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托福写作范文:动物行为

TOEFL Independent Writing


Topic:

 

Observing and studying animal’s behavior is useful to know about human nature. (Observing or studying animals teaches us a lot about human nature.). Do you agree or disagree with the statement?

观察和研究动物的行为有助于了解人类的本性。(观察或研究动物教会了我们很多关于人性的东西。)你同意还是不同意这个说法?

Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

使用具体的原因和例子来支持你的答案。


Essay:

 

How much do animals know about humans, and do animals think at all? Finding human nature in animals is a useful research that focuses on similarities in the behavior of animals as compared with humans.  By studying animal’s behavior, “Homo sapiens” can learn a number of important life lessons from animals.

动物对人类的了解有多少,动物们会思考吗?在动物身上发现人类的本性是一项有用的研究,它关注动物行为与人类的相似性。通过研究动物的行为,“智人”可以从动物身上学到很多重要的生活经验。

 

Observing animal’s behavior is useful because humans can thereby gain an insight into their own behavior. The study is a cornerstone of experimental psychology, shedding light on how animals interact with each other and with their environments, and why they behave as they do. Such research on the behavior of animals is particularly relevant to the study of human behavior when making the comparison between the two.  For example, the behavior of animals in stressful or aggressive situations can be studied to help find solutions for humans under similar circumstances. People usually only consider this comparison from one side, but they would be amazed that some species of animals can be as intelligent or emotional as humans can be; and, for that matter, humans are distinguished from animals only in degree, not in kind.

观察动物的行为是有用的,因为人类可以由此获得对它们自身行为的洞察。这项研究是实验心理学的基石,它揭示了动物如何相互作用,以及它们的环境,以及它们的行为方式。这种对动物行为的研究,尤其与人类行为的研究有关。例如,可以研究动物在有压力或有攻击性的情况下的行为,以帮助在类似情况下为人类找到解决方案。人们通常只从一边来考虑这个比较,但是他们会惊奇地发现一些动物可以像人类一样聪明或情绪化;而且,就这一点而言,人类与动物的区别仅仅是在程度上,而不是在某种程度上。

 

Much of human behavior can be explained by watching animals ranging from the tiniest ants on the sidewalk to the mighty lions roaming the African continent. Animals can constantly teach humans about life lessons that humans cannot always learn from fellow humans. For the example of ants, they are admired for their commitment to teamwork, and together they build homes deep into earth where bad weather cannot disturb them, and together they move objects too heavy for one of them to carry. Then, for the example of lions, more than any other species, they represent courage, strength and resilience, and they do not back down from a challenge, neither do they just lurk in the shadows. The lesson is that humans tend to let fear stand in their way, so it is important for them to have “the heart of a lion”, so to speak. These examples, among others, may imply that humans have more to learn from animals than animals have to learn from humans.  

人类的许多行为可以通过观察动物从人行道上最小的蚂蚁到非洲大陆的雄狮来解释。动物可以不断地向人类传授人类无法从人类身上学到的生活经验。在蚂蚁的例子中,他们因对团队合作的承诺而受到赞赏,他们一起在地球的深处建造房屋,在那里恶劣的天气不能打扰他们,他们一起把太重的东西搬到他们其中一个搬不动的地方。然后,以狮子为例,它们代表了勇气、力量和韧性,它们没有从挑战中退缩,它们也不只是潜伏在阴影中。教训是,人类倾向于让恐惧阻挡他们前进的道路,所以说,拥有“狮子的心脏”是很重要的。这些例子,在其他的例子中,可能暗示人类比动物从动物身上学到的东西要更多。

 

In conclusion, observing or studying animal’s behavior teaches people a lot about human nature.  In many respects related to behavior, many differences between humans and animals are obvious, but the hidden similarities are worthy of studying.  Perhaps, animals know more than humans think, and think more than humans know.

总之,观察或研究动物的行为可以教会人们很多关于人性的东西。在许多方面与行为有关,人类和动物之间的许多差异是显而易见的,但隐藏的相似性是值得研究的。也许,动物比人类知道的要多,而且比人类知道的要多。