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说文解字活背英文单词之四 钱到哪里去了?

来源:  日期:2008-02-25 07:15  阅读 3606 次  作者:   划词  进入论坛  投稿

你可知道在英语中为何以事件第一次发生用 " occur "、「再度发生」用 " recur "、两件事「同时发生」用 " concur "吗?

你可曾花了大把时间与精力追逐金钱,结果还是让它给「跑掉」(run away)了?果真如此,请别难过,除了检讨自己的个性与计划之外,更要了解金钱的属性。在英文中用于商业交易的主要工具---货币、通货,称为" currency ",它的主要部分为字首的 " cur ",这是一个拉丁字根,其意为 " run "、 " running "(奔跑、逃跑),也就是不断由一个人手中跑到另一个人手里,追得上吗?难怪闽南俗语说「人两脚、钱四脚」了。此外 " cur " 也有「浮现」、「发生」之意,例如 " recur " 就是「再度发生」的意思。

明白 " cur " 这个字根的含意,我们就可顺利掌握下列相关字汇的语意了,例如:
1. occur ﹝ ﹞v. (oc + cur = to + to run = to run to)发生;想起(此一定义只限用于to occur to someone 的句型中,如例句2);出现
2. recur ﹝ ﹞v. ( re + cur = again + to run = to run again)再发生;再现;复发
3. recurrent ﹝ ﹞adj. 再发生的;复发的
4. concur﹝ ﹞v.( con + cur = together + to run = to run together)同时发生;同意
5. currency ﹝ ﹞n.( cur = to run)通货,货币,流通
6. current ﹝ ﹞adj.; n. 流通的;当前的;现在的;海流;趋势
7. curriculum﹝ ﹞n. (cur = to run)课程(即学生拿到学位前必须跑完的路程)
8. discourse ﹝ ﹞n.;v.(dis + cur = apart + to run = to run about here and there)论文;论述(原意为这点说一说,那点谈一谈)
9. precursor ﹝ ﹞n.( pre + cur = before + to run = to run before)先驱;预兆
10. cursory﹝ ﹞adj.(cur = to run)匆忙的;粗略草率的(原意为奔驰太快以致无暇细看的)

接下来我们要做的是:Let the words listed above run into daily life!(让上列字汇溶入日常生活中!)

1. The accident occurred at 3:30 p.m.
这个事故发生在下午三点半.
2. The idea of giving up never occurred to me.
我从没有想到要放弃.
3. My grandmother's illness is likely to recur.
我奶奶的病有可能再复发.
4. There are recurrent spelling mistakes in your compositions.
你的作文中有重覆出现的拼字错误.
5. My political views concur with yours.
我的政治观点跟你的一致.
6. They buy and sell foreign currencies.
他们经营外币买卖.
7. This is my current address.
这是我目前的地址.
8. I gave a discourse on educational reformation.
我作了一项有关教育改革的论述.
9. My hands were full, so I just gave the book a cursory reading.
我忙得不可开交,所以只把这本书大略看了一下.

转贴于:24EN.COM

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