US President Donald Trump arrived in Beijing on Wednesday afternoon, kicking off a three-day state visit to China.
It is Trump's first visit to China since he assumed the presidency in January. He is the first head of state to visit China since the landmark 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China concluded on Oct. 24.
宝蕴楼 Hall of Embodied Treasures
President Xi Jinping and first lady Peng Liyuan met for tea with visiting US President Donald Trump and his wife, Melania. The informal meeting took place at the Hall of Embodied Treasures during Trump's tour of the Palace Museum.
Trump showed Xi and Peng a video of his granddaughter, Arabella, reciting Sanzijing (Three Character Classic) and ancient Chinese poetry. The Chinese president complimented her language skills, saying her performance was “A plus”.
Xi said Arabella - the daughter of Ivanka Trump and Jared Kushner - is already a starlet in China, and that he hopes she will have the chance to visit the country.
The Hall of Embodied Treasures was built in 1914 after the fall of the Qing Dynasty.
After Puyi abdicated the throne, he was allowed to live within the Forbidden City, but administration of the palaces was taken over by Beiyang government of China.
Cultural relics from other properties formerly owned by the royal family, such as Chengde Mountain Resort in Hebei province and Shenyang Imperial Palace in Liaoning province, were then moved to the Forbidden City. Consequently, the Hall of Embodied Treasures was built as a warehouse to store these relics.
It is now used as an exhibition hall to give a panoramic introduction to the Forbidden City’s history during its years as a museum.
They walked along the museum's central axis, also the axial line of Beijing, and visited three main halls of the Forbidden City.
During the tour of the ancient palace, Xi briefed the visiting couple on the museum's history, architecture and culture, which received high praise from them.
Covering an area of 2,377 square meters, the Hall of Supreme Harmony is the biggest and most important piece of architecture in the Forbidden City.
It was first built in 1420, but was destroyed by fire and rebuilt several times. The current structure dates to 1695 during the reign of Kangxi (1662-1722). It was mainly used for the imperial palace's major rituals and ceremonies.
The Hall of Central Harmony was used as a preparation room for the emperor before he attended sacrifices or other rituals, not only in the Forbidden City but at other imperial institutions as well, such as the Temple of Heaven.
The Hall of Preserving Harmony was also first built in 1420. Though once badly damaged by fire, the main structure can still be dated to the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).
It was used for different functions throughout history, such as Chinese New Year banquets and royal weddings.
故宫文物医院 Cultural Relic Hospital
President Xi Jinping and first lady Peng Liyuan accompanied US President Donald Trump and his wife, Melania, to watch craftsmen repair relics at Palace Museum.
Built in 2016 as a conservation center for the museum's cultural relics, the building covers an area of 13,000 square meters – stretching 361 meters south from the Forbidden City's northwest turret.
It claims to be one of world's biggest and best-equipped conservation centers for cultural relics. The facility features a training center for the International Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works to nurture more international expertise on the protection of Chinese cultural relics.
In 2016, a three-episode documentary called Masters in the Forbidden City that profiled the work of museum conservators went viral in China and was adapted into a feature-length film, making conservation of cultural relics a popular topic among the Chinese public.
畅音阁 Pavilion of Cheerful Melodies
President Xi Jinping and his wife Peng Liyuan accompanied US President Donald Trump and his wife, Melania, to watch Peking Opera at the Palace Museum.
The 20.7-meter-high Pavilion of Cheerful Melodies was built from 1772 to 1776 as the biggest theater in the Forbidden City. It was exclusively used for major celebrations and festivals, with spectators enjoying the performances from seats in the building to the north of the pavilion.
The three-story pavilion is equipped with many different types of apparatus that can create dramatic effects during performances. The area is now used as a gallery to display Chinese opera-related cultural relics of the royal court.
Following a long hiatus due to its restoration, the pavilion once again hosted a show of traditional Chinese operas and folk music in September as part of the Taihe Forum on Protecting the World's Ancient Civilizations.
午门 Meridian Gate
太和门 Gate of Supreme Harmony
乾清门 Gate of Heavenly Purity
神武门 Gate of Divine Prowess
东华门 East Prosperity Gate
太和殿 Hall of Supreme Harmony
中和殿 Hall of Central Harmony
保和殿 Hall of Preserving Harmony
养心殿 Hall of Mental Cultivation
交泰殿 Hall of Union
中正殿 Hall of Rectitude
奉先殿 Hall of Ancestral Worship
武英殿 Hall of Martial Valor
皇极殿 Hall of Imperial Zenith
乾清宫 Palace of Heavenly Purity
坤宁宫 Palace of Earthly Tranquility
翊坤宫 Palace of Earthly Honor
永和宫 Palace of Eternal Harmony
慈宁宫 Palace of Compassion and Tranquility
永寿宫 Palace of Eternal Longevity
钟翠宫 Palace of Accumulated Purity
景仁宫 Palace of Great Benevolence
储秀宫 Palace of Gathered Elegance
宁寿宫 Palace of Tranquil Longevity
咸福宫 Palace of Universal Happiness
寿康宫 Palace of Longevity and Health
金水桥 The Golden Water Bridge
珍妃井 Well of Pearl Concubine
御花园 The Imperial Garden
角楼 Arrow towers (turrets)
九龙壁 Nine-dragon Screen Wall
万春亭 Pavilion of Myriad Springtimes
千秋亭 Pavilion of One Thousand Autumns
斋 studio, lodge, etc
楼 building, sanctuary, hall
馆 lodge, hall
（来源：中国日报双语新闻微信 编辑：左卓 李雪晴 祝兴媛 焦洁）