【科学60秒】诺贝尔医学奖花落“试管婴儿之父” (双语有声)

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Physiology or Medicine Nobel Prize Goes to Robert Edwards for IVF

诺贝尔医学奖花落“试管婴儿之父”

The 2010 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine goes to 85-year-old Robert Edwards of England, for the development of in vitro fertilization. The Karolinska Institute’s Christer Hoog:

2010年的诺贝尔医学奖花落85岁的英国人罗伯特•爱德华,鼓励他在试管内受精技术上取得的成就。以下为卡洛琳斯卡学院的克里斯•霍格致辞:

“Robert Edwards, working in the United Kingdom, began his fundamental research on the biology of fertilization during the 1950s. He formulated early a vision to develop an in vitro fertilization method to treat infertility. In this method, an egg will be taken out of a woman, fertilized using sperm in a cell culture dish, and then returned to the woman.”

罗伯特•爱德华在英国工作,二十世纪五十年代开始对生物受精进行研究。他很早就着手于利用体外受精治疗不孕症的技术。这种技术,就是将女子体内的卵子取出,利用精子使其在细胞培养皿中受精,然后重新植回女子体内。

The first so-called test-tube baby, Louise Brown, was born in England in 1978.

第一个试管婴儿路易斯•布朗,1978年在英国诞生。

“Since 1978, an increasing number of children, now approximately four million, have been born thanks to IVF. To briefly summarize the status of IVF today, 1 to 2 percent of all newborns in Europe, and America, and Australia and a number of countries, are conceived through IVF.”

多亏了体外受精技术,从1978年至今,新增的儿童达将近4百万。我们来简单的总结下今天试管婴儿的情况,欧洲、美国、澳大利亚和为数不少的国家所有新生儿中,试管婴儿就占了1%到2%。

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