爱思英语编者按:常春藤名校是众多海内外学子梦想中的学术殿堂,那你对常春藤名校了解多少呢?传统三巨头,地位稳固,而新兴的三巨头也势头正猛。一起了解一下吧。

“三巨头”(“The Big Three”)传统意义上指的是美国高等教育和常春藤高校的领衔者——哈佛、耶鲁和普林斯顿这三所美国东海岸的顶尖高校。先进齐全的设施、毋庸置疑的名望以及各个领域颇有建树的诸多校友,让这三所大学成为美国高校名副其实的“三巨头”。
“The Big Three” traditionally refers to those icons of American higher education and the Ivy League: Harvard, Yale and Princeton. These three East Coast schools boast amazing facilities, resumé-making prestige, and enormously successful alumni.

不过近来,人们注意到在这个国家的另一端,美国西海岸,加州“三巨头”也在蓬勃发展,呈三足鼎立之势。加州“三巨头”指加州大学体系中最具竞争力的三所大学;除了传统“三巨头”的优势之外,它们还拥有一个无与伦比的特质:加州“三巨头”都是公立大学,所以较常春藤高校而言,学费门槛更低。
Recently, however, a new three schools have been garnering attention on the opposite side of the country: the very best institutions in the University of California system, which make up the West Coast iteration of The Big Three. While this new Big Three boast a lot of the same advantages of the traditional trio, there are some notable differences – namely, that they are all public universities, and therefore much cheaper than the Ivy League schools.

此外,与常春藤高校相比,加州大学体系中的高校培养了更多拥有不同社会经济背景的人才,每所高校也各具特色。以下是西海岸“三巨头”的一些介绍,大家可作为参考。
In addition, the UCs have more of a range of socio-economic diversity than the Ivy League universities. Each of them also has its own unique quirks and and personality. Here's a basic guide to the best of the West:


1.)加州大学伯克利分校(University of California, Berkeley)
加州大学体系的王牌——加州大学伯克利分校(被爱称为“Cal”),是一所百年名校。“Cal”位于伯克利(旧金山湾东海岸的城市),在化学、社会学、工程学等多个领域成就突出,硕果累累,学术奖项成百上千。据统计,有72名诺贝尔奖得主都与“Cal”有着千丝万缕的关联,其中有“Cal”的教授、校友,还有研究学者;这一数据在全美所有公立大学中遥遥领先。迄今为止,伯克利的研究学者已经发现了6种元素,包括以学校本身命名的锫元素(Berkelium)。
The original flagship university of the UC system, the University of California, Berkeley – affectionately known as “Cal” – has been an elite university for more than a century. Located in Berkeley, a city on the Eastern shore of the San Francisco Bay, “Cal” excels in fields as diverse as chemistry, sociology and engineering, and has won hundreds of academic awards. Seventy-two Nobel Laureates have been affiliated with the university as faculty, alumni or researchers, the most of any public university in the United States! Researchers at the school have discover