V

Vector
A vector quantity, or vector, is an object possessing, and fully described by, a magnitude and a direction. Graphically a vector is depicted as an arrow with its magnitude given by the length of the arrow and its direction given by where the arrow is pointing.
Velocity
A vector quantity defined as the rate of change of the displacement vector with time. It is to be contrasted with speed, which is a scalar quantity for which no direction is specified.
Vertex
The center of a mirror or lens.
Virtual image
An image created by a mirror or lens in such a way that light does not actually come from where the image appears to be.