1.Translate the following sentences into Chinese:
1. Gone are the days when teachers were looked down upon.
2. Not until the middle of the 19th century did the blast furnace come into use.
3. Not once had the gentleman mentioned his view of life.
4. There existed a certain doubt among the students as to the necessity of the work.
5. So happy was he about the good news that he could hardly sleep last night.
6. By no means should we look down upon the poor.
7. Only after entering the store did Arthur realize that there was danger.
8. I have never seen him in better spirits.
9. She is anything but beautiful.
10. Not that I believe in you. I was just curious.
11.He is nothing but careless.
12. He has suffered one setback after another, but he still worked cheerfully instead of dejectedly.
13. It is out of the question that our football team will win this time.
14. I do not read the book because I like it. I have to write a paper on it.
15. You cannot have too many friends. As the proverb goes, "One enemy is too many, and a hundred friends too few."
2. Find the best summary for each chosen paragraph and complete the sentences according to the passage. (概括大意。完成句子)
Transport and Trade
Transport is one of the aids to trade. By moving goods from places where they are plentiful to places where they are scarce, transport adds to their value. The more easily goods can be brought over the distance that separates producer and consumer, the better for trade. When there were no railways, no good roads, no canals(no 修饰名词,该结构 = when there were not railways,.. ), and only small sailing ships, trade was on a small scale.
The great advances made in transport during the last two hundred years were accompanied by a big in crease in trade. Bigger and faster ships enabled a trade in meat to develop between Britain and New Zealand, for instance. Quicker transport makes possible mass-production and big business, drawing supplies from, and selling goods to, all parts of the global. Big factories could not exist without transport to carry the large number of workers they need to and from their homes(双重否定的结构;“如果没有交通工具每天把工厂所需要的大量的工人接送上下班，那么大的工厂就不能存在”). Big city stores could not have developed unless customers could travel easily from the suburbs and goods delivered to their homes. Big cities could not survive unless food could be brought from a distance.
Transport also prevents waste. Much of the fish landed at the ports would be wasted if it could not be taken quickly to inland towns. Transport has given us a much greater variety of foods and goods since we no longer have to live on what is produced locally. Foods, which at one time could be obtained only during a part of the year, can now be obtained all through the year. Transport has raised the standard of living.
By moving fuel, raw materials, and even power, as, for example, through electric cables, transport has led to the establishment of industries and trade in areas where they would have been impossible before. Districts and countries can concentrate on making things which they can do better and more cheaply than others and can then exchange them with one another. The cheaper and quicker transport becomes, the longer the distance over which goods can profitably be carried. Countries with poor transport have a lower standard of living.
Commerce requires not only the moving of goods and people but also the carrying of messages and information (not only..but also/不仅。。而且。。). Means of communication, like telephones, cables and radio, send information about prices, supplies, and changing conditions in different parts of the world. In this way, advanced communication systems also help to develop trade.
1.Paragraph 2___________ A. Higher living standard
B. Importance of transport in trade
2. Paragraph 3 ___________ C. Various means of transport
D. Birth of transport-related industries and trade
3. Paragraph 4 ___________ E. Role of information in trade
F. public transportation
4. Paragraph 5 ___________
5. The rapid development of trade owed a lot to _____________.
6. It is possible to produce on a large scale provided that goods can be quickly carried to _____________.
7. Transport has made it possible _____________.
8. In the trade of modern society the transmission of information plays as important a role as _____________.
A. a big increase in trade
B. establishing industries and trade anywhere
C. the advancement of transport
D. all parts of the world
E. the transport of goods
F. advanced communication systems