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Why are legends handed down by storytellers useful? 新概念英语mp3同步音频【英音版】 英音版MP3下载 LRC字幕下载 (记得要将它们放同一目录中才能同步播放) [荐]


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First listen and then answer the following question.
听录音,然后回答以下问题。

Why are legends handed down by storytellers useful?

We can read of things that happened 5,000 years ago in the Near East, where people first learned to write. But there are some parts of the word where even now people cannot write. The only way that they can preserve their history is to recount it as sagas -- legends handed down from one generation of another. These legends are useful because they can tell us something about migrations of people who lived long ago, but none could write down what they did. Anthropologists wondered where the remote ancestors of the Polynesian peoples now living in the Pacific Islands came from. The sagas of these people explain that some of them came from Indonesia about 2,000 years ago.
But the first people who were like ourselves lived so long ago that even their sagas, if they had any, are forgotten. So archaeologists have neither history nor legends to help them to find out where the first 'modern men' came from.
Fortunately, however, ancient men made tools of stone, especially flint, because this is easier to shape than other kinds. They may also have used wood and skins, but these have rotted away. Stone does not decay, and so the tools of long ago have remained when even the bones of the men who made them have disappeared without trace.
ROBIN PLACE Finding fossil man


New words and expressions 生词和短语

fossil man (title)
adj. 化石人
recount
v. 叙述
saga
n. 英雄故事
legend
n. 传说,传奇
migration
n. 迁移,移居
anthropologist
n. 人类学家
archaeologist
n. 考古学家
ancestor
n. 祖先
Polynesian
adj.波利尼西亚(中太平洋之一群岛)的
Indonesia
n. 印度尼西亚
flint
n. 燧石
rot
n. 烂掉

参考译文
我们从书籍中可读到5,000 年前近东发生的事情,那里的人最早学会了写字。但直到现在,世界上有些地方,人们还不会书写。 他们保存历史的唯一办法是将历史当作传说讲述,由讲述人一代接一代地将史实描述为传奇故事口传下来。人类学家过去不清楚如今生活在太平洋诸岛上的波利尼西亚人的祖先来自何方,当地人的传说却告诉人们:其中一部分是约在2,000年前从印度尼西亚迁来的。
但是,和我们相似的原始人生活的年代太久远了,因此,有关他们的传说既使有如今也失传了。于是,考古学家们既缺乏历史记载,又无口头传说来帮助他们弄清最早的“现代人”是从哪里来的。
然而, 幸运的是,远古人用石头制作了工具,非凡是用燧石,因为燧石较之其他石头更轻易成形。他们也可能用过木头和兽皮,但这类东西早已腐烂殆尽。石头是不会腐烂的。因此,尽管制造这些工具的人的骨头早已荡然无存,但远古时代的石头工具却保存了下来。

New words and expressions

recount v.叙述 再数一次
record 第一个音节带重音,名前动后 叙述:recount : emotionless
重复
describe
depict: a little emotional
narrate: temporal&spacial 根据时间或空间顺序描述。
portray:描述
saga n.英雄故事
描述的内容mostly real 北欧海盗活动的故事
legend n.传说,传奇
unreal e.g robin hood
anthropologist/ 'AnWr['pCl[dVist/ n.人类学家
anthrop:人
philosophere :philo+sopher|爱+聪明=哲学家
philanthropist : 慈善家(对人有爱心的人)
anthropology :人类学
带-gy结尾的都是学科:biology 生物学 geography 地理学 ecology 生态学
remote/ ri'm[ut/ n.遥远
ancestor / 'Ansest[/ n.祖先
an
在前面
forefather,forebear ,predecessor祖先
rot v.烂掉
leave me rot.=leave me along
rot to death.
soon ripe,soon rotten.
decay 国家民族逐渐衰亡 decompose 逐渐衰竭 deteriorate关系逐渐恶化
trace n.痕迹,踪迹
trace the problem
i follow your trace=i follow where you go
polynesia 波利尼西亚
poly-多
polyandric: a wife with more than one husband polygeny : a husband with more than one wife
flint /flint/ n.燧石 flinting hearted
fossil n. 化石 cobble 鹅卵石 Notes on the text

课文注释
read of 读到
谈到:speak of ,talk of ,know of,hear of
near east:近东 mediterranean, south europe,north afric far east
非限定性从句,表原因
oral(spoken) language is earlier than written language. precede :什么在什么之前,不用比较,直接跟名词 counterpart: two things or two people have the same position oral(spoken) language is earlier than written counterpart.
preserve: 保留,保存(腌制) 假如句中有only,那后面的表语结构就要用to do sth,而不是doing sth. storyteller: 讲故事的人
fortuneteller, palmreader: 算命先生
migration :移民
1)migrant
2)immigrant v. migrate:迁移,迁徙
migratory bird:候鸟 none: no body people+s 民族
if they had any: 即便是有
his relatives,if he had
any,never went to visit him when he was hospitalized.
find out千方百计,费尽周折=explore modern men :the men who were like ourselves however-anywhere you want ,加逗号
but,yet-不加标点,only at the beginning of the sentence therefore-自由
so-自由
tool:小工具 instrument:实验器械 equipment:设备
shape:成型;教育,改造 may also have:表推测 peel:果皮
leather:皮革
hide:兽皮
cowhide:牛皮
without (any) trace:无影无踪