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GRE阅读长难句备考资料总结(17)

来源:  日期:2015-01-14 12:28  阅读 250 次  作者:   划词  进入论坛  投稿

17. if one begins by examining why ancients refer to amazons , it becomes clear that ancient greek descriptions of such societies were meant not so much to represent observed historical fact 每real amazonian societies 每 but rather to offer ※moral lessons§ on the supposed outcome of women*s rule in their own society . (4)

难句类型:复杂修饰、插入语、抽象词

解释:有两个词汇需要先解释一下:something be meant to represent是use something to mean的被动语态。mean在这里不是常用的"……的意思是"的意思,而是表示做某事所表达的目的、意图,其英文释义为:to serve or intend to convey, show, or indicate。句中的结构为:something be meant not so much to,,, but rather to, 实际上是把be meant to和not rather 的两个固定搭配套在一起,意思是:不是为了...而是为了...

另外,suppose的意思很抽象,不容易理解。此词既有据信、被认为的意思,也有预期的意思,还有表示贬义的假想的被想当然的意思。

本句的supposed用法极其特殊,在此处的意思,用以上任何一个释义来理解居然都可以成立,既是在说一个预期的社会状态,又是在说一个虚构出来的、本来不存在的社会状态,其用法类似于中文中的一语双关,是文章作者自以为文笔精妙之处。

意群训练::if one begins by examining why ancients refer to amazons, it becomes clear that ancient greek descriptions of such societies were meant not so much to represent observed historical fact- real amazonian societies- but rather to offer"moral lessons" on the supposed outcome of women's rule in their own society.
 

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