Book reading is not meant for children only but it is equally enjoyable and beneficial for adults; reading is regarded as food for mind and is not, and should not be, limited to our curricular field only. Every era marks its beginning with a set of revolutionary writers, which have an unusual state of mind and views that work as the cornerstone for a whole new generation of literary circle. But, still, there are some writers that hold their undisputed importance throughout the following epochs. Today we will discuss 10 such classic writers that are still extensively read and praised after so many episodes of time and changes.

读书不是为孩子们准备的,但它对成年人同样是愉快和有益的;阅读被认为是心灵的食物,不是,也不应该仅仅局限于我们的课程领域。每一个时代都标志着一群革命作家的开始,他们有一种不同寻常的心态和观点,作为新一代文学圈的基石。但是,仍然有一些作家在接下来的时代里保持着无可争议的重要性。今天我们将讨论10个这样的经典作家,在经历了这么多的时间和变化之后,仍然被广泛的阅读和赞扬。

十大最受欢迎的经典作家:

1. William Shakespeare

威廉·莎士比亚

Widely Acclaimed Classic Writers

 

Shakespeare is, probably, the most widely read and celebrated classic writers of both the previous and following times; though Shakespeare was not a learned person, in an academic sense, but the genius of his writings is par excellence. Shakespeare's tragedies are some of the best of the literary world; apart from a writing genius, the thing which makes Shakespeare even greater intellect is his ability to part from his own self while writing. He is the only writer whose personality is not reflected in his works.

莎士比亚可能是最广泛阅读和著名的经典作家的前几次和之后;虽然莎士比亚在学术上不是一个博学的人,但他的著作的天才是出类拔萃的。莎士比亚的悲剧是文学史上最好的;除了写作天才之外,莎士比亚更聪明的地方在于他能在写作的同时,从自己的自我中分离出来。他是唯一一个在作品中没有体现个性的作家。

2. Christopher Marlowe

克里斯托弗·马洛

Christopher Marlowe

 

Marlowe is the contemporary of Shakespeare and though it is believed that his fame was shadowed by Shakespeare, Marlowe still happens to secure his place as one of the highly applauded classic writers. The reason? His worldwide famous drama ‘Dr.Faustas' is counted along with the best pieces of literary art; Marlowe's life, death and even the respective play is surrounded with myriad controversies. The sheer details of magic in the play and Marlowe's mysterious death is said to be inter-connected while the drama is considered as his autobiography.

马洛与莎士比亚是同时代的人,尽管他的名声被莎士比亚所掩盖,但马洛仍然在他的位置上获得了他的地位。的原因吗?他的世界著名戏剧《博士》。福斯塔斯的作品和最好的文学作品一起被计算;马洛的一生,死亡,甚至是各自的戏剧都围绕着无数的争论。剧中的魔法细节和马洛神秘的死亡据说是相互关联的,而戏剧则被认为是他的自传。

3. Charles Dickens

查尔斯·狄更斯

Charles Dickens

 

Apart from being a highly skilled children writer, Dickens is evenly an influential classic writer; Dickens's has equally contributed to the literature meant for grownups. Some of his most famous books are ‘Great Expectations', ‘Tale of the Two Cities' and ‘Oliver Twist' Dickens was one of those writers who had to struggle their way up from the very bottom, he belonged to a poor family and his miserable conditions are portrayed in his autobiographical novel ‘Great Expectations'.

除了作为一个高技能的儿童作家,狄更斯是一个有影响力的古典作家;狄更斯的作品对成人文学也有同样的贡献。他的一些最著名的书是“远大前程”,“这两个城市的故事”和“雾都孤儿”狄更斯是一个作家必须斗争从最底部,他属于一个贫穷的家庭,他的悲惨的状况描绘在他的自传体小说“远大前程”。

4. Jane Austen

简·奥斯丁

Jane Austen

 

Jane Austen is the most famous of the women writers besides the Bronte Sisters and Mary Shelley; Austen is also regarded as a domestic writer as her novels gyrate around the familial themes of a family with one or more children, preferably daughters, and the matters related to their marriage and other social gatherings. Some of her most famously known novels are ‘Pride and Prejudice', ‘Emma', and her light hearted gothic parody ‘Northanger Abbey'. Jane Austen's novels are also famous for their moralistic limitations; none of her work has ignored the didactic streak in it.

除了勃朗特姐妹和玛丽·雪莱之外,简·奥斯汀是最著名的女性作家;奥斯汀也被认为是一个国内作家,她的小说围绕着一个家庭的家庭主题,一个或多个孩子,最好是女儿,以及与他们的婚姻和其他社会聚会有关的事情。她最著名的小说有《傲慢与偏见》、《爱玛》,还有她轻松愉快的哥特式小说《北怒修道院》。简·奥斯汀的小说也因其道德上的局限而著名;她的作品都没有忽视它的说教性。

5. Virginia Woolf

弗吉尼亚·伍尔夫

Virginia Woolf

 

Virginia Woolf is the very first writer having used the literary device of ‘streams of consciousness in her works; her ‘To the Lighthouse' and ‘Mrs. Dalloway' are the prime examples of the technique and the main cause of her fame also. Woolf was an emotionally unstable individual, which is often reflected in her novels and gives her writing a distinctive characteristic of its own. Woolf's novels do not contain any significant amount of dialogues or even face to face conversation among the characters, instead the whole story projects through the mental stirring of the characters.

弗吉尼亚·伍尔夫是第一个在作品中使用“意识流”的文学作品的作家;她的“到灯塔去”和“夫人”。《达洛维》是她成名的主要原因,也是她成名的主要原因。伍尔夫是一个情绪不稳定的人,这在她的小说中经常反映出来,并赋予她独特的写作风格。伍尔夫的小说不包含任何大量的对话,甚至是面对面的人物对话,而是通过人物的精神激动来完成整个故事。

6. George Bernard Shaw

乔治·萧伯纳

George Bernard Shaw

 

Shaw is a writer well-known for his unconventional feminist views of women as individual and independent beings; rather than showing women in subjugated roles, Shaw's works are filled with courageous and heroic women. His ‘Candida', ‘Major Barbara', ‘The Doll's House' and ‘Pygmalion' are some of his writings having women in leading position and on equal terms with men.

萧伯纳是一名作家,以其特立独行的女性主义观点而闻名于世;萧伯纳的作品中充满了勇敢和英勇的女性,而不是展现女性在被征服的角色。他的“念珠”、“芭芭拉少校”、“玩偶之家”和“皮格马利翁”都是他的一些作品,让女性处于领导地位,与男性平等。

7. George Orwell

乔治·奥威尔

George Orwell

 

George Orwell is known as a futuristic writer due to the outlying ideologies presented in his books; unlike any writer, Orwell did not write about contemporary world surrounding him but his works reflect on the perceptual outcomes of the beliefs people hold regarding the revolutions. His ‘Animal Farm', ‘1987' and ‘Homage to Catalonia' are considered as some of the best pieces of literature and contain the destructive endings of even the most constructive upheavals.

乔治·奥威尔因其书中所呈现出的意识形态而被称为未来主义作家;与任何作家不同,奥威尔并没有描写他周围的当代世界,但他的作品反映了人们对革命信念的感知结果。他的“动物庄园”、“1987年”和“向加泰罗尼亚致敬”被认为是最好的文学作品,甚至包含了最具建设性的剧变的毁灭性结局。

8. William Golding

威廉•戈尔丁

William Golding

 

William Golding is a major symbolic novelist and is known for his masterful fabrication of symbols into his novels; Golding's works are mainly concerned with the moral and social degradation of man and society. ‘Lord of the Flies' is a fundamentally emblematic novel; the novel rendered a small island with a bunch of lost school boys and their gradual transforming of the once beautiful island into a wrecked piece of land. The novel is written in the backdrop of war and shows the island and the tyrannical society formed on it as a microcosm of the real adult world.

威廉·戈尔丁是一名主要的象征性小说家,他以娴熟地制作符号而闻名于世;戈尔丁的作品主要关注人与社会的道德与社会堕落。《蝇王》是一部基本上具有象征意义的小说;这部小说把一个小岛和一群迷路的学生们变成了一个小岛,他们逐渐把这个曾经美丽的岛屿变成了一片废墟。这部小说是在战争的背景下写成的,它展示了这个岛屿和一个残暴的社会,形成了一个真实的成人世界的缩影。

9. D.H. Lawrence

劳伦斯

Widely Acclaimed Classic Writers

 

D.H. Lawrence's writings are the literary implementations of Freud's psychoanalysis theory of oedipal complex; Lawrence was exceedingly impressed and influenced by his mother and a witness of his parents' unsuccessful marriage. His mother was a member of middle class conservative society while his father belonged to lower working class, this social rift did not leave their relationship unaffected and caused deep rooted dilemma between them. His short story ‘Odour of Chrysanthemums' and novel ‘Sons and Lovers' explore the respective psychological theme while his ‘Women in Love' is based on sexual tension between the characters.

D.H.劳伦斯的作品是弗洛伊德精神分析理论的文学实现;劳伦斯深受母亲的影响,也受到父母婚姻失败的见证。他的母亲是中产阶级保守社会的一员,而他的父亲属于下层工人阶级,这一社会裂痕并没有使他们的关系不受影响,造成了他们之间根深蒂固的矛盾。他的短篇小说《菊花的气味》和小说《儿子与情人》探讨了各自的心理主题,而他的《恋爱中的女人》则是基于角色之间的性张力。

10. The Bronte Sisters

勃朗特姐妹

Bronte Sisters

 

Charlotte and Emily Bronte are two of the most widely read and known female writers; though initially both of them along with their third sister Anne Bronte published their works under pseudonyms, which was quite convenient as female writers were not encouraged during their era. Bronte sisters are famous for their vivid and rich imagination and introversion developed as a result of their solitary dwelling in the Yorkshire village. Their famous masterpieces ‘Wuthering Heights' and ‘Jane Eyre' are recognised as two of the best works came from two of the preeminent women writers.

夏洛蒂和艾米莉·勃朗特是两位最受欢迎的女性作家;虽然最初他们和他们的第三姐妹安妮·勃朗特都以笔名出版了他们的作品,但在她们的时代,作为女作家并不受鼓励,这是相当方便的。勃朗特姐妹以其生动而丰富的想象力和内向而出名,这是由于她们在约克郡的一个村庄里独自居住而形成的。他们著名的名著《呼啸山庄》和《简·爱》被认为是两位杰出女性作家中最优秀的两部作品。