专八Minilecture,以讲座的形式展开,考察在整篇lecture中捕捉信息和关键词的能力,逐步领会Minilecture的命题规律和答题技巧。
本篇选用的是《2013年星火满分听力》lecture的模拟篇。[!--audio--]Secondly,the great melting pot makes American Black English approach American Standard English. Because of the civil war,the slaves were liberated and the life situation of black slaves was greatly improved. But after the civil war,white people still looked down upon black people and there were some kinds of segregation in American society. There was also an Americanization language movement,which was built on the “melting pot “theory. The melting pot idea is most strongly associated with the United States,particularly in reference to “model"immigrant groups of the past. Past generations of immigrants in America ,it is argued by some,became successful by working to shed their historic identities and adopt the ways of their new country. A lecture,which was given by President Woodrow Wilson in 1913 can typically indicate this point of view. He said:"The great melting pot of America,the place where we are all made Americans of,is the public school,where men of every race,and every origin,and every station in life send their children,or ought to send their children,and where,being mixed together,they are all infused with the American spirit and developed into the American man and the American woman.其次,这个大熔炉使得美国黑人英语接近成为美国标准英语。 由于内战,奴隶被解放,黑人奴隶的生活状况大大改善。但内战后,白种人依旧歧视黑人,在美国社会中仍然有着种族歧视。还有一个建立在“大熔炉”的理论之上的语言美国化运动。 大熔炉理论与美国有着紧密的联系,尤其是指过去的那些模范移民。美国过去的几代移民,通过努力的工作抛却了他们自己的历史民族特点并且开始接受了他们的新国家的生活方式。 伍德罗·威尔逊总统于1913年的一次讲座典型地描绘了这个观点。美国的这个大熔炉,这个我们都被塑造成美国人的地方,是一个公共的学校,在这里的不同种族,不同起源,不同社会地位的人把他们的孩子也应该把他们的孩子送进这个学校,在这里他们被融合,他们被注入了美国的精神,成为美国男人和美国女人。