jolt——To disturb suddenly and severely; stun震惊=shock Something that jars the mind or emotions as if with a violent, unexpected blow.震惊
   myth——A fictitious story, person, or thing传说=legend An unverified story handed down from earlier times, especially one popularly believed to be historical传说
   noxious——Harmful to living things; injurious to health有害的=harmful
   narrate——To give an account or a description叙述或描绘=recount To narrate the facts or particulars of详细叙述
   over taxed——税收过高的=heavily burdened负担沉重的
   outbreak——A sudden increase突然发生=beginning The act or process of bringing or being broughtsintosbeing; a start开端
   originate——To comesintosbeing; start出现;开始=initial, genesis, pioneer
   To bringsintosbeing; create创造=invent,
   puncture—— To pierce with a pointed object刺用带尖的物体穿透=pierce
   quaint—— Odd, especially in an old-fashioned way离奇的=odd, bizarre Strikingly unconventional and far-fetched in style or appearance; odd古怪的
   protrude—— To jut out; project突出;伸出=project To extend forward or out; jut out突出
   prospect—— Something expected; a possibility期待被期望的某物;可能性=possibility
   prosperity—— The condition of being prosperous繁荣=wealth The state of being rich; affluence富裕
   proponent—— One who argues in support of something; an advocate倡导者=supporter
   property—— A characteristic trait or peculiarity, especially one serving to define or describe its possessor特性=characteristic,
   A piece of real estate地产;不动产=estate
   proper—— Characterized by appropriateness or suitability; fitting恰当的=suitable, correctly
   promising—— Likely to develop in a desirable manner有前途的;有希望的=likely Apt to achieve success or yield a desired outcome; promising有希望的
   prominent—— Widely known; eminent著名的=distinguished Characterized by excellence or distinction; eminent卓越的
   proliferation—— To grow or multiply by rapidly producing new tissue, parts, cells, or offspring增生,增殖=multiply To breed or propagate繁殖或增殖
   prevail—— To be in force, use, or effect; be current正在用的,有影响的;现行的=dominate
   prevailing—— Most frequent or common; predominant普遍的;有优势的=most frequent
   primal—— Of first importance; primary最重要的;主要的=key, principal First, highest, or foremost in importance, rank, worth, or degree; chief重要的,首要的
   primarily—— Of first importance; primary最重要的;主要的=mainly For the most part; chiefly.大部分地;主要地
   prehistoric—— Of, relating to, or belonging to the era before recorded history史前的=ancient
   preservative—— Something used to preserve, especially a chemical added to foods to inhibit spoilage防腐剂=maintain To keep in an existing state; preserve or retain保持
   preside over——管理,主管=manage