说明:以下答案均为爱思网友提供,仅供参考。爱思网正在组织相关专家参与权威参考答案的制作,一起期待。祝各位考生好运!

 

2012专八Mini-lecture (爱思网友版)

1: rarely formal records   
2: systematic objective manner  
3: variable
4: situation sampling     
5: vary      
6: advantage
7: as it occurs      
8: have more control  
9: in natural setting  
10: method  Interview 


2012专八Interview (爱思网友版)

1: creative people focus on novel thinking rather than solution
2: comes from both environmental and genetic makeup
3: two
4: critical
5: the environment is significant in the creative process

News broadcast
6:  a problem in the cooling system was solved
7:  the Philippines 
8:  to expose cases of child abuse and punishment
9:  4 percent
10:  2 

 2012专八阅读参考答案(环球时代版)

Text A
11. worked for freshwater conservation for nonprofit purposes.
12. His house was equipped with advanced water-saving facilities.
13. how I could contribute to water conversation.
14. his lifestyle was too extravagant.
15. exaggeration.
16. Humorous.

Text B
17. found that interest in reunions was linked with school experience.
18. U.S. class reunions are usually occasions to show off one's recent success.
19. Shared undergraduate experience on campus.
20. bring into focus contrasting opinions.
21. Reasons for popularity and (non)attendance for alumni reunions.

Text C
22. showed a wide interest.
23. Mr. Cattanzara was surprised at George's reading plan.
24. remained the same as usual.
25. was dissatisfied with his life and surroundings.

Text D
26. no activities can be compared to those in 1909.
27. Variety and magnitude of celebration activities.
28. resulted in similar disparaging remarks on Lincoln.
29. reveals the variety of current opinions on heroes.
30. Lincoln's greatness remains despite the passage of time. 

 

2012专八改错(爱思网友版)

1:going Λ since  增加  on
2:  certain     改为     some
3:  ratherΛthe  增加    than
4:  is          改为    was
5:  in         改为     at
6: /the          去掉    the
7: viewΛtranslation 增加  that
8: / was         删掉    was
9: statement       改为  statements
10: and  改为 but 

2012专八人文知识部分

31: new Zealand 32: state 33: July 4th 34: the Arctic Ocean 35: T.S.Eliot 36: William Faulkner 37: personification 38: sequential rule 39: Disco 40: register

 

2012年英语专八汉译英题目

痛苦纠聚心中,眉心发烫发热,胸口郁闷难展,胃里一股气冲喉而上。院长说这孩子发育迟缓时,她更是心头无绪,她在育生所待的房里来回踱步,这房里还有其他小孩,每人一张围着栅栏的床,整个房间只有一扇窗,窗外树影婆娑,就让这孩子留下来吧,这里有善心的神父和修女,这里将来会扩充为有医疗作用的看护中心,这是留住孩子最好的地方。这孩子是她的秘密,她将秘密留在这树林掩映的建筑里。

出处:台湾作家蔡素芬《烛光盛宴》


参考译文:Tortured by the pains gathering in her heart, she felt something was burning between her eyebrows. Her chest was brimmed with depression which was likely to run out of her throat at any moment. She could not think clearly any longer when the headmaster told her that the child suffered from developmental retardation. She strode up and down in the room where her child stayed with other pals. There was only one window in the room, out of which some shady trees were whispering. “Just leave it here”, she told herself, “This is the best choice by far, for there are kind priests and nuns in this place which may also be renovated into a Medicare center”. The child was her secret which would be kept in the buildings behind the woods.

 

2012专八英译汉真题及参考答案

But such policies seem instead to have created the conditions for even more campus violence. Some college students who previously drank in bars and lounges under the watchful supervision of bouncers(夜总会,就把等保安人员)(not to mention owners eager to keep their liquor licenses) now retreat to the sanctuary of their fraternity houses and apartments, where they no longer control their behavior their drinking. The boomerang effect has also played a role in attempts to reduce the availability of illicit drugs.  During recent years, the federal government has been quite successful in reducing the supply of street drugs. As fields are burned and contraband(违禁品) confiscated, the price of street drugs has skyrocketed to a point where cheap alternatives have begun to compete in the marketplace. Unfortunately, the cheap alternatives are even more harmful than the illicit drugs they replace.
 
然而上述政策反而引发了更多的校园暴力。一些大学生先前在夜总会的酒吧买醉,处于保安人员严密的监控之下(酒吧老板们为了保住自己卖酒的牌照也不会允许过激的事情发生)。现在,大学生们躲到他们互助会会所和公寓中酗酒,对自己饮酒的数量或行为都不再控制。政府在打击非法毒品方面采取的措施同样适得其反。近年来,联邦政府已经有效地抑制了街头毒品买卖。警方捣毁了很多毒品种植地,没收了违禁品,导致毒品的价格暴涨,那些便宜的替代品因此也有了竞争力。糟糕的是,那些便宜的替换品带来的危害甚至比他们所替代的毒品更大。

111.jpg

 

112.jpg

 

113.jpg    

 

4.jpg

 

5.jpg

 

6.jpg

 

7.jpg