surging—— To increase suddenly. Used of electric current or voltage猛增=accelerating
   surpass—— To be or go beyond, as in degree or quality; exceed胜过=exceed, outrun
   sustain—— To keep in existence; maintain继续生存;维持=maintain
   sustenance—— Something, especially food, that sustains life or health营养物,尤指食物=fare Food and drink; diet食物和饮料
   Means of livelihood生计=livelihood
   supplement——Something added to complete a thing, make up for a deficiency, or extend or strengthen the whole补充物,用来完成某事、补充不足、扩展或加强=extension
   An addition that increases the area, influence, operation, or contents of something扩大
   supreme——Greatest in importance, degree, significance, character, or achievement最重要的=outstanding
   succinct——Characterized by clear, precise expression in few words; concise and terse简明的=concise
   sufficient——Being as much as is needed充足的=adequate
   sumptuous——Of a size or splendor suggesting great expense; lavish豪华的;花费奢侈的=luxurious
   substantial——Considerable in importance, value, degree, amount, or extent有重大价值的=considerable Worthy of consideration; significant重要的
   substitute——One that takes the place of another; a replacement代用品=replacement, in place of代替
   subsidize——To assist or support with a subsidy以津贴补助=finance To supply funds to给…提供资金
   subtle——So slight as to be difficult to detect or analyze; elusive纤细的,细小的=slight
   submit——提出,提交=present提出;呈递
   subsidy——Monetary assistance granted by a government to a person orsgroupsin support of an enterprise regarded as being in the public interest补助金=financing融通资金
   subject to ——在……条件下;易受……的侵袭;受控制=expose to, susceptible to
   stretch——A continuous or unbroken length, area, or expanse连续不断的长度,地区或空间=span The extent or measure of space between two points or extremities, as of a bridge or roof; the breadth跨度两点或两端间的空间
   strike——To engage in a strike against an employer罢工=walkout
   To come to; attain来到;到达= make contact with
   striking—— Arresting the attention and producing a vivid impression on the sight or the mind.惹人注目的=prominent Immediately noticeable; conspicuous显眼的
   stringent—— Imposing rigorous standards of performance; severe严格的=strict
   stimulus—— Something that incites or rouses to action; an incentive激发物=motivate
   strain ——To pull, draw, or stretch tight拉紧=tension The act or process of stretching something tight拉紧
   stationary—— Not capable of being moved; fixed不能被移动的;固定的=fixed, immobile
   status——Position relative to that of others; standing地位=standing
   sticky——shavingsthe property of adhering or sticking to a surface; adhesive粘的=adhere, cement
   staple—— A basic or principal element or feature主要成分,基本成分=basic element
   squirt—— To issue forth in a thin forceful stream or jet; spurt喷=spurt out v.喷出