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养成好习惯      梁实秋 



Cultivating Good Habits        Liang Shiqiu


| 译文摘自张培基《英译中国散文选二》


人的天性大致是差不多的,但是在习惯方面却各有不同,习惯是慢慢养成的,在幼小的时候最容易养成,一旦养成之后,要想改变过来却还不很容易。

Men are about the same in human nature, but differ in habit. Habit is formed little by little, and most easily in one’s childhood. Once it is formed, it is difficult to break.



例如说:清晨早起是一个好习惯,这也要从小时候养成,很多人从小就贪睡懒觉,一遇假日便要睡到日上三竿还高卧不起,平时也是不肯早起,往往蓬首垢面的就往学校跑,结果还是迟到,这样的人长大了之后也常是不知振作,多半不能有什么成就。祖逖闻鸡起舞,那才是志士奋励的榜样。

For example, the good habit of early rising also starts from one’s early life. Many people, however, have been in the habit of sleeping late ever since they were kids. They won’t get up till late morning on holidays and even oversleep on work days. Children are often late for school though they make a rush even without washing up. Such children, when they grow up, will often lack drive and most probably get nowhere. The story of Zu Ti1 rising at cockcrow to practise swordplay should be a good example for all men of resolve to learn from.


要点:
1,“贪睡懒觉”译为sleeping late,如:Your headache comes from sleeping late.
即,你的头疼是睡懒觉的结果.
2,“一遇假日便要睡到日上三竿还高卧不起”直译的话会让外国人摸不着头脑,因此采取意译的方式译为They won’t get up till late morning on holidays
3,“蓬头垢面”意即“没有洗漱和整理”,也是不宜直译的一个词,现按意思译为without washing up。
4,“往往蓬首垢面的就往学校跑,结果还是迟到”可理解为一个让步句“尽管他们没有洗漱就往学校跑,仍旧是迟到”译为Children are often late for school though they make a rush even without washing up
5,“闻鸡起舞”即“听见鸡叫就起来舞剑”译为rising at cockcrow to practise swordplay,另“祖逖”是带有中国特色的词汇,宜采用释义法或加注法,此处因为释义法会造成句子的冗杂,译者采取了加脚注的方法
6,“志士”即“意志坚强者”译为men of resolve,resolve也可换为strong will,determination,aspiration。

综述:本段俗语,四字词,涉及中国特色的词汇稍多,对于一些不好翻译的四字词可采取“迂回战术”取其在语境中的意思来翻


我们中国人最重礼,因为礼是行为的规范。礼要从家庭里做起。姑举一例:为子弟者“出必告,反必面”,这一点点对长辈的起码的礼,我们是否已经每日做到了呢?我看见有些个孩子们早晨起来对父母视若无睹,晚上回到家来如入无人之境,遇到长辈常常横眉冷目,不屑搭讪。这样的跋扈乖戾之气如果不早早的纠正过来,将来长大到社会服务,必将处处引起摩擦不受欢迎。我们不仅对长辈要恭敬有礼,对任何人都应维持相当的礼貌。

We Chinese set great store by propriety because it is the accepted rules of social behavior. Propriety begins from the family. For example, children should keep their parents informed of their whereabouts. That is the ABC of good manners on the part of children. Yet some children just ignore their parents when they get up in the morning or come back from school. They often pull a long face and refuse to converse when they meet their elders. If they continue to be so cocky and willful without correcting themselves as soon as possible, they will never get along well with other people some days as members of society. We should be polite not only to our elders, but also to all people.


要点:
1,为子弟者“出必告,反必面”即“孩子出门或回家必须向家长说一声”或“必须告知家长”,译为children should keep their parents informed of their whereabouts.whereabout意为“行踪”
2,“起码的礼”译得很有意思,为the ABC of good manners,其中ABC