专八题目:

Can We Trust Specialists?
专八范文:
 
Why should we call some people specialists? Becausethey have accumulated a system of expertise intheir domain after years of research and practicesand been acknowledged by their peers and thepublic. Those real specialists are able to provide thepubic with accurate information and solve manyproblems. Of course, as to err is human, realspecialists can not avoid making mistakes in their lives. But so long as they maintain an honestand scientific attitude toward their opinions, the public can still forgive them even if they makewrong judgments.
我们为什么把他们称之为专家?因为他们在某一领域拥有丰厚的知识储备,他们经过了多年的研究和实践,并得到了同行和公众的认可。这些真正的专家能够给公众提供正确的信息,并解决许多问题。当然,是人都会犯错,真正的专家也会犯错误。但是只要他们对自己的意见保持科学、诚恳的态度,那么,公众也会原谅他们,即使他们做出了错误的判断。
 
However, in recent years, the public have an increasing suspicion of specialists’ opinions. Somespecialists frequently appear in TV advertisements to endorse on certain products. Theseexperts seem to lose the public’s trust, for they are suspected to unfavorably direct the publicand provide wrong information. Inmy opinion, specialists’ opinions can only be trusted so longas they are honest.
但是最近几年,公众对专家的意见产生了越来越多的怀疑。许多专家频繁出现在电视广告之中,为某产品做代言。这些专家似乎失去了公众的信任,人们怀疑他们误导了公众的方向,并提供了不真实的信息。我认为,只有专家诚实可信,人们才能信任他们。
 
Firstly, only honest specialists can provide objective and accurate judgments for the public.Nowadays, specialists are frequently consulted with by big companies and hence they are likelyto provide opinions in favor of those companies. This can be best illustrated in medicineadvertisements in the media. Pharmaceutical companies tend to invite specialists with whitehairs and various titles to provide their comments ontheir products. Without exception, thosespecialists highlight the advantages of new medicines, and then would recommend them tothe public. But one can not help thinking why these experts are willing to appear in the mediaand endorse on the new medicine. All the rational people can figure out that thosespecialistshave been bribed by pharmaceutical companies and hence their comments andrecommendations are in the interest of those companies. While the honesty has beencorrupted by money, should we still trust them?
首先,只有诚实的专家才能提供可观的意见,以及准确的判断。当今,专家通常会成为大公司的顾问,他们通常会提供一些对公司有利的意见。这些能够从医药广告中体现出来。医药公司通常会聘请一些有白头发,有许多头衔的专家,并为他们的产品提供意见。无一例外,这些专家都会高调宣扬产品的好处,并向公众推荐。但是人们不禁会想为什么这些专家愿意出现在媒体上,并为新药做广告呢。所有理性的人们都会认为医药公司给了专家好处,只有这样,专家的意见和建议才会有利于这些公司。这样的诚实是建立在金钱之上的,我们还应该相信他们吗?
 
Secondly, the media has produced a lot of fake specialists. Wrapped by an aura of trustabletitles, these fake experts would speak in an authoritarian tone to the public and provideclaimed accurate information. The truth is that realist specialists are banned by intellectualintegrity and regulations of their institutions to endorse on certain products in anyadvertisements. I am of opinion that real experts are reluctant to appear in the media, for realspecialists should absorb themselves in their research and do not wantto be disturbed by themedia. Consequently, we can reason that the more impressive the introductions of specialistare, the more likely they are fake specialists.
第二,媒体产生了许多假冒专家。这些专家有许多可信的头衔,这些专家会以一种官方的口气说话,并提供自认为正确的信息。事实是,真正的专家却受到了正义、原则的限制,他们无法为产品做代言。我认为,真正的专家不会出现在媒体上,真正的专家会全身心投入在研究上,并不想受到媒体的打扰。所以,专家的介绍越诱人,他们造假的几率就会越高。
 
On all accounts, so long as specialists are not employed by companies to provide information tothe public,and they are not fake, their opinions are trustable, for real specialists are honest andprovide objective opinions. Otherwise, we should be cautious about their claimedauthoritarian opinions.
总之,只要公司没有雇佣专家,并在公众上提供信息,那么,他们就是真专家,他们的意见就是可信的,真正的专家是诚恳的,能够提供客观的意见。否则,我们就应该小心他们在公众所提供的意见。