演讲.jpg
KEVIN TRUONG
加州大学洛杉矶分校
经济系
大四
 
One of the most important skills you’ll need to learn for the professional world is the ability to effectively present your work and your ideas. Even though a successful presentation can take many forms – like a Powerpoint, a poster board or even just a speech – there a few key tips will help you nail that next important pitch.
当你步入职业生涯,你需要习得的最重要的技能之一,就是如何高效地展示你的工作成果或是表达你的观点。尽管一场精彩的presentation有多种形式——常见的有使用PPT、海报板或者就是演讲——但不管形式如何,以下一些建议都能帮到你,让你百尺竿头更进一步。
 
1. PREPARE PROPERLY / 准备充分
 
演讲1.jpg
 
Probably the most important aspect of a presentation is what you do in advance. Preparation is vital in organizing your thoughts and ideas into a whole that makes sense to your audience. Plus, knowing the material backwards and forwards means that you can be quicker and more accurate in answering questions and will allow you to ad-lib or go off script in a personal and confident manner. My tip would be to stick to a few key points, with a little bit of information for each, giving you both a clear structure and room to elaborate.
一场presentation最重要的环节大概就是你的前期工作。准备工作之所以关键,在于它能够整合你的想法与观点,使之构成有机的整体,让你的听众能够更好理解。此外,反复阅读材料有助于你更快、更精准地回答提问,而且可以让你更从容不迫地用自己的方式进行即兴发挥,或者脱稿演讲。这条建议将会用以下几个关键点具体阐释,每个关键点我会提供一些建议,希望给你提供一个清晰的框架以及自我发挥的空间。
 
2. PRACTICE WITH A FRIEND / 模拟演练
 
演讲2.jpg
 
Along with the preparation for the presentation itself, it’s important to practice what you’re going to say ahead of time, preferably with another person who could give you feedback. Practicing in front of somebody else, instead of just a mirror, will allow you to get an objective perspective on your performance, while also giving you a bit of an audience to work with. Find someone who is patient enough to sit through your talk, and comfortable supporting you, but also giving constructive criticism!
在presentation的准备阶段,提前彩排非常重要,而且最好有一个观众可以给你反馈。之所以不用镜子,是因为在其他人面前彩排可以给你一个客观的视角评价你的表现,同时你也可以体验一下有观众时的感受。不仅要找一个有足够耐心倾听你演说并且能够为你加油鼓劲的伙伴,而且他/她要能给你建设性的意见!
 
3. BREATHE AND RELAX / 放松,深呼吸
 
演讲3.jpg
 
During the actual presentation, it is important to remember to breathe and relax. This can be hard to remember when you’re in the midst of what you’re doing in front of an audience, but breathing will automatically slow you down and relax you during it. Breaths can also effectively act as pauses in the presentation and give you a chance to gather your thoughts. I would advise a couple of deep breaths before starting a new slide / point, just to keep your timing right.
在真正的presentation过程中,千万记住要调整好呼吸,让自己放松。当你站在观众面前时,亢奋的状态使你很容易忘记这条建议,但是事实上,调整呼吸会自动地放慢你的语速,并且缓解你紧张的情绪。控制呼吸还会适当地在你的演讲中加入一些停顿,留出机会让你整理思绪。我会建议演讲者在进入新的一页PPT或是另一个观点前做几次深呼吸,当然要确保你的时间允许。
 
4. CONTROL YOUR BODY LANGUAGE / 丰富肢体语言
 
演讲4.jpg
 
Researchers say that the majority of communication is non-verbal – and I’m inclined to agree. Oftentimes when giving a presentation, just as important as what you’re saying is how you say it. Project confidence by looking out at people in the eyes and directing your presentation to the audience instead of behind them. It can also be a helpful tip to have open and inviting body language which can create a connection with the people you’re presenting to. A few hand gestures are always good.
研究者认为大部分的交流是不依靠语言的,我倾向于认同这一说法。在做PRE的过程中,你表达的方式与你表达的内容一样重要。看着观众的眼睛,以及选择在观众面前而非他们的身后进行演讲,这些都会传达你的自信。使用开放的、有张力的肢体语言非常重要,它能够在你与观众间建立某种联系。即使只是几个手势,也能起到不错的效果。
 
5. HAVE FUN / 享受过程
 
演讲5.jpg
 
It may be hard to remember during a stressful presentation, but it’s probably not the end of the world if you make a mistake or two. The important thing is to have fun and try to show that you are. If you’re enjoying yourself by sharing your ideas and smiling, then that attitude will be infectious with your audience too!
在一场充满压力的presentation中要遵循这条建议可能很难,但你应该提醒自己,即使你犯了一两个错误也并不意味着“世界末日”。重要的是保持一个愉悦的心态,并且试图感染你的观众。如果你因为正在分享自己的思想而感到享受,记得微笑,这样的心态也会感染你的观众!