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托福写作范文:创意解决

TOEFL Independent Writing

 

Topic:

 

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?  Being creative, rather than planning carefully, more often results in the best solution of a problem.

你同意还是不同意下面的陈述?有创造性,而不是仔细规划,往往会导致问题的最佳解决方案。

Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

使用具体的原因和例子来支持你的答案。


Essay:

 

Can a problem be solved without planning carefully or can it be solved without being creative?  There are no absolutes, to be sure; but there is an interesting grey area between the two approaches.  From the identification of a problem to the implementation of the solution, successful problem-solving requires a combination of careful planning and creative thinking.

一个问题如果没有仔细规划就能得到解决,还是没有创造性就能解决?没有绝对的,可以肯定的;但是在这两种方法之间有一个有趣的灰色地带。从确定问题到解决方案的实施,成功的解决问题需要仔细的计划和创造性思维的结合。

 

Conventionality, careful planning is important to solve a problem from beginning to end.  At first glance, this approach may seem straightforward on the assumption that excellent planning leads to excellent execution, poor planning leads to poor execution, no planning leads to uncertain execution. It is logical to believe that the more careful people are in planning to solve a problem, the better they are able to solve that problem.  What is usually implied in careful planning is to follow established patterns in the hope of coming up with the best solution of a problem without taking risks. It is as the saying that goes: “Failing to plan is planning to fail.”  However, while stressing the importance of careful planning, can all problems, including those problems which have never before been identified, or those problems which have yet to arise, be solved conventionally without creative thinking?

因循守旧,精心的计划是解决问题的关键。乍一看,这种方法可能看起来很简单,假设优秀的计划会导致优秀的执行,糟糕的计划导致糟糕的执行,没有计划导致不确定的执行。相信越细心的人计划解决问题越好,他们就能越好地解决这个问题,这是合乎逻辑的。在仔细的计划中通常暗示的是遵循既定的模式,希望能在不冒险的情况下找到问题的最佳解决方案。正如俗话所说:“没有计划就注定失败。”“然而,在强调仔细规划的重要性的同时,所有的问题,包括那些以前从未被确定的问题,或者那些尚未出现的问题,都能在没有创造性思维的情况下得到解决吗?”

 

Beyond planning carefully, being creative is required in order to result in the best solution of a problem chiefly because creativity involves breaking out of conventional patterns and looking at things in an innovative way.  An essential aspect of creativity is not being afraid to fail, meaning that it needs courage to think creatively as there is no creativity without failure. It is true that many people understand the importance of creative problem-solving, but they just do not understand what it is, and it is almost impossible to explain creativity which has no boundaries. Fortunately, creative thinking as a problem-solving skill can be practiced and nurtured. That being said,  while careful planning is important in its own way, that alone is no guarantee that a problem can always be solved successfully in the same way.  About this point, Albert Einstein has this to say: “People cannot solve problems by using the same kind of thinking they used when they created them because a problem can never be solved on the level on which it was created.”

除了精心的计划之外,还需要有创造性,这样才能最好地解决一个问题,主要是因为创造性需要打破常规模式,以一种创新的方式看待事物。创造力的一个重要方面是不要害怕失败,这意味着它需要勇气去创造性地思考,因为没有失败就没有创造力。的确,许多人理解创造性解决问题的重要性,但他们只是不理解它是什么,而且几乎不可能解释没有边界的创造力。幸运的是,创造性思维作为一种解决问题的能力可以被实践和培养。话虽如此,但谨慎的计划本身就很重要,单凭这一点并不能保证问题总能以同样的方式成功地解决。关于这一点,阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦(Albert Einstein)曾说过:“人们不能用他们创造的思维方式来解决问题,因为问题永远无法在创造它的层面上得到解决。”

 

In conclusion, when it comes to problem-solving, both careful planning and creative thinking are required, and the one must have the other in mind. The two approaches are not mutually exclusive. In problem-solving, it takes two to tango.

总之,当涉及到解决问题的时候,需要仔细的计划和创造性的思考,而且必须要有另一个头脑。这两种方法并不相互排斥。在解决问题时,探戈需要两个人。