: That’s for sure. You?ll know our products better after the visit.
association n. ①联合，结合 ②交往 ③协会，社团
例：I benefited a lot from my association with him. 通过与他交往，获益匪浅。Do you belong to any professional or trade association? 你有没有参加专业学会或行业协会？搭配：association with sb./sth. 联合,交往：They have maintained a close association with a college in the US. 他们和美国一所学院保持了密切的联系。in association with 与……联合：Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others. 人人都享有单独的财产所有权以及同他人合有的所有权。
W: Good morning, Smith Association.
M: This is Brown speaking. I’d like to speak to Mr. Smith.
W: I’m sorry, but Mr. Smith left just a few minutes ago.
M: I have been trying to call him for the last ten minutes, but your line is always busy. Will he be back soon?
W: I’m afraid not. He is away for the rest of the day.
athlete n. ①运动员，体育家 ②身强力壮的人，擅长运动的人
例：This athlete is a world?beater. 这位选手是天下无敌的。She is a natural athlete. 她是个天生的运动健将。拓展：athletic a. ①健壮的 ②体育运动的，田径运动的
A: Is there anything good on television recently ?
B: Yeah, the 12th world track and field championship in Berlin is in progress.
A: Any interesting news? I forget that you are truly a sports fan.
B: The news is that Caster Semenya is involved in Sex Entanglement.
A: Is she the woman athlete that has got the 800 meters champion?
B: Yes. In shape, she really looks like a man.
【注】championship n. 世锦赛；in progress 进行中；Caster Semenya 塞门亚（音译），南非女运动员
attend v. ①出席，参加 ②照顾，护理
例：They attended our affairs during our absence. 我们不在时，一切事务由他们负责。They had a quiet wedding—only a few friends attended it. 他们静静地举行了婚礼——只邀请了几个朋友参加。搭配：attend on/upon 服侍，照料：She has two nurses attending on her. 有两名护士照顾她。attend to ①注意，留心 ②照顾，护理：You must attend to your work. 你必须专心工作。We?ll attend to that problem later. 稍后我们将处理那个问题。拓展：attendance n. ①出席 ②出席人数；attendant n. 出席人员
Waiter: Are you being attended to?
Customer: No, I have already waited for 10 minutes!
Waiter: I’m terrible sorry for you. This is the menu. What would you like to begin with?
Customer: I’d like steak and chips and fruit salad, please.
顾客：牛排、薯片和水果沙拉。【注】steak n. 牛排
aware a. 意识到的，知道的
例：I was aware of what he was aiming at. 我知道他在打什么主意。I become aware that the house is shaking. 我感觉到房子在震动。搭配：be aware of sth. 当心某事，意识到某事：Be aware of those who fish in troubled waters. 当心那些混水摸鱼的人。be aware that 意识到：He is quite aware that the danger is coming. 他意识到危险正在来临。拓展：awareness n. 知道，晓得
A: Are you aware of the aspects of this position and do you feel you are qualified?
B: Yes, I understand my qualification and your needs by researching your company.
A: What starting salary do you expect?
B:￥5,000 a month.
B：月薪5,000元。【注】qualification n. 资格，条件
balance n. ①天平 ②平衡 ③差额；v. 平衡
例：Do the firm’s accounts balance? 这家公司的账目收支是否平衡？ We would maintain the world balance of power at all costs. 我们将不惜一切代价维持世界权利均衡。搭配：in the balance 不明朗的：The long-term future of the space programme hangs in the balance. 航天计划的长远前景尚未明朗。off balance 使失去平衡：I was thrown off balance by the sudden gust of wind. 突如其来阵风差点把我吹倒。balance A against B 权衡重要性：The cost of obtaining legal advice needs to be balanced against its benefits. 要全面考虑法律咨询的费用及其效益。拓展：balanced a. 均衡的，平衡的
A: I want to open a current account with your bank.
B: I’ll open it for you right now. Please fill in this form and show me your passport.
A: OK. Is there a minimum balance?
B: Yes, there must be at least one yuan to open an account.
A: Thank you.
A：谢谢！【注】minimum a. 最低的，最低限度的
cancel v. 取消，撤销
例：If the worst comes to the worst, we?ll have to cancel our holiday plans. 要是情况不妙, 我们就只好取消度假计划了。They would be very reluctant to postpone or cancel the meeting. 他们不愿意推迟或取消会议。搭配：cancel a debt 销账：You may require payment from a foreigner, but you must cancel any debt your brother owes you. 若借给外人，可以向他追讨。但若借给兄弟，只能销账了。 cancel out 抵消，对消：Recent losses have cancelled out any profits made at the start of the year. 最近的亏损与年出的盈利相抵消。拓展：cancellation n. 取消，撤销
M: May I speak to Miss Liu, please?
W: Speaking. May I ask who is calling?
M: Yes, this is Mr. White. I ordered a suit yesterday with you but I don’t want it any more.
W: Do you mean you want to cancel the order?
M: Yes, may I?
career n. 生涯，职业，事业
例：She experienced a loss of identity after giving up her career to get married. 她为了婚姻放弃了事业，之后有了一种失落感。搭配：career training 就业训练：Online career training can get you started. 在线职业培训可供你入门学习。career objective 求职目标：What’s your career objective? 你的职业目标是什么？拓展：career-oriented a. 事业导向的
charge v. & n. ①控告 ②使充电 ③进攻 ④ 收费
例：He was charged with murder. 他被控犯谋杀罪。How much do you charge for mending shoes? 修鞋要多少钱？ All goods are delivered free of charge. 一切物品免费送货。搭配：charge at扑向，进攻：He charged at me with his head down and both fists flying. 他低着头，挥舞双拳朝我冲来。charge against控告：The public prosecutor charged treason against the prisoner. 检察官指控该罪犯犯有叛国罪。charge for 要价，收费：Plumbers charge by the hour for their work. 水管工人的工作是按小时收费的。free of charge 免费拓展：charger n. ①充电器 ②袭击者
compete v. 比赛，竞争
例：Japan is competing with other countries for world market. 日本正与其他国家竞争国际市场。The young tennis player has often competed against famous players, but so far he has always been beaten. 那位年轻的网球运动员常与著名球员比赛，可是到目前为止，他从未赢过。搭配：compete with /against sb. for sth. 与某人竞争某物：The children compete against each other to reach the other end of the pool. 孩子们争先恐后地游向池塘对岸。Small and independent bookstores simply can’t compete with big national chains. 小规模的个体书店无论如何也竞争不过大型的全国连锁店。拓展：competition n. 竞争，竞赛；competitive a. 竞争性的；competitor n. 竞争对手
A: Sometimes I?m really tired of this kind of life.
A:People always compete with one another. Life is full of competition.
B:To some extent you’re right. Competition is everywhere, and it is tough. We have to compete with others in order to survive. But that does not mean happiness has gone.
competitive a. 竞争的，比赛的
例：The banks are lending money at a competitive rate of interest. 银行竞相以低利率贷款。The state of competition in an industry depends on five basic competitive forces. 产业内的竞争态势取决于五种基本竞争力量。拓展：competitiveness n. 竞争能力；competition n. 比赛，竞争
听力扩展：In this competitive society it is essential to know how to sell yourself in order to get the job you want. That means you must be able to market your best features and present yourself in the best light. After all, you never get a second chance to make a first impression.在这个竞争激烈的社会，为了得到你想要的工作，必须知道如何推销自己，这是很必要的。这意味着你必须能够推销你的优点，展现你最好的一面。毕竟，你永远没有第二次机会去打造第一印象。【注】essential a. 必不可少的；impression n. 印象，感想
complex a. 复杂的，难懂的；n. ①综合体 ②（心）情节
例：He had not a particularly complex mind. 他的头脑并不十分复杂。I am developing a guilt complex about it. 我对此事有一种负罪感。拓展：complexity n. 复杂性，难懂
A: I really appreciate the time you make in the schedules.
B: You are welcome.
A: OK. Let’s begin. What do you think about this plan?
B: I think it is too complex. We have to find a way to make it easier.
A: But there’s only one week for us.
B: Yes, you are right.
A: I hope you can hand in the new plan in 5 days.
B: OK. No problem.
confuse v. ①使困惑，把……弄糊涂 ②混淆，把……混同
例：They asked so many questions that they confused me. 他们问了许多问题, 都把我弄糊涂了。His comments only served to confuse the issue further. 他的评论让问题更加复杂化。搭配：confuse…and/with 将……混淆，混同：People often confuse me and my twin sister. 人们常常混淆我和我的孪生妹妹。拓展：confused a. 迷惑的；confusing a. 不清楚的；confusion n. 困惑，混淆
contact n. & v. ①联系，联络 ②接触
例：She comes into contact with many people. 她和许多人有联系。We agreed to contact again as soon as possible. 我们同意尽快再联系。搭配：in contact with保持联系：Have you kept in contact with any of your friends from college? 你和大学里的朋友还保持联系吗?lost contact with 失去联系：She lost contact with her son. 她和儿子失去了联系。come into contact with接触
A: I may need a car to the Great Wall tomorrow.
B: You may contact me when you need it.
A: Your contact number, please?
B: One five eight zero double one seven five three two zero. That’s my mobile phone number.
A: OK. Mine is eight seven one six four nine zero one. See you!
B: See you!
contribute v. ①捐献，捐助 ②撰稿，投稿
例：I contributed a pound towards Jane?s leaving present. 我凑了一英镑给简买告别礼物。She regularly contributes to the college magazine. 她定期给校刊投稿。搭配：contribute to 贡献：Song Dynasty contributed three great inventions to world civilization. 宋朝的三大发明为世界文明作出了贡献。contribute for 为……捐助：Contribute 3000 yuan for that fund at the end of last week. 到上星期末为止，基金捐款总计三千元。拓展：contribution n. 捐助物，贡献；contributor n. ①捐助人 ②投稿者
cope v. ①（妥善地）处理，对付 ②竞争，抗衡
例：He had a lot of work, but he was able to cope. 他的活虽多, 但还能应付得来。No one can cope with him in English. 在英语方面谁也比不过他。搭配：cope with （妥善地）处理，对付：There was too much work for our computer to cope with. 计算机要干的工作太多，简直应接不暇。
A: The nude fitness is pop now. Did you take part in it ?
B: I can not accept it.
A: Many people think nude fitness is so normal.
B: There are quite a lot of nude fitness clubs.
A: Yeah, the nude swimming club as an example.
B: I know the nude beach volleyball is generally popular.
A: At ski resort of Austria there is actually a nude skiing.
B: Oh, not cold?
A: The heat in skiing is enough to cope with the cold.
B: Is that true? The nude yoga and nude fitness equipments sports are more and more popular.
【注】fitness n. 健身；nude yoga n. 裸体瑜伽
crash v.（使）撞毁；n. ①失事 ②碰撞声 ③破产，失败
例：The plane crashed shortly after takeoff. 飞机起飞后不久便坠毁了。This is the most spectacular financial crash of the decade. 这是近10年最引人注目的金融破产事件。搭配：crash about 踢踢撞撞：I don’t want any of you children crashing about upstairs while your father’s asleep. 你爸爸在睡觉，你们这些孩子谁也不许在楼上跑来跑去。crash down 哗啦一声倒下（摔下）：She crashed the plates angrily down on the table. 她生气地把盘子摔在桌子上。crash into撞上：I crashed into a street light and hurt my knee. 我撞到路灯上，把膝盖碰伤了。
critical a. ①决定性的，关键性的 ②批评的，批判的 ③有危险的
例：Your decision is critical to our future. 你的决定对我们的将来至关重要。The first 24 hours after the operation are the most critical. 病人手术后24小时是最危险的。搭配：be critical about 爱挑剔：Tom’s parents are highly critical about the school. 汤姆的父母对学校极度挑剔。拓展：critically a. 严重地，危急地
A: You look kind of unhappy. Do you want to talk about anything?
B: It seems like I can’t write a good paper for this teacher. It feels like he hates me or something.
A: I’m sure it isn’t that serious. Is this your first year taking English writing classes? Maybe you just have a lot to learn from this teacher.
B: Yeah, that may be, but then why does he only show me my errors and never say anything about what I might have done right? It seems kind of unfair, and a little unkind.
A: I could see why you think that. Just don’t give up.
B: I suppose you might be right, but I think he should be a little less critical.
【注】or something 〈口〉或诸如此类的事物
culture n. ①文化 ②培养，栽培
例：She is a woman of considerable culture. 她是一个文化修养很高的女子。The culture of the mind is vital. 修身养性是极其重要的。拓展：cultural a. 文化的
A: What’s the exact difference between the west culture and the east one? Could you give me some examples?
B: My pleasure! You never know how polite British people are in public places. Whatever they go to buy tickets or food, they all like to queue up! They comply so much with public order.
B：愿意效劳。你绝对想不到英国人在公共场合多么有礼貌！他们无论是去买票还是买食物，都自觉排队，非常遵守公共秩序。【注】comply with 服从，遵从