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爱思英语编者按:辩证的思维和我们平时思考的方式有什么不一样呢?又有什么样的好处呢?我们为什么需要辩证思维呢?
 
Critical thinking is the mental process of analyzing or evaluating information. "To reason" is the capacity for rational thought, or to think logically.
辩证思维是我们分析评价信息的一个心理过程,推理则是有条理有逻辑的思考的能力。

Once you have established a solid foundation or a healthy self-concept, it is important to be able to think critically or to reason.
一旦你建立了一个坚固的基础或者一个健康的自我观念,那么辩证的思考和推理能力将变得更加重要。

Everyone thinks; however, much of our thinking is reactive, biased, uninformed and often prejudiced. Likewise, more often than not, it is also haphazard and undisciplined.
每个人都在思考,但是我们大部分的思考都是被动的,片面的,没有依据的并且常常是偏见的。同样,这些思考常常也是随意的,没有规律的。

Why do we need to think critically?
为什么需要辩证思维?

In order to assess our role in, and the consequences of any actions we take, we must be able to evaluate and determine what is taking place in a given situation.
为了考察我们的职能以及预测我们的行为可能产生的结果,我们必须学会在一个给定的环境中评估和决定采取什么行动。

This requires us to organize our thinking, integrate the information at hand, distinguish between what is fact and what is opinion, and then weigh potential outcomes.
这就要求我们组织我们的思维,整合既有的信息,分清事实和观点以及预测可能产生的结果。

By thinking critically, instead of reacting emotionally to a problem, we employ strategies which:
•Help us learn from an experience
•Help prevent it from occurring again
•Result in a reasonable, effective solution
通过辩证的思考后而非情绪化的解决问题,我们能运用一些战略。这些战略能帮助我们从经验中学习、防止类似事件再次发生、得到一个合理有效的解决方案。

The quality of life we have is the result of the quality of our thinking.
我们生活质量的高低取决于我们思考质量的高低。

Critical thinking is self-disciplined, self-monitored and problem solving thinking.
辩证思维是一种自我约束、自我管理、问题导向式的思维。更多信息请访问:http://www.24en.com/

It is the kind of thinking that leads to open-mindedness, putting things in perspective, and having a positive attitude.
这种思维能够发散思维,使我们积极地全方位地看待问题。

When we don't "reason" or think critically we subject ourselves to fleeting, erratic or unpredictable emotions.
当我们不再辩证的思考推导问题的话,我们就会陷入一种短暂的、不稳定的、无法预测的情绪中。

Not that we should deny or suppress our emotions. They are a vital and significant element of who we are.
这不是说我们需要否认或者抑制我们的情绪。它们是”我之为我“的很重要的一部分。

Instead, we have to learn how to make them work for us, not against us.
相反的,我们要学会如何是它们为我们服务而非和我们作对。

Critical thinking helps us balance our emotions, which in turn leads to using good judgment and making informed, good decisions、
辩证的思考帮助我们平衡自己的情绪,从而做出正确的判断、明智的决定。

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