新概念英语Lesson 58 Painting as a Pastime绘画消遣

A gifted American psychologist has said, 'Worry is a spasm of the emotion; the mind catches hold of
something and will not let it go.' It is useless to argue with the mind in this condition. The stronger
the will, the more futile the task. One can only gently insinuate something else into its convulsive
grasp. And if this something else is rightly chosen, if it is really attended by the illumination of
another field of interest, gradually, and often quite swiftly, the old undue grip relaxes and the
process of recuperation and repair begins.
The cultivation of a hobby and new forms of interest is therefore a policy of first importance to a
public man. But this is not a Business that can be undertaken in a day or swiftly improvised by a
mere command of the will. The growth of alternative mental interests is a long process. The seeds
must be carefully chosen; they must fall on good ground; they must be sedulously tended, if the
vivifying fruits are to be at hand when needed.
To be really happy and really safe, one ought to have at least two or three hobbies, and they must all
be real. It is no use starting late in life to say: 'I will take an interest in this or that.' Such an attempt
only aggravates the strain of mental effort. A man may acquire great knowledge of topics
unconnected with his daily work, and yet hardly get any benefit or relief. It is no use doing what you
like, you have got to like what you do. Broadly speaking, human beings may be divided into three
classes: those who are toiled to death, those who are worried to death, and those who are bored to
death. It is no use offering the manual labourer, tired out with a hard week's sweat and effort, the
chance of playing a game of football or baseball on Saturday afternoon. It is no use inviting the
politician or the professional or Business man, who has been working or worrying about serious
things for six days, to work or worry about trifling things at the week-end.
As for the unfortunate people who can command everything they want, who can gratify every
caprice and lay their hands on almost every object of desire for them a new pleasure, a new
excitement is only an additional satiation. In vain they rush frantically round from place to place,
trying to escape from avenging boredom by mere clatter and motion. For them discipline in one
form or another is the most hopeful path.
It may also be said that rational, industrious, useful human beings are divided into two classes: first,
those whose work is work and whose pleasure is pleasure; and secondly, those whose work and
pleasure are one. Of these the former are the majority. They have their compensations. The long
hours in the office or the factory bring with them as their reward, not only the means of sustenance,
but a keen appetite for pleasure even in its simplest and most modest forms. But fortune's favoured
children belong to the second class. Their life is a natural harmony. For them the working hours are
never long enough. Each day is a holiday, and ordinary holidays when they come are grudged as
enforced interruptions in an absorbing vocation. Yet to both classes the need of an alternative
outlook, of a change of atmosphere, of a diversion of effort, is essential. Indeed, it may well be that
those whose work is their pleasure are those who most need the means of banishing it at intervals
from their minds.

New words and expressions 生词短语
psychologistn. 心理学家
gifted adj. 有天才的
spasm n. 一阵(感情)发作
catch hold of 抓住
futileadj. 无用的
insinuatevt. 使潜入,暗示
convulsiveadj. 起痉挛的
illuminationn. 启发,照明
undue adj. 不适应的
gripn.紧张
improvisevt. 临时作成
sedulouslyadv.孜孜不倦地
tendvt.照管
aggravatevt 加剧.
broadly speaking 大体上说
toilvt.劳累
trifling adj.微小的
gratifyvt.使满意
capricen.任性
satiationn.满足
in vain 徒劳
frantically adv.狂乱地
avengevt.替…报复
boredom n.厌烦
cluttern.喧闹的谈话
sustenance n.生计
keen adj.强烈的
appetiten.欲望
favouredadj.受到偏爱的
grudgevt.怨恨
absorbing adj.引人入胜的
banishvt.排除,放弃
pastimen. 消遣