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SCENE III. A hall in the castle.

 

Enter OTHELLO, DESDEMONA, CASSIO, and Attendants

OTHELLO

Good Michael, look you to the guard to-night:
Let's teach ourselves that honourable stop,
Not to outsport discretion.

CASSIO

Iago hath direction what to do;
But, notwithstanding, with my personal eye
Will I look to't.

OTHELLO

Iago is most honest.
Michael, good night: to-morrow with your earliest
Let me have speech with you.

To DESDEMONA

Come, my dear love,
The purchase made, the fruits are to ensue;
That profit's yet to come 'tween me and you.
Good night.

Exeunt OTHELLO, DESDEMONA, and Attendants

Enter IAGO

CASSIO

Welcome, Iago; we must to the watch.

IAGO

Not this hour, lieutenant; 'tis not yet ten o' the
clock. Our general cast us thus early for the love
of his Desdemona; who let us not therefore blame:
he hath not yet made wanton the night with her; and
she is sport for Jove.

CASSIO

She's a most exquisite lady.

IAGO

And, I'll warrant her, fun of game.

CASSIO

Indeed, she's a most fresh and delicate creature.

IAGO

What an eye she has! methinks it sounds a parley of
provocation.

CASSIO

An inviting eye; and yet methinks right modest.

IAGO

And when she speaks, is it not an alarum to love?

CASSIO

She is indeed perfection.

IAGO

Well, happiness to their sheets! Come, lieutenant, I
have a stoup of wine; and here without are a brace
of Cyprus gallants that would fain have a measure to
the health of black Othello.

CASSIO

Not to-night, good Iago: I have very poor and
unhappy brains for drinking: I could well wish
courtesy would invent some other custom of
entertainment.

IAGO

O, they are our friends; but one cup: I'll drink for
you.

CASSIO

I have drunk but one cup to-night, and that was
craftily qualified too, and, behold, what innovation
it makes here: I am unfortunate in the infirmity,
and dare not task my weakness with any more.

IAGO

What, man! 'tis a night of revels: the gallants
desire it.

CASSIO

Where are they?

IAGO

Here at the door; I pray you, call them in.

CASSIO

I'll do't; but it dislikes me.

Exit

IAGO

If I can fasten but one cup upon him,
With that which he hath drunk to-night already,
He'll be as full of quarrel and offence
As my young mistress' dog. Now, my sick fool Roderigo,
Whom love hath turn'd almost the wrong side out,
To Desdemona hath to-night caroused
Potations pottle-deep; and he's to watch:
Three lads of Cyprus, noble swelling spirits,
That hold their honours in a wary distance,
The very elements of this warlike isle,
Have I to-night fluster'd with flowing cups,
And they watch too. Now, 'mongst this flock of drunkards,
Am I to put our Cassio in some action
That may offend the isle.--But here they come:
If consequence do but approve my dream,
My boat sails freely, both with wind and stream.

Re-enter CASSIO; with him MONTANO and Gentlemen; servants following with wine

CASSIO

'Fore God, they have given me a rouse already.

MONTANO

Good faith, a little one; not past a pint, as I am
a soldier.

IAGO

Some wine, ho!

Sings

And let me the canakin clink, clink;
And let me the canakin clink
A soldier's a man;
A life's but a span;
Why, then, let a soldier drink.
Some wine, boys!

CASSIO

'Fore God, an excellent song.

IAGO

I learned it in England, where, indeed, they are
most potent in potting: your Dane, your German, and
your swag-bellied Hollander--Drink, ho!--are nothing
to your English.

CASSIO

Is your Englishman so expert in his drinking?

IAGO

Why, he drinks you, with facility, your Dane dead
drunk; he sweats not to overthrow your Almain; he
gives your Hollander a vomit, ere the next pottle
can be filled.

CASSIO

To the health of our general!

MONTANO

I am for it, lieutenant; and I'll do you justice.

IAGO

O sweet England!
King Stephen was a worthy peer,
His breeches cost him but a crown;
He held them sixpence all too dear,
With that he call'd the tailor lown.
He was a wight of high renown,
And thou art but of low degree:
'Tis pride that pulls the country down;
Then take thine auld cloak about thee.
Some wine, ho!

CASSIO

Why, this is a more exquisite song than the other.

IAGO

Will you hear't again?

CASSIO

No; for I hold him to be unworthy of his place that
does those things. Well, God's above all; and there
be souls must be saved, and there be souls must not be saved.

IAGO

It's true, good lieutenant.

CASSIO

For mine own part,--no offence to the general, nor
any man of quality,--I hope to be saved.

IAGO

And so do I too, lieutenant.

CASSIO

Ay, but, by your leave, not before me; the
lieutenant is to be saved before the ancient. Let's
have no more of this; let's to our affairs.--Forgive
us our sins!--Gentlemen, let's look to our business.
Do not think, gentlemen. I am drunk: this is my
ancient; this is my right hand, and this is my left:
I am not drunk now; I can stand well enough, and
speak well enough.

All

Excellent well.

CASSIO

Why, very well then; you must not think then that I am drunk.

Exit

MONTANO

To the platform, masters; come, let's set the watch.

IAGO

You see this fellow that is gone before;
He is a soldier fit to stand by Caesar
And give direction: and do but see his vice;
'Tis to his virtue a just equinox,
The one as long as the other: 'tis pity of him.
I fear the trust Othello puts him in.
On some odd time of his infirmity,
Will shake this island.

MONTANO

But is he often thus?

IAGO

'Tis evermore the prologue to his sleep:
He'll watch the horologe a double set,
If drink rock not his cradle.

MONTANO

It were well
The general were put in mind of it.
Perhaps he sees it not; or his good nature
Prizes the virtue that appears in Cassio,
And looks not on his evils: is not this true?

Enter RODERIGO

IAGO

[Aside to him] How now, Roderigo!
I pray you, after the lieutenant; go.

Exit RODERIGO

MONTANO

And 'tis great pity that the noble Moor
Should hazard such a place as his own second
With one of an ingraft infirmity:
It were an honest action to say
So to the Moor.

IAGO

Not I, for this fair island:
I do love Cassio well; and would do much
To cure him of this evil--But, hark! what noise?

Cry within: 'Help! help!'

Re-enter CASSIO, driving in RODERIGO

CASSIO

You rogue! you rascal!

MONTANO

What's the matter, lieutenant?

CASSIO

A knave teach me my duty!
I'll beat the knave into a twiggen bottle.

RODERIGO

Beat me!

CASSIO

Dost thou prate, rogue?

Striking RODERIGO

MONTANO

Nay, good lieutenant;

Staying him

I pray you, sir, hold your hand.

CASSIO

Let me go, sir,
Or I'll knock you o'er the mazzard.

MONTANO

Come, come,
you're drunk.

CASSIO

Drunk!

They fight

IAGO

[Aside to RODERIGO] Away, I say; go out, and cry a mutiny.

Exit RODERIGO

Nay, good lieutenant,--alas, gentlemen;--
Help, ho!--Lieutenant,--sir,--Montano,--sir;
Help, masters!--Here's a goodly watch indeed!

Bell rings

Who's that which rings the bell?--Diablo, ho!
The town will rise: God's will, lieutenant, hold!
You will be shamed for ever.

Re-enter OTHELLO and Attendants

OTHELLO

What is the matter here?

MONTANO

'Zounds, I bleed still; I am hurt to the death.

Faints

OTHELLO

Hold, for your lives!

IAGO

Hold, ho! Lieutenant,--sir--Montano,--gentlemen,--
Have you forgot all sense of place and duty?
Hold! the general speaks to you; hold, hold, for shame!

OTHELLO

Why, how now, ho! from whence ariseth this?
Are we turn'd Turks, and to ourselves do that
Which heaven hath forbid the Ottomites?
For Christian shame, put by this barbarous brawl:
He that stirs next to carve for his own rage
Holds his soul light; he dies upon his motion.
Silence that dreadful bell: it frights the isle
From her propriety. What is the matter, masters?
Honest Iago, that look'st dead with grieving,
Speak, who began this? on thy love, I charge thee.

IAGO

I do not know: friends all but now, even now,
In quarter, and in terms like bride and groom
Devesting them for bed; and then, but now--
As if some planet had unwitted men--
Swords out, and tilting one at other's breast,
In opposition bloody. I cannot speak
Any beginning to this peevish odds;
And would in action glorious I had lost
Those legs that brought me to a part of it!

OTHELLO

How comes it, Michael, you are thus forgot?

CASSIO

I pray you, pardon me; I cannot speak.

OTHELLO

Worthy Montano, you were wont be civil;
The gravity and stillness of your youth
The world hath noted, and your name is great
In mouths of wisest censure: what's the matter,
That you unlace your reputation thus
And spend your rich opinion for the name
Of a night-brawler? give me answer to it.

MONTANO

Worthy Othello, I am hurt to danger:
Your officer, Iago, can inform you,--
While I spare speech, which something now
offends me,--
Of all that I do know: nor know I aught
By me that's said or done amiss this night;
Unless self-charity be sometimes a vice,
And to defend ourselves it be a sin
When violence assails us.

OTHELLO

Now, by heaven,
My blood begins my safer guides to rule;
And passion, having my best judgment collied,
Assays to lead the way: if I once stir,
Or do but lift this arm, the best of you
Shall sink in my rebuke. Give me to know
How this foul rout began, who set it on;
And he that is approved in this offence,
Though he had twinn'd with me, both at a birth,
Shall lose me. What! in a town of war,
Yet wild, the people's hearts brimful of fear,
To manage private and domestic quarrel,
In night, and on the court and guard of safety!
'Tis monstrous. Iago, who began't?

MONTANO

If partially affined, or leagued in office,
Thou dost deliver more or less than truth,
Thou art no soldier.

IAGO

Touch me not so near:
I had rather have this tongue cut from my mouth
Than it should do offence to Michael Cassio;
Yet, I persuade myself, to speak the truth
Shall nothing wrong him. Thus it is, general.
Montano and myself being in speech,
There comes a fellow crying out for help:
And Cassio following him with determined sword,
To execute upon him. Sir, this gentleman
Steps in to Cassio, and entreats his pause:
Myself the crying fellow did pursue,
Lest by his clamour--as it so fell out--
The town might fall in fright: he, swift of foot,
Outran my purpose; and I return'd the rather
For that I heard the clink and fall of swords,
And Cassio high in oath; which till to-night
I ne'er might say before. When I came back--
For this was brief--I found them close together,
At blow and thrust; even as again they were
When you yourself did part them.
More of this matter cannot I report:
But men are men; the best sometimes forget:
Though Cassio did some little wrong to him,
As men in rage strike those that wish them best,
Yet surely Cassio, I believe, received
From him that fled some strange indignity,
Which patience could not pass.

OTHELLO

I know, Iago,
Thy honesty and love doth mince this matter,
Making it light to Cassio. Cassio, I love thee
But never more be officer of mine.

Re-enter DESDEMONA, attended

Look, if my gentle love be not raised up!
I'll make thee an example.

DESDEMONA

What's the matter?

OTHELLO

All's well now, sweeting; come away to bed.
Sir, for your hurts, myself will be your surgeon:
Lead him off.

To MONTANO, who is led off

Iago, look with care about the town,
And silence those whom this vile brawl distracted.
Come, Desdemona: 'tis the soldiers' life
To have their balmy slumbers waked with strife.

Exeunt all but IAGO and CASSIO

IAGO

What, are you hurt, lieutenant?

CASSIO

Ay, past all surgery.

IAGO

Marry, heaven forbid!

CASSIO

Reputation, reputation, reputation! O, I have lost
my reputation! I have lost the immortal part of
myself, and what remains is bestial. My reputation,
Iago, my reputation!

IAGO

As I am an honest man, I thought you had received
some bodily wound; there is more sense in that than
in reputation. Reputation is an idle and most false
imposition: oft got without merit, and lost without
deserving: you have lost no reputation at all,
unless you repute yourself such a loser. What, man!
there are ways to recover the general again: you
are but now cast in his mood, a punishment more in
policy than in malice, even so as one would beat his
offenceless dog to affright an imperious lion: sue
to him again, and he's yours.

CASSIO

I will rather sue to be despised than to deceive so
good a commander with so slight, so drunken, and so
indiscreet an officer. Drunk? and speak parrot?
and squabble? swagger? swear? and discourse
fustian with one's own shadow? O thou invisible
spirit of wine, if thou hast no name to be known by,
let us call thee devil!

IAGO

What was he that you followed with your sword? What
had he done to you?

CASSIO

I know not.

IAGO

Is't possible?

CASSIO

I remember a mass of things, but nothing distinctly;
a quarrel, but nothing wherefore. O God, that men
should put an enemy in their mouths to steal away
their brains! that we should, with joy, pleasance
revel and applause, transform ourselves into beasts!

IAGO

Why, but you are now well enough: how came you thus
recovered?

CASSIO

It hath pleased the devil drunkenness to give place
to the devil wrath; one unperfectness shows me
another, to make me frankly despise myself.

IAGO

Come, you are too severe a moraler: as the time,
the place, and the condition of this country
stands, I could heartily wish this had not befallen;
but, since it is as it is, mend it for your own good.

CASSIO

I will ask him for my place again; he shall tell me
I am a drunkard! Had I as many mouths as Hydra,
such an answer would stop them all. To be now a
sensible man, by and by a fool, and presently a
beast! O strange! Every inordinate cup is
unblessed and the ingredient is a devil.

IAGO

Come, come, good wine is a good familiar creature,
if it be well used: exclaim no more against it.
And, good lieutenant, I think you think I love you.

CASSIO

I have well approved it, sir. I drunk!

IAGO

You or any man living may be drunk! at a time, man.
I'll tell you what you shall do. Our general's wife
is now the general: may say so in this respect, for
that he hath devoted and given up himself to the
contemplation, mark, and denotement of her parts and
graces: confess yourself freely to her; importune
her help to put you in your place again: she is of
so free, so kind, so apt, so blessed a disposition,
she holds it a vice in her goodness not to do more
than she is requested: this broken joint between
you and her husband entreat her to splinter; and, my
fortunes against any lay worth naming, this
crack of your love shall grow stronger than it was before.

CASSIO

You advise me well.

IAGO

I protest, in the sincerity of love and honest kindness.

CASSIO

I think it freely; and betimes in the morning I will
beseech the virtuous Desdemona to undertake for me:
I am desperate of my fortunes if they cheque me here.

IAGO

You are in the right. Good night, lieutenant; I
must to the watch.
CASSIO: Good night, honest Iago.

Exit

IAGO

And what's he then that says I play the villain?
When this advice is free I give and honest,
Probal to thinking and indeed the course
To win the Moor again? For 'tis most easy
The inclining Desdemona to subdue
In any honest suit: she's framed as fruitful
As the free elements. And then for her
To win the Moor--were't to renounce his baptism,
All seals and symbols of redeemed sin,
His soul is so enfetter'd to her love,
That she may make, unmake, do what she list,
Even as her appetite shall play the god
With his weak function. How am I then a villain
To counsel Cassio to this parallel course,
Directly to his good? Divinity of hell!
When devils will the blackest sins put on,
They do suggest at first with heavenly shows,
As I do now: for whiles this honest fool
Plies Desdemona to repair his fortunes
And she for him pleads strongly to the Moor,
I'll pour this pestilence into his ear,
That she repeals him for her body's lust;
And by how much she strives to do him good,
She shall undo her credit with the Moor.
So will I turn her virtue into pitch,
And out of her own goodness make the net
That shall enmesh them all.

Re-enter RODERIGO

How now, Roderigo!

RODERIGO

I do follow here in the chase, not like a hound that
hunts, but one that fills up the cry. My money is
almost spent; I have been to-night exceedingly well
cudgelled; and I think the issue will be, I shall
have so much experience for my pains, and so, with
no money at all and a little more wit, return again to Venice.

IAGO

How poor are they that have not patience!
What wound did ever heal but by degrees?
Thou know'st we work by wit, and not by witchcraft;
And wit depends on dilatory time.
Does't not go well? Cassio hath beaten thee.
And thou, by that small hurt, hast cashier'd Cassio:
Though other things grow fair against the sun,
Yet fruits that blossom first will first be ripe:
Content thyself awhile. By the mass, 'tis morning;
Pleasure and action make the hours seem short.
Retire thee; go where thou art billeted:
Away, I say; thou shalt know more hereafter:
Nay, get thee gone.

Exit RODERIGO

Two things are to be done:
My wife must move for Cassio to her mistress;
I'll set her on;
Myself the while to draw the Moor apart,
And bring him jump when he may Cassio find
Soliciting his wife: ay, that's the way
Dull not device by coldness and delay.

Exit

奥赛罗、苔丝狄蒙娜、凯西奥及侍从等上。

奥赛罗好迈克尔,今天请你留心警备;我们必须随时谨慎,免得因为纵乐无度而肇成意外。

凯西奥我已经吩咐伊阿古怎样办了,我自己也要亲自督察照看。

奥赛罗伊阿古是个忠实可靠的汉子。迈克尔,晚安;明天你一早就来见我,我有话要跟你说。(向苔丝狄蒙娜)来,我的爱人,我们已经把彼此心身互相交换,愿今后花开结果,恩情美满。晚安!(奥赛罗、苔丝狄蒙娜及侍从等下。)

伊阿古上。

凯西奥欢迎,伊阿古;我们该守夜去了。

伊阿古时候还早哪,副将;现在还不到十点钟。咱们主帅因为舍不得他的新夫人,所以这么早就打发我们出去;可是我们也怪不得他,他还没有跟她真个销魂,而她这个人,任是天神见了也要动心的。

凯西奥她是一位人间无比的佳人。

伊阿古我可以担保她迷男人的一套功夫可好着呢。

凯西奥她的确是一个娇艳可爱的女郎。

伊阿古她的眼睛多么迷人!简直在向人挑战。

凯西奥一双动人的眼睛;可是却有一种端庄贞静的神气。

伊阿古她说话的时候,不就是爱情的警报吗?

凯西奥她真是十全十美。

伊阿古好,愿他们被窝里快乐!来,副将,我还有一瓶酒;外面有两个塞浦路斯的军官,要想为黑将军祝饮一杯。

凯西奥今夜可不能奉陪了,好伊阿古。我一喝了酒,头脑就会糊涂起来。我希望有人能够发明在宾客欢会的时候,用另外一种方法招待他们。

伊阿古啊,他们都是我们的朋友;喝一杯吧——我也可以代你喝。

凯西奥我今晚只喝了一杯,就是那一杯也被我偷偷地冲了些水,可是你看我这张脸,成个什么样子。我知道自己的弱点,实在不敢再多喝了。

伊阿古嗳哟,朋友!这是一个狂欢的良夜,不要让那些军官们扫兴吧。

凯西奥他们在什么地方?

伊阿古就在这儿门外;请你去叫他们进来吧。

凯西奥我去就去,可是我心里是不愿意的。(下。)

伊阿古他今晚已经喝过了一些酒,我只要再灌他一杯下去,他就会像小狗一样到处惹事生非。我们那位为情憔悴的傻瓜罗德利哥今晚为了苔丝狄蒙娜也喝了几大杯的酒,我已经派他守夜了。还有三个心性高傲、重视荣誉的塞浦路斯少年,都是这座尚武的岛上数一数二的人物,我也把他们灌得酩酊大醉;他们今晚也是要守夜的。在这一群醉汉中间,我要叫我们这位凯西奥干出一些可以激动这岛上公愤的事来。可是他们来了。要是结果真就像我所梦想的,我这条顺风船儿顺流而下,前程可远大呢。

凯西奥率蒙太诺及军官等重上:众仆持酒后随。

凯西奥上帝可以作证,他们已经灌了我一满杯啦。

蒙太诺真的,只是小小的一杯,顶多也不过一品脱的分量;我是一个军人,从来不会说谎的。

伊阿古喂,酒来!(唱)

一瓶一瓶复一瓶,

饮酒击瓶玎璫鸣。

我为军人岂无情,

人命倏忽如烟云,

聊持杯酒遣浮生。

孩子们,酒来!

凯西奥好一支歌儿!

伊阿古这一支歌是我在英国学来的。英国人的酒量才厉害呢;什么丹麦人、德国人、大肚子的荷兰人——酒来!——比起英国人来都算不了什么。

凯西奥英国人果然这样善于喝酒吗?

伊阿古嘿,他会不动声色地把丹麦人灌得烂醉如泥,面不流汗地把德国人灌得不省人事,还没有倒满下一杯,那荷兰人已经呕吐狼藉了。

凯西奥祝我们的主帅健康!

蒙太诺赞成,副将,您喝我也喝。

伊阿古啊,可爱的英格兰!(唱)

英明天子斯蒂芬,

做条袴子五百文;

硬说多花钱六个,

就把裁缝骂一顿。

王爷大名天下传,

你这小子是何人?

骄奢虚荣亡了国,

不如旧衣披在身。

喂,酒来!

凯西奥呃,这支歌比方才唱的那一支更好听了。

伊阿古你要再听一遍吗?

凯西奥不,因为我认为他这样地位的人做出这种事来,是有失体统的。好,上帝在我们头上,有的灵魂必须得救,有的灵魂就不能得救。

伊阿古对了,副将。

凯西奥讲到我自己——我并没有冒犯我们主帅或是无论哪一位大人物的意思——我是希望能够得救的。

伊阿古我也这样希望,副将。

凯西奥嗯,可是,对不起,你不能比我先得救;副将得救了,然后才是旗官得救。咱们别提这种话啦,还是去干我们的公事吧。上帝赦免我们的罪恶!各位先生,我们不要忘记了我们的事情。不要以为我是醉了,各位先生。这是我的旗官;这是我的右手,这是我的左手。我现在并没有醉;我站得很稳,我说话也很清楚。

众人非常清楚。

凯西奥那么很好;你们可不要以为我醉了。(下。)

蒙太诺各位朋友,来,我们到露台上守望去。

伊阿古你们看刚才出去的这一个人;讲到指挥三军的才能,他可以和凯撒争一日之雄;可是你们瞧他这一种酗酒的样子,它正好和他的长处互相抵销。我真为他可惜!我怕奥赛罗对他如此信任,也许有一天会被他误了大事,使全岛大受震动的。

蒙太诺可是他常常是这样的吗?

伊阿古他喝醉了酒总要睡觉;要是没有酒替他催眠,他可以一昼夜睡不着觉。

蒙太诺这种情形应该向元帅提起;也许他没有觉察,也许他秉性仁恕,因为看重凯西奥的才能而忽略了他的短处。这句话对不对?

罗德利哥上。

伊阿古(向罗德利哥旁白)怎么,罗德利哥!你快追到那副将后面去吧;去。(罗德利哥下。)

蒙太诺这高贵的摩尔人竟会让一个染上这种恶癖的人做他的辅佐,真是一件令人抱憾的事。谁能够老实对他这样说,才是一个正直的汉子。

伊阿古即使把这一座大好的岛送给我,我也不愿意说;我很爱凯西奥,要是有办法,我愿意尽力帮助他除去这一种恶癖。可是听!什么声音?(内呼声:“救命!救命!”)

凯西奥驱罗德利哥重上。

凯西奥混蛋!狗贼!

蒙太诺什么事,副将?

凯西奥一个混蛋竟敢教训起我来!我要把这混蛋打进一只瓶子里去。

罗德利哥打我!

凯西奥你还要利嘴吗,狗贼?(打罗德利哥。)

蒙太诺(拉凯西奥)不,副将,请您住手。

凯西奥放开我,先生,否则我要一拳打到你的头上来了。

蒙太诺得啦,得啦,你醉了。

凯西奥醉了!(与蒙太诺斗。)

伊阿古(向罗德利哥旁白)快走!到外边去高声嚷叫,说是出了乱子啦。(罗德利哥下)不,副将!天哪,各位!喂,来人!副将!蒙太诺!帮帮忙,各位朋友!这算是守的什么夜呀!(钟鸣)谁在那儿打钟?该死!全市的人都要起来了。天哪!副将,住手!你的脸要从此丢尽啦。

奥赛罗及侍从等重上。

奥赛罗这儿出了什么事情?

蒙太诺他妈的!我的血流个不停;我受了重伤啦。

奥赛罗要活命的快住手!

伊阿古喂,住手,副将!蒙太诺!各位!你们忘记你们的地位和责任了吗?住手!主帅在对你们说话;还不住手!

奥赛罗怎么,怎么!为什么闹起来的?难道我们都变成野蛮人了吗?上天不许土耳其人来打我们,我们倒自相残杀起来了吗?为了基督徒的面子,停止这场粗暴的争吵;谁要是一味呕气,再敢动一动,他就是看轻他自己的灵魂,他一举手我就叫他死。叫他们不要打那可怕的钟;它会扰乱岛上的人心。各位,究竟是怎么一回事?正直的伊阿古,瞧你懊恼得脸色惨淡,告诉我,谁开始这场争闹的?凭着你的忠心,老实对我说。

伊阿古我不知道;刚才还是好好的朋友,像正在宽衣解带的新夫妇一般相亲相爱,一下子就好像受到什么星光的刺激,迷失了他们的本性,大家竟然拔出剑来,向彼此的胸前直刺过去,拚个你死我活了。我说不出这场任性的争吵是怎么开始的;只怪我这双腿不曾在光荣的战阵上失去,那么我也不会踏进这种是非中间了!

奥赛罗迈克尔,你怎么会这样忘记你自己的身份?

凯西奥请您原谅我;我没有话可说。

奥赛罗尊贵的蒙太诺,您一向是个温文知礼的人,您的少年端庄为举世所钦佩,在贤人君子之间,您有很好的名声;为什么您会这样自贬身价,牺牲您的宝贵的名誉,让人家说您是个在深更半夜里酗酒闹事的家伙?给我一个回答。

蒙太诺尊贵的奥赛罗,我伤得很厉害,不能多说话;您的贵部下伊阿古可以告诉您我所知道的一切。其实我也不知道我在今夜说错了什么话或是做错了什么事,除非自重自爱有时会成了过失,在暴力侵凌的时候,自卫是一桩罪恶。

奥赛罗苍天在上,我现在可再也遏制不住我的怒气了;我的血气蒙蔽了清明的理性,叫我只知道凭着冲动的感情行事。我只要动一动,或是举一举这一只胳臂,就可以叫你们中间最有本领的人在我的一怒之下丧失了生命。让我知道这一场可耻的骚扰是怎么开始的,谁是最初肇起事端来的人;要是证实了哪一个人是启衅的罪魁,即使他是我的孪生兄弟,我也不能放过他。什么!一个新遭战乱的城市,秩序还没有恢复,人民的心里充满了恐惧,你们却在深更半夜,在全岛治安所系的所在为了私人间的细故争吵起来!岂有此理!伊阿古,谁是肇事的人?

蒙太诺你要是意存偏袒,或是同僚相护,所说的话和事实不尽符合,你就不是个军人。

伊阿古不要这样逼我;我宁愿割下自己的舌头,也不愿让它说迈克尔·凯西奥的坏话;可是事已如此,我想说老实话也不算对不起他。是这样的,主帅:蒙太诺跟我正在谈话,忽然跑进一个人来高呼救命,后面跟着凯西奥,杀气腾腾地提着剑,好像一定要杀死他才甘心似的;那时候这位先生就挺身前去拦住凯西奥,请他息怒;我自己追赶那个叫喊的人,因为恐怕他在外边大惊小怪,扰乱人心——后来果然不出我所料;可是他跑得快,我追不上,又听见背后刀剑碰撞和凯西奥高声咒骂的声音,所以就回来了;我从来没有听见他这样骂过人;我本来追得不远,一转身就看见他们在这儿你一刀、我一剑地厮杀得难解难分,正像您到来喝开他们的时候一样。我所能报告的就是这几句话。人总是人,圣贤也有错误的时候;一个人在愤怒之中,就是好朋友也会翻脸不认。虽然凯西奥给了他一点小小的伤害,可是我相信凯西奥一定从那逃走的家伙手里受到什么奇耻大辱,所以才会动起那么大的火性来的。

奥赛罗伊阿古,我知道你的忠实和义气,你把这件事情轻描淡写,替凯西奥减轻他的罪名。凯西奥,你是我的好朋友,可是从此以后,你不是我的部属了。

苔丝狄蒙娜率侍从重上。

奥赛罗瞧!我的温柔的爱人也给你们吵醒了!(向凯西奥)我要拿你做一个榜样。

苔丝狄蒙娜什么事?

奥赛罗现在一切都没事了,亲爱的;去睡吧。先生,您受的伤我愿意亲自替您医治。把他扶出去。(侍从扶蒙太诺下)伊阿古,你去巡视市街,安定安定受惊的人心。来,苔丝狄蒙娜;难圆的是军人的好梦,才合眼又被杀声惊动。(除伊阿古、凯西奥外均下。)

伊阿古什么!副将,你受伤了吗?

凯西奥嗯,我的伤是无药可救的了。

伊阿古嗳哟,上天保佑没有这样的事!

凯西奥名誉,名誉,名誉!啊,我的名誉已经一败涂地了!我已经失去我的生命中不死的一部分,留下来的也就跟畜生没有分别了。我的名誉,伊阿古,我的名誉!

伊阿古我是个老实人,我还以为你受到了什么身体上的伤害,那是比名誉的损失痛苦得多的。名誉是一件无聊的骗人的东西!得到它的人未必有什么功德,失去它的人也未必有什么过失。你的名誉仍旧是好端端的,除非你自以为它已经扫地了。嘿,朋友,你要恢复主帅对你的欢心,尽有办法呢。你现在不过一时遭逢他的恼怒;他给你的这一种处分,与其说是表示对你的不满,还不如说是遮掩世人耳目的政策,正像有人为了吓退一头凶恶的狮子而故意鞭打他的驯良的狗一样。你只要向他恳求恳求,他一定会回心转意的。

凯西奥我宁愿恳求他唾弃我,也不愿蒙蔽他的聪明,让这样一位贤能的主帅手下有这么一个酗酒放荡的不肖将校。纵饮无度!胡言乱道!吵架!吹牛!赌咒!跟自己的影子说些废话!啊,你空虚缥缈的旨酒的精灵,要是你还没有一个名字,让我们叫你做魔鬼吧!

伊阿古你提着剑追逐不舍的那个人是谁?他怎么冒犯了你?

凯西奥我不知道。

伊阿古你怎么会不知道?

凯西奥我记得一大堆的事情,可是全都是模模糊糊的;我记得跟人家吵起来,可是不知道为了什么。上帝啊!人们居然会把一个仇敌放进自己的嘴里,让它偷去他们的头脑!我们居然会在欢天喜地之中,把自己变成了畜生!

伊阿古可是你现在已经很清醒了;你怎么会明白过来的?

凯西奥气鬼一上了身,酒鬼就自动退让;一件过失引起了第二件过失,简直使我自己也瞧不起自己了。

伊阿古得啦,你也太认真了。照此时此地的环境说起来,我但愿没有这种事情发生;可是既然事已如此,替自己谋算个好办法吧。

凯西奥我要向他请求恢复我的原职;他会对我说我是一个酒棍!即使我有一百张嘴,这样一个答复也会把它们一起封住。现在还是一个清清楚楚的人,不一会儿就变成个傻子,然后立刻就变成一头畜生!啊,奇怪!每一杯过量的酒都是魔鬼酿成的毒汁。

伊阿古算了,算了,好酒只要不滥喝,也是一个很好的伙伴;你也不用咒骂它了。副将,我想你一定把我当作一个好朋友看待。

凯西奥我很信任你的友谊。我醉了!

伊阿古朋友,一个人有时候多喝了几杯,也是免不了的。让我告诉你一个办法。我们主帅的夫人现在是我们真正的主帅;我可以这样说,因为他心里只念着她的好处,眼睛里只看见她的可爱。你只要在她面前坦白忏悔,恳求恳求她,她一定会帮助你官复原职。她的性情是那么慷慨仁慈,那么体贴人心,人家请她出十分力,她要是没有出到十二分,就觉得好像对不起人似的。你请她替你弥缝弥缝你跟她的丈夫之间的这一道裂痕,我可以拿我的全部财产打赌,你们的交情一定反而会因此格外加强的。

凯西奥你的主意出得很好。

伊阿古我发誓这一种意思完全出于一片诚心。

凯西奥我充分信任你的善意;明天一早我就请求贤德的苔丝狄蒙娜替我尽力说情。要是我在这儿给他们革退了,我的前途也就从此毁了。

伊阿古你说得对。晚安,副将;我还要守夜去呢。

凯西奥晚安,正直的伊阿古!(下。)

伊阿古谁说我作事奸恶?我贡献给他的这番意见,不是光明正大、很合理,而且的确是挽回这摩尔人的心意的最好办法吗?只要是正当的请求,苔丝狄蒙娜总是有求必应的;她的为人是再慷慨、再热心不过的了。至于叫她去说动这摩尔人,更是不费吹灰之力;他的灵魂已经完全成为她的爱情的俘虏,无论她要做什么事,或是把已经做成的事重新推翻,即使叫他抛弃他的信仰和一切得救的希望,他也会惟命是从,让她的喜恶主宰他的无力反抗的身心。我既然凑合着凯西奥的心意,向他指示了这一条对他有利的方策,谁还能说我是个恶人呢?佛面蛇心的鬼魅!恶魔往往用神圣的外表,引诱世人干最恶的罪行,正像我现在所用的手段一样;因为当这个老实的呆子恳求苔丝狄蒙娜为他转圜,当她竭力在那摩尔人面前替他说情的时候,我就要用毒药灌进那摩尔人的耳中,说是她所以要运动凯西奥复职,只是为了恋奸情热的缘故。这样她越是忠于所托,越是会加强那摩尔人的猜疑;我就利用她的善良的心肠污毁她的名誉,让他们一个个都落进了我的罗网之中。

罗德利哥重上。

伊阿古啊,罗德利哥!

罗德利哥我跟着大伙儿赶到这儿来,不像一头追寻狐兔的猎狗,倒像是替你们凑凑热闹的。我的钱也差不多花光了,今夜我还挨了一顿痛打;我想这番教训,大概就是我费去不少辛苦换来的代价了。现在我的钱囊已经空空如也,我的头脑里总算增加了一点智慧,我要回威尼斯去了。

伊阿古没有耐性的人是多么可怜!什么伤口不是慢慢地平复起来的?你知道我们干事情全赖计谋,并不是用的魔法;用计谋就必须等待时机成熟。一切不是进行得很顺利吗?凯西奥固然把你打了一顿,可是你受了一点小小的痛苦,已经使凯西奥把官职都丢了。虽然在太阳光底下,各种草木都欣欣向荣,可是最先开花的果子总是最先成熟。你安心点儿吧。嗳哟,天已经亮啦;又是喝酒,又是打架,闹哄哄的就让时间飞过去了。你去吧,回到你的宿舍里去;去吧,有什么消息我再来告诉你;去吧。(罗德利哥)我还要做两件事情:第一是叫我的妻子在她的女主人面前替凯西奥说两句好话;我就去怂恿她;同时我就去设法把那摩尔人骗开,等到凯西奥去向他的妻子请求的时候,再让他亲眼看见这幕把戏。好,言之有理;不要迁延不决,耽误了锦囊妙计。(下。)