近日,英国剑桥大学存在风险研究中心(CESR)公布了人类灭绝的10种可能,并对它们的风险等级进行了排序。CESR认为美国总统特朗普也可能引发世界末日,并且认为这种可能性居然超过了行星撞地球、气候变化以及机器人杀手等威胁。一起来看看世界末日究竟会以何种方式到来吧!

人类灭绝的10种可能 特朗普入围

Artificial Intelligence

人工智能

人类灭绝的10种可能 特朗普入围

Humanity faces an uncertain future as technology learns to think for itself and adapt to its environment.

由于科技开始学习自我思考并适应环境,人类正面临着一个不确定的未来。

Nick Bostrom, an outside adviser to Cambridge University's Study of Existential Risk (CESR), predicts that machines will attain 90 percent of human-level intelligence by 2075.

英国剑桥大学存在风险研究中心(CESR)外聘顾问尼克•博斯特罗姆预言,到2075年机器的智力水平将达到人类的90%。

The threat posed to the human race if they developed beyond our understanding and control has been compared to the development of nuclear weapons.

如果机器的发展超出我们的理解和掌控,那么其对于人类的威胁可以与核武器的诞生相提并论。

CESR believe that artificial intelligence could create a multitude of risks that threaten human existence in the near future, as so place it as a very high priority.

CESR认为,人工智能在不久的将来可能对人类生存构成众多威胁,所以将其列为高优先级的威胁。

Bio-hacking

生物黑客

人类灭绝的10种可能 特朗普入围

Superbugs capable of everything from curing diseases to mopping up pollution could one day become reality, through synthetic biology.

从治疗疾病到清除污染,合成生物学有朝一日会让无所不能的超级细菌变成现实。

But experiments with bio-engineering could have unexpected and extremely dangerous results and are being been given a very high priority by CESR.

但是生物工程试验可能带来意想不到且极其危险的后果,而CESR则认为其危险性极高。

As current experiments work with self-replicating micro-organisms, like viruses, there is a high risk that any such material that escaped the lab could cause a global pandemic.

目前,病毒试验等可自我复制微生物试验可能使此类物质从实验室泄露,这会引发全球性疾病,此类情形极有可能发生。

Killer robots

机器人杀手

人类灭绝的10种可能 特朗普入围

Fully autonomous weapons, also known as 'killer robots,' are quickly moving from the realm of science fiction toward reality.

全自动武器也被称为“机器人杀手”,它正迅速从科幻小说走向现实世界。

Removing humans from the targeting decision would create a dangerous world, with machines making life-and-death determinations outside of human control.

当机器在做出生死决定时不受人类控制,在决定目标时将人类排除在外,世界将变得非常危险。

And there are greater fears that killer robots could one day turn against their creators, although CESR feels that this threat is currently a low priority.

而更加让人担心的是机器人杀手有一天可能会背叛他们的缔造者,不过,CESR认为目前机器人杀手的风险等级相对较低。