Lesson 11 How to grow old
by BERTRAND RUSSELL
from Portraits from Memory
11-1. Some old people are oppressed by the fear of death.
oppress：使（心情等）沉重；使烦恼，折磨（to make someone feel unhappy, worried, or uncomfortable），
A sense of trouble ahead oppressed my spirits.
be oppressed by the unpleasant climate 被讨厌的气候弄得烦恼
a writer oppressed by his shortcomings
Somehow, the room oppressed him. 这房间不知怎么使他感到压抑。
11-2. In the young there is a justification for this feeling.
【讲解】in the young意为“在年轻人身上”。in sb.即为“在某人身上”。the young指年轻人。
justification：正当的理由；借口（a good and acceptable reason for doing something），
believe with amplejustification that someone is guilty
You have no justification for criticizing his in that way.
11-3. Young men who have reason to fear that they will be killed in battle may justifiably feel bitter in the thought that they have been cheated of the best things that life has to offer.
【讲解】who have reason…battle为定语从句，修饰young men。that they have cheated…offer为同位语从句，说明thought的内容。that life has to offer为定语从句，修饰things。
与cheat someone（out）of something类似的结构还有rob someone of something。