In Kansas, Obama Invites Teddy Roosevelt Analogies

【NPR】奥巴马效仿罗斯福经典演讲 (有声)

President Obama delivers an economic speech Tuesday in Osawatomie, Kan., where Teddy Roosevelt issued a famous call for a "New Nationalism" 101 years ago.

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LINDA WERTHEIMER, HOST: And I'm Linda Wertheimer.

President Obama will try to follow in the footsteps of Teddy Roosevelt today when he delivers an economic speech in Kansas. He'll be speaking in the same city where Roosevelt issued a famous call for a new nationalism more than 100 years ago. Mr. Obama's speech is meant to lay the groundwork for the economic contest in the 2012 presidential election. NPR's Scott Horsley reports.

SCOTT HORSLEY, BYLINE: For President Obama, this is a connect-the-dots speech. White House spokesman Jay Carney says it's a chance to show how the president's various economic proposals - from stricter banking oversight to payroll tax cuts - fit together, as Mr. Obama prepares for a re-election battle.

JAY CARNEY: It's an opportune time to try to put into broader perspective the kind of debates we've been having and the issues that are of vital importance to give middle-class Americans the kind of fair shot that they deserve.

HORSLEY: In recent days, the president's been testing out some of the central themes of the speech, about building an economy that works for everyone. Here he is last week in Scranton, Pennsylvania.

PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA: You guys know that what America is about is that we're all in this together, that each of us has to do our own individual part, but we also have to be looking out for one another.

HORSLEY: Unlike Pennsylvania, Kansas, where the president speaks today, is solidly Republican territory. But the White House had a reason for choosing Osawatomie, Kansas as today's setting. Mr. Obama is deliberately seeking comparisons to a speech Teddy Roosevelt gave there 101 years ago.

H.W. BRANDS: President Obama seems to look at history as something that can teach the present.

HORSLEY: H.W. Brands of the University of Texas is one of a number of historians who've consulted with the president on multiple occasions.

BRANDS: I'm sure he would not be so naive as to think that history predicts the present. But to some extent it frames the range of the possible.

HORSLEY: Brands is also the author of a Roosevelt biography called "T.R.: The Last Romantic." Roosevelt used his speech to call for a more activist federal government, including thorough policing of the financial system and a graduated tax on high incomes. Just as Roosevelt defended himself against accusations of communism by quoting Abraham Lincoln, Brands says Mr. Obama hopes to fend off charges of class warfare by presenting himself as the heir to Republican Roosevelt.

BRANDS: One of the ways of deflecting criticism is to put your own positions in the mouths of great figures from the past. And for Obama, one of the great appeals of Theodore Roosevelt is he's a recognizable name brand. He's valued by both parties, even though a whole lot of what Roosevelt stood for has largely been forgotten.

HORSLEY: The memorable phrase from Roosevelt's speech is a square deal, which includes widespread opportunity and a distribution of wealth that benefits the whole community. Mr. Obama sounded a similar note last week in Scranton.


OBAMA: We believe that if the folks at the bottom and the folks in the middle succeed, then American succeeds, and the folks at the top succeed as well.


HORSLEY: Recently, the Occupy Wall Street movement has shined a spotlight on America's skewed distribution of income. But Mr. Obama was talking about these ideas long before that. In early 2008, then-candidate Obama said the economy is strongest when the middle class grows and opportunity is widely spread.

OBAMA: And when it's not, when opportunity is uneven or unequal, it is our responsibility to restore balance and fairness and keep that promise alive for the next generation.

HORSLEY: What role government should play in keeping that promise is likely to be at the center of next year's presidential campaign. Historian Brands says Roosevelt's call for a new nationalism found widespread acceptance a century ago, even though Roosevelt himself wound up losing in a three-way race to Woodrow Wilson.

BRANDS: Together, they got a very large majority of the vote. Roosevelt didn't win. Wilson did. But progressivism as a whole was the major victor.

HORSLEY: Mr. Obama hopes the progressive ideas he's talking about will prevail again in 2012.

Scott Horsley, NPR News, Washington.