爱思英语编者按:北京时间2016年6月11日03:00起,你身边是不是就有那么一群人,他们囤积食粮,昼伏夜出,他们时而欢呼,时而叹息……他们此时都有一个名字:

球迷football fans~

因为,欧洲杯来了!

欧洲杯由欧洲足球协会联盟Union of European Football Associations,UEFA)管理,2016年法国欧洲杯(2016 UEFA European Championship,UEFA Euro 2016)正在火热进行。

不管你是不是球迷,你都可以Get下面这些球赛相关的表达,最起码不至于在遇到球迷的时候根本无法愉快地交(tu)谈(cao)嘛~

要开启正确的吐槽模式,首先你得要过一遍下面这些词儿:

场地名称篇
field / pitch 足球场
midfield 中场
backfield 后场
kickoff circle / center circle 中圈
halfway line 中线
touchline / sideline 边线
goal line 球门线
end line 底线
penalty mark (点球)罚球点
penalty area 禁区(罚球区)
goal area 小禁区(球门区)

球队称谓篇
coach 教练
head coach 主教练
football player 足球运动员
referee 裁判
lineman 巡边员
captain / leader 队长
forward / striker 前锋
midfielder 前卫
left midfielder 左前卫
right midfielder 右前卫
attacking midfielder 攻击型前卫(前腰)
defending midfielder 防守型前卫(后腰)
center forward 中锋
full back 后卫
center back 中后卫
left back 左后卫
right back 右后卫
sweeper 清道夫,拖后中卫
goalkeeper / goalie 守门员
cheer team 拉拉队

足球技术篇
kick-off 开球
bicycle kick / overhead kick 倒钩球
chest-high ball 半高球
corner ball / corner 角球
goal kick 球门球
handball 手球
header 头球
penalty kick 点球
place kick 定位球
own goal 乌龙球
hat-trick 帽子戏法
free kick 任意球
direct free kick 直接任意球
indirect free kick 间接任意球
stopping 停球
chesting 胸部停球
pass 传球
short pass 短传
long pass 长传
cross pass 横传
spot pass 球传到位
consecutive passes 连续传球
take a pass 接球
triangular pass 三角传球
flank pass 边线传球
lobbing pass 高吊传球
volley pass 凌空传球
slide tackle 铲球
rolling pass / ground pass 地滚球
flying header 跳起顶球
clearance kick 解围
shoot 射门
close-range shot 近射
long shot 远射
offside 越位
throw-in 掷界外球
block tackle 正面抢截
body check 阻挡
fair charge 合理冲撞
diving header 鱼跃顶球
dribbling 盘球,带球
clean catching (守门员)接高球
finger-tip save (守门员)托救球
offside 越位
deceptive movement 假动作
break through 突破
kick-out 踢出界
set the pace 掌握进攻节奏
ward off an assault 击退一次攻势
break up an attack 破坏一次攻势
disorganize the defence 搅乱防守
total football 全攻全守足球战术
open football 拉开的足球战术
off-side trap 越位战术
wing play 边锋战术
time wasting tactics 拖延战术
4-3-3 formation 433阵型
4-4-2 formation 442阵型
beat the offside trap 反越位成功
foul 犯规
technical foul 技术犯规
break loose 摆脱
control the midfield 控制中场
set a wall 筑人墙
close-marking defence 盯人防守

比赛方式篇
half-time interval 中场休息
round robin 循环赛
group round robin 小组循环赛
extra time 加时赛
elimination match 淘汰赛
injury time 伤停补时
golden goal / sudden death 金球制,突然死亡法
eighth-final 八分之一决赛
quarterfinal 四分之一决赛
semi-final 半决赛
final match 决赛
preliminary match 预赛
one-sided game 一边倒的比赛
competition regulations 比赛条例
disqualification 取消比赛资格
match ban 禁赛命令
doping test 药检
draw / sortition 抽签
send a player off 判罚出场
red card 红牌
yellow card 黄牌
goal 球门,进球数
draw 平局
goal drought 进球荒
ranking 排名(名次)

接下来,还有一大波更高级更有趣的表达:

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Lifting the silverware
夺冠

silverware
['sɪlvəweə] 银器,银质餐具

lift the silverware这个搭配中,注意silverware指的是球赛的冠军奖杯,可不是什么银奖哦。

This is literally what happens when your team wins a major trophy. Everyone goes insane, and the winning team gets to “lift the silverware”.
你的球队赢得大奖的时候,就是这么嗨~每个人激动疯了,赢的队伍就能lift the silverware!

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“Heads for an early bath“
“早点洗头去”:红牌罚下

This means you got ejected from the game. Might as well go clean up since there's nothing better to do, right?
这意味着你被出局了。不妨去洗洗好了……反正又没别的事儿好做了,对吧?
(嗯……中文版表达或许是“洗洗睡吧”?)

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Hit the woodwork
击中球门

woodwork

木制品,在俚语中也可指“(足球的)球门框”

This refers to a shot that ends up hitting the goalposts.

Hit the woodwork指的是进球击中了门框。

(进不进球就不一定啦~所以hit the woodwork之时,正是关键时刻所在。)

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Get stuck in
奋力拼抢

If you've ever played defense, you know that you have to go in hard and take no prisoners if you want to do your job well.
如果你踢过防守,你肯定知道,如果想要干得漂亮,你不得不拼尽全力,用尽一切手段。

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Howler
守门员的低级错误

As admirable as every goalkeeper is for risking life and limb to protect the goal, sometimes they really screw things up without any good excuse.
虽然每个守门员都是拼上性命守卫球门,值得尊重,但有的时候他们真的是把事情搞砸了。

howler ['haulə] 低级错误

risk life and limb 拼上性命

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The Talisman
“护身符”球星

You'll hear this a lot when a team has a star player, their "talisman", who they pretty much rely on to win games. Without the "talisman", winning becomes a lot more difficult.
你经常听到有人这样叫一个球队的明星球员:“护身符”,就是他们赖以赢得比赛的人。没了“护身符”,打赢比赛就难多了。

talisman ['tælizmən] 护身符,法宝,此处指球队的当家球星。

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Hair Dryer Treatment
“电吹风式”咆哮

David Beckham:"The fear of getting the hairdryer was the reason why we all played so well. He was a manager you wanted to do well for."
贝克汉姆说:因为害怕受到电吹风式的待遇,我们才都踢得这么好。他就是一位你想要为之做好的教练。
这种说法的出处据说是世界著名的足球教练Alex Ferguson (亚历克斯•弗格森爵士,即球迷口中的“费爵爷”)。

他常对表现不理想的球员狂暴怒吼,被吼的球员们说,感觉就像被电吹风吹过一样。

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"Squeaky bum time"
“磨屁股时间”

This refers to that nerve-wracking period of time when a team is up by one, but there are still a few minutes left for the losing side to make a comeback. When fans get this nervous, they tend to move around uneasily in their seats, creating a squeaky sound.
这指的是当某队领先一球,但还有几分钟,对方还有机会逆袭的紧张时刻。当球迷们紧张的时候,他们可能会在座椅上不安地移动,发出这种吱呀作响的声音。

squeaky ['skwiːkɪ]

吱呀作响的,发出刺耳吱嘎声的

bum是英式英语中指“屁股”的非正式说法。

squeaky bum time直译过来是“磨屁股时间”,这也是费爵爷开创的说法,现在专指在看球时让人高度紧张的时刻。