Think carefully about the issue presented in the following excerpt and the assignment below.
Studies of creativity often focus primarily on writers, artists, composers, and scientists. Political leaders are not usually considered to be very creative. Indeed, it is sometimes said that it is a good thing that leaders in general are not very creative, since an excess of creativity, especially in leaders who have to enforce rules, would only lead to trouble. Yet surely some degree of creativity is desirable in all walks of life.
Adapted from Thomas G. West, In the Mind's Eye
Assignment: Do all people need to be creative? Plan and write an essay in which you develop your point of view on this issue. Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, studies, experience, or observations.
首先，同意艺术、科技领域的创新必不可少，这样的事例相信大家已经准备过很多。比如香奈儿，比如毕加索，比如莱特兄弟。然后可以批判提示里的文字“Indeed, it is sometimes said that it is a good thing that leaders in general are not very creative, since an excess of creativity, especially in leaders who have to enforce rules, would only lead to trouble. .”反驳事例：罗斯福的新政。(19世纪30年代美国经济大萧条。当时的美国总统胡佛Hoover认为: The federal government could not and should not try to fix the average citizen’s problems.但是罗斯福认为：The Great Depression could be solved only through direct government action in the form of far-reaching programs and direct relief.罗斯福的新政就是一种创新因为：The New Deal marked a significant change in the way Americans viewed the role of government and the individual citizen.
3) Businesses and industry were also affected. Having lost much of their own capital(资金) in either the Stock Market Crash or the bank closures, many businesses started cutting back their workers' hours or wages. In turn, consumers began to curb(紧缩) their spending, refraining(节制) from purchasing such things as luxury goods. This lack of consumer spending caused additional businesses to cut back wages or, more drastically, to lay off(解雇) some of their workers. Some businesses couldn't stay open even with these cuts and soon closed their doors, leaving all their workers unemployed.
4) The New Deal is the revolution to allowing traditional and unrestrained(放纵的) freedom.
5) Sam Walton believed that the prosperity(成功) of a company depended on the hard work of employees.
6) He implemented “profit sharing plan”, giving some of the profit to employees, which ignited their passion and strengthened their loyalty.
7) Deep-fried mushroom(炸蘑菇)
8) Coat the mushroom with flour.(把蘑菇裹上面粉)
9) With creativity, the society can advance and we can have a varied life full of surprises.