英语专业八级人文知识[3]

英国工业革命

1. The industrial revolution refers to the mechanization of industry and the consequent change in social and economic organization in Britain in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
工业革命指18世纪末,19世纪初英国工业的机械化,以及因此而导致的社会结构和经济结构的变化。

2. The first steam engine was devised by Thomas newcomer at the end of 17th century, and the Scottish inventor James Watt modified and improved the design in 1765.
十七世纪末,托马斯。纽卡墨设计了第一台蒸气机,苏格兰发明家詹姆斯.华特修改并改良了设计方案(1765)。

3. As a result of the industrial revolution, Britain was by 1830 the “workshop of the world”.
作为工业革命的结果,英国到1830年止成为“世界工场”。

想一想:英国工业革命什么时候开始的?第一台蒸汽机谁发明的?

1. Oxford is on ____
A. the Thames River
B. River Clyde
C. the Severn River
D. the Great Lakes

2. Today, the City of London is the business centre of London where you can find ___.
A. big supermarkets
B. theatres and cinemas
C. large financial organizations
D. restaurants and cafes

3. One of the most far-reaching consequences of the Second World War brought to Britain was that____.
A. it hastened the end of Britain's empire
B. it made the country fall into ecnomic depression
C. it stimulated the development of the country
D. it made the country become the world's leading country

4. The 1920’s in the United States has been described as a period of ____.
A. culture revival
B. loss of purpose
C. development of science and technology
D. material success and spiritual frustration

5. Wellington, capital city of New Zealand, is located on ____
A. south island
B. north island
C. stewart island
D. the Chatham island

6. The four great tragedies written by Shakespeare are Hamlet, Macbeth, Othello and ____.
A. Antony and Cleopatra
B. Julius Caesar
C. Twelfth Night
D. King Lear

7. ____is known as "the poet's poet".
A. Shakespeare
B. Marlowe
C. Spencer
D. Donne

8. The basic difference between vowels and consonants is ____
A. the shape of lips
B. the vibration of the vocal folds
C.whether the sound’s production is accompanied by a puff of breath
D.whether the air stream meets with any obstruction

9. The consonant ____can be described as : voiced bilabial stop.
A [p]
B [b]
C [t]
D [d]

10. Which of the following underlined part is an inflectional morpheme?
A. talk/ talking
B. shy/shyness
C. physic/ physician
D. build/ rebuild


答案
ACADB DCDBA