傲慢与偏见 Pride and Prejudice

时间:2014-09-19 11:20 状态:连载中 类别:经典小说 作者:[英] 简·奥斯丁
傲慢与偏见 Pride and Prejudice

《傲慢与偏见》是简·奥斯丁的代表作。这部作品以日常生活为素材,一反当时社会上流行的感伤小说的内容和矫揉造作的写作方法,生动地反映了18世纪末到19世纪初处于保守和闭塞状态下的英国乡镇生活和世态人情。这部社会风情画式的小说不仅在当时吸引着广大的读者,时至今日,仍给读者以独特的艺术享受。本书屡次被改编为电影。

Pride and Prejudice is the story of Mr and Mrs Bennet (minor gentry), their five daughters, and the various romantic adventures at their Hertfordshire residence of Longbourn. The parents' characters are greatly contrasted: Mr Bennet being a wise and witty gentleman; while Mrs Bennet is permanently distracted by the issue of marrying off her daughters at any cost. The reason for Mrs Bennet's obsession is that their estate will pass by law after Mr Bennet's death to his closest blood relative: his cousin, the Reverend William Collins (a fatuous, tactless and pompous man). Austen's tale is spurred on by the arrival of the young and wealthy bachelor Charles Bingley and his friend Fitzwilliam Darcy. It is the story of the various affections, affectations and engagement shenanigans that develop due to Mrs Bennet's relentless matchmaking and the dashing Darcy's tempestuous relationship with Elizabeth Bennet who Jane Austen claimed was favourite amongst her literary offspring. Its 1797 earlier version was turned down for publication and it appeared in this form in 1813.

简·奥斯汀(Jane Austen,1775年12月16日-1817年7月18日),生于英国汉普郡,19世纪英国文学家,世界文学史上最具影响力的女性文学家之一,父亲是当地教区牧师。奥斯汀没有上过正规学校,但受到较好的家庭教育,主要教材就是父亲的文学藏书。奥斯汀一家爱读流行小说,多半是庸俗的消遣品。她少女时期的习作就是对这类流行小说的滑稽模仿,这样就形成了她作品中嘲讽的基调。她20岁左右开始写作,共发表了6部长篇小说。1811年出版的《理智与情感》是她的处女作,随后又接连发表了《傲慢与偏见》(1813)、《曼斯菲尔德花园》(1814)和《爱玛》(1815)。《诺桑觉寺》(又名《诺桑觉修道院》)和《劝导》(1818)是在她去世后第二年发表的,并署上了作者真名。

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