How many N are there ...
結構︰問句：How many+複數名詞+are there in/on+名詞?
答句：There is/are+單數(複數)名詞+in/on+名詞。
說明︰此句型意為“在某處有多少…?在某處有…。”該句型中，many 修飾複數<名詞>;又因本句型是 <疑問句>，故用 are there，不可用 there are。
How many seasons are there in a year? There are four seasons in a year.
一年有幾個季節? 一年有四季。
How many days are there in a week? There are seven days in a week.
一星期有幾天? 一星期有七天。
How many lessons are there in this book? There are twelve lessons in this book.
這本書裡有幾課? 這本書裡有十二課。

How many ... do you have?
結構︰問句：How many+複數名詞+do/does+主詞+have?
答句：主詞+have/has…+複數名詞+…。
答句：主詞+don’t/doesn’t have…+複數名詞…。
說明︰“How many”後面接複數<可數名詞>，複數<名詞>的前面可用 many，a lot of，a few，some，few，any，no 等修飾。
How many books do you have? I have a lot of books. (I don’t have any books.)
你有幾本書? 我有許多書。(我沒有書。)
How many sweaters do you have? I have three sweaters. (I don’t have any sweaters.)
你有幾件毛衣? 我有三件毛衣。(我沒有毛衣。)
How many friends does she have? She has a lot of friends. (She doesn’t have many friends.)
她有幾個朋友? 她有許多朋友。(她沒有許多朋友。)

How much ... do you have?
結構︰問句：How much+單數不可數名詞+do/does+主詞+have?
答句：主詞+have/has…+單數不可數名詞。
答句：主詞+don’t/doesn’t have…+單數不可數名詞。
說明︰“How much”後面接單數<不可數名詞>，單數<不可數名詞>前面可用 much， a little，some，little，any，no 等修飾。
How much tea does he have? He has a lot of tea. (He doesn’t have any tea.)
他有多少茶? 他有很多茶。(他沒有茶。)
How much homework do they have? They have a lot of homework. (They don’t have much homework.) 他們有多少家庭作業? 他們有許多家庭作業。(他們沒有許多家庭作業。)
How much fruit do they have? They have a lot of fruit. (They don’t have a lot of fruit.)
他們有多少水果? 他們有許多水果。(他們沒有許多水果。)

How much do(es) ... cost?
結構︰How much do(es)+某物+cost…?
說明︰此句型意為“某物值多少錢?”。how much 用來詢問商品的價格。還可以寫作：“How much+ be <動詞>+某物?"。
How much does this computer cost? (=How much is this computer?)這部電腦值多少錢?
How much do the vegetables cost? 這些蔬菜值多少錢?
How much do the movie tickets cost? 這些電影票值多少錢?

Did ... V ...
結構︰Did+主詞+原形動詞+…過去時間?
說明︰將肯定句中的過去式改為“Did+原形<動詞>”，並將 Did 放在句首，句尾用問號，即構成過去式的<疑問句>。
Did he clean the room yesterday? 他昨天打掃房間嗎?
Did she wash the skirt yesterday? 她昨天洗這裙子嗎?
Did your brother play in the park this morning? 你弟弟今天上午在公園玩耍嗎?
Did he eat lunch yesterday? 他昨天吃午飯嗎?
Did you see any elephants in the zoo last week? 上星期你在動物園裡看到大象了嗎?
Did Sue have her breakfast at eight? 蘇在八點鐘吃過早餐了嗎?