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181. demand sth. of sb. 向某人要求(非物质的)东西. demand sth. from sb. 向某人要求(物质的)东西
182.in demand有需求;on demand受到要求时
183. be dependent on 依靠
184. deprive sb. of sth. 剥夺某人某物
185. derive…from(=obtain…from)从…取得,由…来的.derive from(=come from)起源于
186. despair of (=lose all hope of) 绝望
187. in despair 绝望
188. despite (=in spite of) 不管, 尽管
189. in detail 详细地
190. deviate from 偏离, 不按…办
191. on a diet 吃某种特殊饮食, 节食
192. differ from…in  与…的区别在于…
193. in difficulties…有困难,处境困难,
194. discharge sb. (from)…for (=dismiss sb. from a job for) 因…解雇, 开除
195. fall back (=retreat, turn back) 撤退;   in disorder 慌乱地, 狼狈不堪
196. on display(=being shown publicly)陈列
197. dispose of (=get rid of ,throw away)处理掉
198. beyond dispute不容争议的,无可争议
199. in dispute 在争议中
200. in the distance 在远处. make out 辩认出
201. (be) distinct from ( = be different from)   与…截然不同
202. distinguish between (=make or recognize differences) 辨别
203. distinguish…from 把…与…区别开
204. do away with(=get rid of) 除去,废除,取消; do away with (=kill) 杀掉, 镇压
205. have…to do with 与…有关系
206. without doubt (=undoubtedly)无可置疑地
207. in doubt(=in a condition of uncertainty)对…表示疑惑
208. be due to 是由于
209. come off duty 下班
210. go on duty 上班
211. be on duty 值班, 值日, 在上班时
212. be in duty bound to (do) (=be required by one's job or esp. by conscience) 有义务(做)
213. be eager for 想得到, 盼望
214. by ear (=play music from memory without having seen it printed) 凭记忆,不看乐谱
215. have an ear for (=have keen recognition of sounds esp. in music and language)对..有鉴赏力
216. a word in one's ear 私房话, 秘密话
217. on earth 究竟, 到底, 全然
218. with ease ( = easily) 容易, 不费力

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219. at (one's) ease ( = without worry or nervousness) 自在,不拘束
220. put sb. at his / her ease (=free sb. from worry or nervousness)使某人感到无拘束
221. economize on (=save sth. instead of being wasteful) 节省
222. have an effect on 对…有影响
223. be in effect (=be in operation) 有效
224. go into effect 生效. ( 近: come into effect; take effect;  be brought into effect)
225. in effect (=in fact, really) 实际上
226. give effect to (=carry out) 实行,使…生效
227. to no effect 不起作用,没有取得任何效果
228. (be) of no effect (=useless) 无效
229. to the effect that 大意是…,主要内容是…
230. to that effect 是那个意思的…
231. emerge from ( =appear, become known ) 出现, 暴露(问题. 意见等)
232. place(or put, lay) an emphasis on 强调, 把重点放在…上
233. encourage sb. in 鼓励; encourage sb. in his/her work 鼓励某人工作; encourage sb. in his/her idleness 怂恿某人游手好闲
234. encourage sb. in …with sth. 用…鼓励某人做某事
235. on end (=continuously) 连续地
236. (be) at an end (=finished) 结束了
237. no end of (=very many/much) 很多,大量
238. in the end (=finally, eventually) 最终
239. at one's wit's end (=not knowing what to do or to say) 无法可想, 智穷计尽
240. end up with 以…而结束
241. come to and end (=finish) 结束
242. end in 以…为结束
243. engage in 或 be engaged in 忙于,从事
244. enter for (=put the name on a list for)    报名参加
245. enter into (=begin) 开始(谈话, 谈判等)
246. enter on / upon (=begin) 开始 (一个时代. 一种生涯. 一段任期等)
247. be entitled to (=be given the right to do sth.)有权…,有资格…
248. be equal to 等于
249. be/ feel equal to (=have enough strength, ability etc.)  (某人)能胜任,能应付 on equal terms(=on and equal footing)平等地
250. be equipped with 装备有,装有
251. (be) equivalent to(=equal in value, amount, meaning) 相等于, 相当于
252. in essence (=in its/one's nature) 本质上
253. at all events  (=in spite of everything, in any case) 不论怎样, 无论如何
254. in any event (=whatever happens in the future) 无论如何, 不管(将来)怎么样
255. in the event that(=if) 假如, 如果. in the event 结果, 实际情况是(常与but连用)
256. in the event of(=in case of)万一,即使发生..时
257. except 除…以外; besides 除…以外还有..
258. except (=but) 除了。
259. except for (=apart from) 除…以外
260. (an) exception to  …的例外
261. with the exception of (=except, apart from) 除去…., 除…以外
262. in excess of (=more than) 超过
263. exchange…for  以…交换
264. exclusive of (=not taking into account; without) 不包括
265. in excuse of  作为…的借口
266. exert…on…  对…施加…
267. exert oneself to do sth. 努力,使劲
268. come into existence (=begin to exist)开始存在; come into use开始使用; come into effect开始运转; come into fashion开始时新; come into action开始行动; come into power开始执政; come into sight进入视野;come into blossom开花;
269. (be) in existence存在 come into existence 出现
270. expect…of  在…期望…
271. at the expense of在损害…情况下,以…为牺牲
272. expose…to…使暴露于…, 使…受(危险,风险)
273. be exposed to…  面临…, 受到….
274. beyond expression (=in a manner that cannot be expressed) 无法形容, 说不出的
275. give expression to 表达, 表现    find expression in  表现
276. to …extent  在…程度上
277. in the extreme (= extremely) 极其
278. look sb. in the eye 正视, 打量(某人)
279. close (shut) one's eyes to不理会,视而不见
280. in one's mind's eye 在心目中, 在想象中
281. in the twinkling of an eye 一眨眼,转眼间
282. keep an eye on(=keep a watch on)照看,监视
283. in the eyes of /in one's eyes ( = in the judgment of ) 在某人看来, 在某人眼里
284. on the face of it (=judging by what one can see) 表面看来
285. in the face of 面对着(困难等情况)
286. in one's face当着某人的面; face to faced面对面; face up to 大胆面向
287. fail in (=be unsuccessful in) 失败
288. in good faith(=honestly, sincerely) 真诚地
289. keep faith with 对…守信用
290. lose faith in  对…失去信心
291. on faith 毫无怀疑地, 依赖地
292. faithful to (=loyal to) 对…忠诚
293. fall into the habit (of) 养成…习惯
294. fall short of (=fail to reach a desired result, standard, etc.) 没达到, 低于
295. familiar with 熟悉,了解
296. have a fancy for ( =like sth. without the help of reason) (没有道理地)喜欢, 想要
297. take a fancy to (=become fond of) 喜欢
298. by far 远, 非常 (与比较级或最高级连用)
299. far from 远远不是
300. far from 非但不…(而且)