集体名词作主语主谓一致
1)通常作复数的集体名词?
集体名词,如:police, people,cattle,militia,poultry等,
通常作复数,用复数动词。如:?
Domestic cattle provide us with milk, beef and hides.?
 
2)通常作不可数名词的集体名词?
有些集体名词,如foliage,machinery,equipment,furniture,merchandise,通常作不可数名词,随后的动词用单数。例如:All the machinery in the factory is made in China.?
3)既可作单数也可作复数的集体名词?
集体名词,如audience, committee, class, crew, family, public, government等,既可作单数,也可作复数用。?
The city council is meeting to set its agenda.?
4)a committee,etc. of +复数名词?
如果主语是由“a committee of /a panel of /a board of +复数名词”构成,随后的动词通常用单数。例如:?
A committee of five men and three women is to consider the matter.?
 
近义词辨析
 
tired, exhausted, fatigued, weary, worn?out
 
这组词均含有“疲惫的”的意思。
tired可指因体力或脑力消耗太多而需要休息,还可指因长期做某事而失去兴趣。
Henry was so tired that he went to bed immediately after he got home.亨利很疲惫,一到家就上床睡觉去了。?
 
exhausted
表达的疲惫程度最强,指因劳累过度而精疲力竭。?
The exhausted engineer fell asleep on the bus.精疲力竭的工程师在公共汽车上睡着了。?
 
fatigued
所表达的疲劳程度比tired和weary强,表示由于过度劳累而引起疲乏,不能再继续下去。?
He felt fatigued and didn’t want to say a single word.他疲惫不堪,不想说一句话。?
 
weary
语气比tired强,指由于长时间努力工作或由于做单一的事而引起疲倦。?
After a long and weary wait, the plane finally came to take them back.经过漫长而又令人疲乏的等待后,飞机终于来接他们回去了。?
worn?out
这个词不太正式,多用于口语。?
The troops were worn?out after winning the battle.战后,部队疲惫不堪。??
 
全真模拟试题?
1. Although ?______? Spanish, he attended the course.?
A. he was knowing       B. he is knowing?
C. having a knowledge of   D. knows?
 
2. You ?______?that letter to James. However, you didn’t.?
A. ought to write         B. ought to have written?
C. should write D. should be writing?
 
3. Joseph was very lucky ?______? with his life; he almost did not get out of the room.?
A. to escape   B. to have escaped?
C. to escaping   D. to be escaping?
 
4. Bread and butter ?______?liked by Westerners.?
A. is       B. are       C. were     D. be?
 
5. The back garden of our house contains a lawn, ?______?
 very pleasant to sit on in summer.?
A. which is   B. which it is   C. it is   D.  where it is?
 
6. He set up in business ?______? his own and was very successful.?
A. in   B.  of   C.  on   D. by?
 
7. John’s score on the test is the highest in the class; he ?______?
 last night.?
A. must study  B. should have studied?
C. must have studied  D. is sure to study?
 
8. Frank almost never received any education, ?______??
A. would he   B. did he?
C. didn’t he   D. wouldn’t he?
 
9.  Even if his letter ?______? tomorrow, it ?______?
 too late to do anything.?
A.  will arrive...is  B.  should arrive...were?
C.  arrives...will be   D.  arrives...would be?
 
10. We can hear  ?______?from the back of the room.?
A. just as good   B.  just as easy  ?
C.  just as well   D.  easily as well?
 
11. To obtain a satisfactory result, one must apply two ?______?
 of paint on a clean surface.?
A.  coats   B. levels   C.  times   D. courses?
 
12. The small mountain village was ?______? by the snow
for more than one month.?
A. cut back   B.  cut out?
C.  cut off   D. cut away?
 
13.  Miss Green was ?______? $100 for driving after drinking.?
A. fined   B.  charged   C.  punished   D.  posed?
 
14.  Modern ?______? perhaps causes more problems than it solves.?
A. technique B.  technology?
  C. tactics D.  tendency?
 
15. Mary tiptoed over and took the clock away because she hated to hear
it ?______? when she was trying to go to  sleep.?
A. sounding   B. ringing   C. ticking   D. humming?
 
16. Under this ?______? pressure some of the rocks even
became liquid.?
A. intensive   B.  weighty   C.  intense   D.  bulky?