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托福写作范文:幸福知足

TOEFL Independent Writing


Topic:

 

Decisions can be made quickly, or they can be made after careful thought.  

决策可以迅速做出,也可以在深思熟虑后做出。

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The decisions that people make quickly are always wrong.

你同意还是不同意下面的陈述?人们快速做出的决定总是错误的。

Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinions.

使用具体的理由和例子来支持你的观点。


Essay:

 

Are quick decisions unsafe decisions, or not necessarily so? Typically, quick decisions are made by people when the time is tight and so they follow their instincts, whereas late decisions are made by people when they need time to deliberate. Decision making is not a black-and-white issue since what matters is when to use feelings or thoughts, under different circumstances.

快速决策是不安全的决定,还是不一定?通常,当时间紧迫的时候,人们就会做出快速的决定,所以他们会跟随自己的直觉,而当人们需要时间来深思熟虑的时候,他们会做出一些决定。决策不是一个黑白分明的问题,因为在不同的情况下,什么时候该用感觉或想法。

 

On the one hand, when urgency creates decision making, intuitive feelings beat careful thoughts. People must make quick decisions (whether right ones or wrong ones) based on their instincts because sometimes there is no next time, no time-outs, no second chances; it is now or never. It is true that some of the important decisions have a time line, and if people delay a decision, the opportunity is gone forever, never to return. It seems as if to say that often any decision, even the wrong decision, is preferable to no decision at all.  Of course, those people who take quick actions probably understand that there are uncertainties, but the risks are far less than the long-range risks of comfortable inaction.  Accordingly, some people who follow their feelings in making quick decisions believe that they are usually right. They would not agree that the hasty decisions are always wrong.

一方面,当迫切性产生决策时,直觉的感觉会战胜仔细的想法。人们必须根据自己的直觉做出快速的决定(不管是正确的还是错误的),因为有时没有下一次,没有暂停,没有第二次机会;现在是或者永远都不会。的确,一些重要的决定是有时间的,如果人们推迟决定,机会就会永远消失,永远不会回来。似乎是说,任何决定,甚至是错误的决定,都比没有决定要好。当然,那些采取快速行动的人可能会明白,存在不确定性,但风险远低于舒适不作为的长期风险。因此,有些人在做快速决定时跟随自己的感觉,认为他们通常是正确的。他们不同意草率的决定总是错误的。

 

On the other hand, there are circumstances under which people prefer to be patient for a while before making their important decisions, even if they might as well want to listen to their hearts. It is because sometimes situations are not clear at once, and that is where some people need to be patient to see how these situations develop, and that is also where thinking carefully beats acting emotionally. True enough, there are decisions in life that require more time than others, and being patient is the right attitude. People in this category would think that the decisions that people make in a hurry without deliberations are usually wrong.  They would as well think that decisions should only be taken only after careful thoughts and that impatience is a dangerous thing when dealing with decision making. It is like a Chinese saying that goes: “one moment of patience may ward off disaster; one moment of impatience may ruin a whole life.”

另一方面,有些情况下,人们在做出重要决定前更愿意耐心等待,即使他们也愿意倾听他们的心声。这是因为有时候情况并不清楚,有些人需要耐心观察这些情况是如何发展的,而这也是仔细思考的地方。确实,生活中有一些决定需要更多的时间,而耐心是正确的态度。这个类别的人会认为,人们匆忙做出的决定通常是错误的。他们也会认为,只有经过深思熟虑后才会做出决定,在处理决策时缺乏耐心是一件危险的事情。这就像一句中国谚语说的:“一个耐心的时刻可以避免灾难;一时的不耐烦可能会毁掉一生。

 

In decision making, either feelings or thoughts or both may come into scene.  It is up to people to make decisions quickly or after careful thought. Quick decisions could be right or wrong, so are decisions that are late in coming.

在做决定时,无论是感觉还是想法,或者两者都可能出现。人们要迅速做出决定,或者经过深思熟虑。快速的决定可能是对的,也可能是错的,所以决定来得晚。

 

 

Related IELTS topic:

 

It is often believed that decisions taken quickly are wrong decisions.  Are quick decisions always wrong? What is your opinion on this?

人们常常认为,迅速做出的决定是错误的决定。快速决策总是错误的吗?你对此有何看法?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

给出你的答案的原因,并从你自己的知识或经验中包含任何相关的例子。


Related TOEFL topic:

 

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Patience is usually not a good strategy, so we (people) should take action now rather than later.

你同意还是不同意下面的陈述?耐心通常不是一个好的策略,所以我们(人们)现在应该采取行动,而不是以后。

Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

使用具体的原因和例子来支持你的答案。