How many N are there ...
結構︰問句：How many+複數名詞+are there in/on+名詞?
說明︰此句型意為“在某處有多少…?在某處有…。”該句型中，many 修飾複數<名詞>;又因本句型是 <疑問句>，故用 are there，不可用 there are。
How many seasons are there in a year? There are four seasons in a year.
How many days are there in a week? There are seven days in a week.
How many lessons are there in this book? There are twelve lessons in this book.
How many ... do you have?
說明︰“How many”後面接複數<可數名詞>，複數<名詞>的前面可用 many，a lot of，a few，some，few，any，no 等修飾。
How many books do you have? I have a lot of books. (I don’t have any books.)
How many sweaters do you have? I have three sweaters. (I don’t have any sweaters.)
How many friends does she have? She has a lot of friends. (She doesn’t have many friends.)
How much ... do you have?
說明︰“How much”後面接單數<不可數名詞>，單數<不可數名詞>前面可用 much， a little，some，little，any，no 等修飾。
How much tea does he have? He has a lot of tea. (He doesn’t have any tea.)
How much homework do they have? They have a lot of homework. (They don’t have much homework.) 他們有多少家庭作業? 他們有許多家庭作業。(他們沒有許多家庭作業。)
How much fruit do they have? They have a lot of fruit. (They don’t have a lot of fruit.)
How much do(es) ... cost?
結構︰How much do(es)+某物+cost…?
說明︰此句型意為“某物值多少錢?”。how much 用來詢問商品的價格。還可以寫作：“How much+ be <動詞>+某物?"。
How much does this computer cost? (=How much is this computer?)這部電腦值多少錢?
How much do the vegetables cost? 這些蔬菜值多少錢?
How much do the movie tickets cost? 這些電影票值多少錢?
Did ... V ...
說明︰將肯定句中的過去式改為“Did+原形<動詞>”，並將 Did 放在句首，句尾用問號，即構成過去式的<疑問句>。
Did he clean the room yesterday? 他昨天打掃房間嗎?
Did she wash the skirt yesterday? 她昨天洗這裙子嗎?
Did your brother play in the park this morning? 你弟弟今天上午在公園玩耍嗎?
Did he eat lunch yesterday? 他昨天吃午飯嗎?
Did you see any elephants in the zoo last week? 上星期你在動物園裡看到大象了嗎?
Did Sue have her breakfast at eight? 蘇在八點鐘吃過早餐了嗎?