爱思英语编者按:沃尔特·惠特曼(Walt Whitman,1810年5月31日-1892年3月26日),生于纽约州长岛,他是美国著名诗人、人文主义者,他创造了诗歌的自由体(Free Verse),其代表作品是诗集《草叶集》。


 

Whitman is one of the greatest poet in American literature.He is regarded as "the great acceptor",especially influenced by Emerson and Transcendentalism.He was child of his age.The fundamental ideas such as General mysticism and anti-rationalism which were prevalent in America at that time pervade his poems.

He was a daring experimentalist.Parallelism and phonetic  recurrence are the major principle of his technique.He broke free from the traditional iambic pentameter and wrote "Free Verse".

His influence over modern poetry is great in the world.

Main works:
Leaves of Grass
Democratic Vistas
I Hear American Singing
Drum-taps
Song of Myself
O Captain,My Captain

Leaves of Grass:  更多信息请访问:http://www.24en.com/

A collection of poems and essays with nine editions together,about 400 poems.This book is notable for its delight in and praise of the senses during a time when such candid displays were considered immoral. Where much previous poetry, especially English, relied on symbolism, allegory, and meditation on the religious and spiritual, Leaves of Grass (particularly the first edition) exalted the body and the material world. Influenced by the Transcendentalist movement, itself an offshoot of Romanticism, Whitman's poetry praises nature and the individual human's role in it. However, Whitman does not diminish the role of the mind or the spirit; rather, he elevates the human form and the human mind, deeming both worthy of poetic praise.

Democratic Vistas:it is a piece of wit and wisdom,which show his ideal of Democracy.

Song of Myself :reveals a world of equality without rank and hierarchy.Whitman extols the ideals of equality and democracy and celebrates the dignity,the self-reliant spirit and the joy of common man."I" is the image of the American characteristic.It shows the philosophy and religious opinion of the author.

"O Captain! My Captain!" is an extended metaphor poem written in 1865 by Walt Whitman, concerning the death of American president Abraham Lincoln.Repeated metaphorical reference is made to this issue throughout the verse. The "ship" spoken of is intended to represent the United States of America, while its "fearful trip" recalls the troubles of the American Civil War. The titular "Captain" is Lincoln himself.With a conventional meter and rhyme scheme that is unusual for Whitman, it was the only poem anthologized during Whitman's lifetime.