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Why was Rastus 'very dear' in more ways than one?为什么埃莉诺的这只猫在多重意义上被称为"very dear"? 新概念英语mp3同步音频【英音版】 英音版MP3下载 LRC字幕下载 (记得要将它们放同一目录中才能同步播放) [荐]


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Listen to the tape then answer the question below.
听录音,然后回答以下问题。
Why was Rastus 'very dear' in more ways than one?

Kidnappers are rarely interested in animals, but they recently took considerable interest in Mrs. Eleanor Ramsay's cat. Mrs. Eleanor Ramsay, a very wealthy old lady, has shared a flat with her cat, Rastus, for a great many years. Rastus leads an orderly life. He usually takes a short walk in the evenings and is always home by seven o'clock. One evening, however, he failed to arrive. Mrs. Ramsay got very worried. She looked everywhere for him but could not find him.
There days after Rastus' disappearance, Mrs. Ramsay received an anonymous letter. The writer stated that Rastus was in safe hands and would be returned immediately if Mrs. Ramsay paid a ransom of $1,000. Mrs. Ramsay was instructed to place the money in a cardboard box and to leave it outside her door. At first she decided to go to the police, but fearing that she would never see Rastus again -- the letter had made that quite clear -- she changed her mind. She withdrew $1000 from her bank and followed the kidnapper's instructions. The next morning, the box had disappeared but Mrs. Ramsay was sure that the kidnapper would keep his word. Sure enough, Rastus arrived punctually at seven o'clock that evening. He looked very well though he was rather thirsty, for he drank half a bottle of milk. The police were astounded when Mrs. Ramsay told them what she had done. She explained that Rastus was very dear to her. Considering the amount she paid, he was dear in more ways than one!

New words and expressions 生词和短语

dear
adj. 亲爱的,珍贵的;昂贵的

kidnapper
n. 绑架者,拐骗者

considerable
adj. 相当大的

wealthy
adj. 富的,有钱的

orderly
adj. 有规律的

disappearance
n. 失踪

anonymous
adj. 匿名的

ransom
n. 赎金

cardboard
n. 硬纸板

withdraw(withdrew, withdrawn)
v. (从银行)取钱

punctually
adv. 准时地

astound
v. 使吃惊

参考译文

绑架者很少对动物感爱好。最近,绑架者却盯上了埃莉诺.拉姆齐太太的猫。埃莉诺.拉姆齐太太是一个非常富有的老妇人,多年来,一直同她养的猫拉斯一起住在一所公寓里。拉斯特斯生活很有规律,傍晚经常出去溜达一会儿,并且总是在7点钟以前回来。可是,有一天晚上,它出去后再也没回来。拉姆齐太太急坏了,四处寻找,但没有找着。
拉斯特斯失踪3天后,拉姆齐太太收到一封匿名信。写信人声称拉斯特斯安然无恙,只要拉姆齐太太愿意支付1,000 英镑赎金,可以立即将猫送还。他让拉姆齐太太把钱放在一个纸盒里,然后将纸盒放在门口。一开始拉姆齐太太打算报告警察,但又害怕再也见不到拉斯特斯——这点,信上说得十分明白——于是便改变了主意。她从银行取出1,000 英镑,并照绑架者的要求做了。第二天早晨,放钱的盒子不见了。但拉姆齐太太确信绑架者是会履行诺言的。果然,当天晚上7点正,拉斯特斯准时回来了。它看上去一切正常,只是口渴得很,喝了半瓶牛奶。拉姆齐太太把她所做的事告诉了警察,警察听后大为吃惊。拉姆齐太太解释说她心疼她的猫拉斯特斯。想到她所花的那笔钱,她的心疼就具有双重意义了。

New words and expression 生词和短语
Dear adj.亲爱的,珍贵的;昂贵的
Dear = Costly(adj.昂贵的, 珍贵的)= expensive
-- I can't afford the car because it's too dear.
Dear adj.珍贵的, 宝贵的
-- The cat is dear to me.(adj.珍贵的)
-- The lamb is prize to Mary = The lamb is dear to Mary
cost somebody dear 花了某人很多钱(dear adv.昂贵地, 价高地)
-- The cat cost the lady dear.

kidnapper n.绑架者,拐骗者
kidnap vt.诱拐(小孩), 绑架, 勒赎 -- They kidnapped five hostages.(n.人质, 抵押品)

considerable adj.相当大的
-- a considerable business. 大型企业。
-- He has got a considerable success.
Considerably adv.相当大地, 相当多地(= much, a lot , a great deal)
-- It's considerably colder today than yesterday.
Considerate(adj.考虑周到的)= thoughtful(adj.体贴的, 关切的)
be considerate to somebody 对某人很体贴
-- Are you considerate/thoughful to your wife?
Considered(adj.经慎重考虑的, 经过熟思的)
-- It's my considered opinion.
all things considered 就各方面而言
-- All things considered, he finished the work well.
Considering prep.conj.adv.就…而论;照…来看;考虑到…
介词-- Considering his age, the little boy reads very well.
就他的年龄来说, 这小孩读得算挺好的。
连词-- They have done it well considering (that) they have no experience.
副词-- He studies English well, considering. 就各方面而言, 他英语学得很好。
= He studies English well, all things considered.

Wealthy adj.富的,有钱的
Orderly adj.有规律的
Disappearance n.失踪
Anonymous adj.匿名的

Ransom n.赎金
pay ransom to somebody
-- The old lady paid a ransom of one thousand pounds to the kidnapper.
hold somebody to ransom 绑架某人为了赎金 -- They kidnapped the boy and held him to ransom.

Cardboard n.硬纸板

Withdraw (withdrew, withdrawn) v.(从银行)取钱

punctually adv.准时地
punctual adj.严守时刻的, 准时的 Punctuality n.准时

astound v.使吃惊
surprise, astonish, amaze, astound 语气一个比一个强
-- He was astounded to hear of her death.
-- They were amazed to find the lazy girl came very early.
Surprising adj.令人惊奇的 Surprised adj.感到惊奇的

Flat n.平面, 平地, 一层, 公寓 adj.平坦的, 扁平的
Word n.字, 词, 话
Sure adj.对....有把握, 确信某事 adv.的确, 当然
Amount n.数量

Text 课文
Why was Rastus 'very dear' in more ways than one?
Kidnappers are rarely interested in animals, but they recently took considerable interest in Mrs.
Rarely = seldom adv.很少地
be interest in = take interest in (一句话中用不同的表达方式, 是为了避免从复)
took great interest in = take enormous/tremendous interest in

Eleanor Ramsay's cat. Mrs. Eleanor Ramsay, a very wealthy old lady, has shared a flat with her cat, Rastus, for a great many years.
share something with somebody 和某人分享某物
-- I share the room with my friend.
For a great many years = for a long time.

Rastus leads an orderly life. He usually takes a short walk in the evenings and is always home by seven o'clock.
Orderly adj.有秩序的, 有顺序的
Discipline v.练习 n.纪律, 学科
Disciplined n.受过练习的,遵守纪律的
Regular adj.规则的, 有秩序的
takes a short walk = goes for a walk = goes for a stroll
stroll n.漫步, 闲逛

One evening, however, he failed to arrive.
Mrs. Ramsay got very worried. She looked everywhere for him but could not find him.

However的使用表明:he isn’t home that evening.
look for, find

There days after Rastus' disappearance, Mrs. Ramsay received an anonymous letter.
after可以和名词搭配  
-- three days after Johnson’s arrival. 约翰逊到来三天之后。
-- three days after the kidnapper’s appearance.

The writer stated that Rastus was in safe hands and would be returned immediately if Mrs. Ramsay paid a ransom of $1,000.
State 非常正式的声明

Mrs. Ramsay was instructed to place the money in a cardboard box and to leave it outside her door.
Instruct = order(vt.命令) = tell formally(adv.正式地, 形式上)
be instructed to do something
-- The journalist was instructed to obtain the exact statistics.

At first she decided to go to the police, but fearing that she would never see Rastus again – the letter had made that quite clear -- she changed her mind.
Fearing 现在分词做原因状语
make it clear to somebody that…(it是形式主语)
-- The teacher has made it clear to us that we must read English aloud every day.

She withdrew $1000 from her bank and followed the kidnapper's instructions.

The next morning, the box had disappeared but Mrs. Ramsay was sure that the kidnapper would keep his word.
Keep his word = keep his promise 遵守诺言
word表示诺言时, 要采用单数形式
keep his word 遵守诺言 / break his word 失信用
give somebody one's word 向某人保证
-- I give you my word that I will return your bicycle.
as good as one's word 表示守信用(侧重点在于强调一个结果)
-- He promised to pay me the money and he was as good as his word.
他许诺把钱给我, 正如他所言他遵守了他的诺言。
go back on one's word 食言, 违反诺言

Sure enough, Rastus arrived punctually at seven o'clock that evening.
sure enough 强调确实如此
-- I said it would happen, and sure enough it did happen.

He looked very well though he was rather thirsty, for he drank half a bottle of milk.
half a bottle of milk 半瓶牛奶
half the money 一半的钱 / half the distance 一半的距离

The police were astounded when Mrs. Ramsay told them what she had done.
She explained that Rastus was very dear to her.

Considering the amount she paid, he was dear in more ways than one!
in more ways than one = in many ways
dear具有双重意义(即是亲爱的, 又是昂贵的)

Special difficulties 难点
逗号的用法:
1>三个或三个以上的词、短语或句子只用一个并列连接词来连接,他们之间就要用逗号,并列连接词前也要用逗号
-- He opened the letter, read it, and made a note of its contents.
2>插入语或同位语前后必须用逗号分开
-- I own over a thousand books and, to make matters wore, the room is rather small.
3>状语从句位于句首时也要用逗号和主句分隔开来,放在句尾则不需要
-- After we had visited the market, we returned home.
= We returned home after we had visited the market.
4>非限定性定语从句必须用逗号分开
-- Thanks to the English Channel, which separates Britain from Europe, the country has not been
invaded since 1066.
5>语次转变词也应该用逗号将其和句子其他成分分开
-- A few cars, however, completed the race.
-- He feared the examination. He couldn’t, therefore, continued his study at school.
= He feared the examination. Therefore, He couldn’t continued his study at school.
6>介词短语和分词短语位于句首时, 也必须加逗号加以分隔。
-- Taking off his jacket, George pushed his arm through the drain cover.
-- With some children, small money goes a long way.

Multiple choice questions 多项选择
1. A正确 could and would 愿意并有能力 companion n.同伴, 共事者
2. B正确 on what conditions 在什么样的基础之上 reveal vt.展现, 显示, 揭示, 暴露
3. A正确 greatly adv.很, 非常
4. B正确 for a great many years(用完成时)
5. D正确
6. A正确 reaction n.反应, 反作用
根据语法规则:
主语是ambition, duty, goal, hope, idea, intention, mistake, plan, policy, purpose, reaction, suggestion等名词的时, 句子的表语必须是to不定式短语, 该不定式短语是说明其内容的。
-- His purpose in life was to seek truth instead of money.
-- Our plan is to make better use of this material.
7. B正确  for fear of/that
-- They are working hard for fear that they should fail.
= They are working hard for fear of failure.
afraid for 侧重点表示:为...感到担心, 害怕失去
-- The parents are often are afraid for their children. 父母常为孩子担心。
-- He was afraid for his job. 他害怕丢工作。
-- I am not afraid for my head. 我不怕掉脑袋。
8. D正确 修饰money用large
9. D正确
measured adj.慎重的, 有节奏的, 标准的, 整洁的, 有规则的
regular adj.强调有规则的 disciplined n.受过练习的, 遵守纪律的
10.B正确 
go for a walk = go for a stroll
go on/for a trek 进行艰苦的跋涉
-- trek n.牛拉车旅行, 艰苦跋涉
go for a trot 去散步
-- trot n.小跑, 骑马, 疾走, 忙碌 lane n.(乡间)小路, 巷, 里弄
-- I'm going for a trot down the lane. 我正沿着巷子小跑。
11.C正确 sure enough = as (was) expected
without a doubt adv.无疑地
as a matter of fact adv.事实上(in fact = actually 实际上, 事实上)
12.A正确 healthy adj.健康的, 健壮的
sane(adj.神志清楚的, 头脑清楚的)= sensible(明智的, 有判定力的)