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What was the name of the first plane to fly across the English Channel?飞跃英吉利海峡的第一架飞机叫什么名字? 新概念英语mp3同步音频【英音版】 英音版MP3下载 LRC字幕下载 (记得要将它们放同一目录中才能同步播放) [荐]


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Listen to the tape then answer the question below.
听录音,然后回答以下问题。
What was the name of the first plane to fly across the English Channel?

In 1908 Lord Northcliffe offered a prize of $1,000 to the first man who would fly across the English Channel. Over a year passed before the first attempt was made. On July 19th, 1909, in the early morning, Hubert Latham took off from the French coast in his plane the 'Antoinette IV.' He had travelled only seven miles across the Channel when his engine failed and he was forced to land on sea. The 'Antoinette' floated on the water until Latham was picked up by a ship.
Two days alter, Louis Bleriot arrived near Calais with a plane called 'No. XI'. Bleriot had been making planes since 1905 and this was his lattes model. A week before, he had completed a successful overland flight during which he covered twenty-six miles. Latham, however, did not give up easily. He, too, arrived near Calais on the same day with a new 'Antoinette'. It looked as if there would be an exciting race across the Channel. Both planes were going to take off on July 25th, but Latham failed to get up early enough, After making a short test flight at 4,15 a.m., Bleriot set off half an hour later. His great flight lasted thirty-seven minutes. When he landed near Dover, the first person to greet him was a local policeman. Latham made another attempt a week later and got within half a mile of Dover, but he was unlucky again. His engine failed and he landed on the sea for the second time.

New words and expressions 生词和短语

pioneer
n. 先驱

lord
n. 对(英国)贵族的尊称;勋爵

Calais
n. 加来(法国港市)

overland
adj. 陆上的

参考译文

1908年,诺斯克利夫勋爵拿出1,000英镑,作为对第一个飞越英吉利海峡的人的奖励。然而一年多过去了才有人出来尝试。1909年7月19日凌晨,休伯特.莱瑟姆驾驶“安特瓦特4号”飞机从法国海岸起飞,但他只在海峡上空飞行7英里,引擎就发生了故障,他只好降落在海面上。“安特瓦特”号飞机在海上漂浮,后来有船经过,莱瑟姆方才获救。
两天之后,路易斯.布莱里奥驾驶一名为“11号”的飞机来到加来四周。布莱里奥从1905年起便开始研制飞机,“11号”飞机是他制作的最新型号。一周以前,他曾成功地进行了一次26英里的陆上飞行。但是莱瑟姆不肯轻易罢休。同一天,他驾驶一架新的“安特瓦特”号飞机来到了加来四周。看来会有一场激烈的飞越英吉利海峡的竞争。两天飞机都打算在7月25日起飞,但莱瑟姆那天起床晚了。布莱里奥凌晨4点15分作了一次短距离试飞,半小时后便正式出发了。他这次伟大的飞行持续37分钟。当他在多佛着陆后,第一个迎接他的是当地一名警察。莱瑟姆一周以后也作了一次尝试,飞到离多佛不到半英里的地方。这次他又遭厄运,因引擎故障第二次降落在海面上。

New words and expression 生词和短语
Pioneer n.先驱 vi.vt.开拓, 为…开路, 作先驱者
Young pioneer 少先队员
A pioneer of operation 手术的开创者
Advocate n.提倡者, 鼓吹者vt.提倡, 鼓吹 -- pioneer adult education 倡导成人教育

lord n.对(英国)贵族的尊称;勋爵
lordless adj.无君主的, 无丈夫的
lordship n.贵族权力, 贵族身份
lordly adj.adv.高傲的, 贵族般地, 有气派地
duke n.公爵
marquis n.(英国等的)侯爵(亦作:marquess)
earl n.<英>伯爵
viscount n.(英国的)子爵
baron n.男爵(英国世袭的最低级的贵族爵位) , 大财主(女性为: baroness)

Calais n.加来(法国港市)

Overland adj.陆上的
Overnight n.头天晚上 adj.通宵的, 晚上的, 前夜的 adv.在前一夜, 整夜, 昨晚一晚上
-- an overnight trip一整夜的旅行 / an overnight guest 过夜的客人
overpopulated adj.人口过密的, 人口过剩的
overseas adv.海外 adj.外国的, 海外的
over 动词(over表示超过)
overeat vt.使吃过量 vi.吃得过多
oversleep vt.(使)睡过头 vi.睡过头, 睡得太久
overwork n.过度工作 v.(使)工作过度
overcharge v.讨价过高, 使过量装填, 过度充电 n.超载, 过重的负担, 过度充电
overestimate vt.评价过高 n.估计的过高

pilot n.飞行员, 领航员, 引水员
engine n.发动机, 机车, 火车头
Calais 加来(法国北部港市)
Latest adj.最后的, 最迟的, 最新的, 最近的 n.最新消息, 最新式样
Last vi.持续, 支持, 维持
Dover n.多佛(英国东南部的港口)

Text 课文
What was the name of the first plane to fly across the English Channel?
In 1908 Lord Northcliffe offered a prize of f1,000 to the first man who would fly across the English Channel.
the first man who would fly across… = the first man to fly across...
序数词和动词不定式to搭配连用可以代替其后的定语从句
-- the first person to greet him was a local policeman
-- She was the only one to survive the plane crash. 她是唯一幸存与飞机失事的人。
= She was the only one that survive the plane crash.

Over a year passed before the first attempt was made.
假如before所引导的时间状语从句之前出现段时间(则最佳翻译方法:才...)
attempt n.努力, 尝试, 企图 vt.尝试, 企图(attempt的语气比try强烈)
in one's attempt
-- She failed in her attempt to swim the English Channel. 她横度英吉利海峡的尝试失败了。
make an attempt on
-- He made an attempt on the mountain. 他试图攀登那座山。
make an attempt to do
-- She made every attempt to run away. 她想尽一切办法逃走。
make no attempt
-- She made no attempt to run away. 她没有想逃走。

On July 19th, 1909, in the early morning, Hubert Latham took off from the French coast in his plane the 'Antoinette IV.'

He had travelled only seven miles across the Channel when his engine failed and he was forced to land on sea.
When = at that moment
Failed = break down 失灵, 出故障
Fail 失败、忽视
-- She failed to win the prize.
-- When I saw him, my words failed me. 当我见到他的时候, 我不知道说什么好了。
be forced to do 被迫做某事

The 'Antoinette' floated on the water until Latham was picked up by a ship.
picked up = save = rescue

Two days alter, Louis Bleriot arrived near Calais with a plane called 'No. XI'. Bleriot had been making planes since 1905 and this was his lattes model.
with a plane(with 具有、带有)-- a suitcase with a handle

A week before, he had completed a successful overland flight during which he covered twenty-six miles.
= A week before, he had completed a successful overland flight and during the flight he covered
twenty-six miles.
-- during which = during flight
Latham, however, did not give up easily.
He, too, arrived near Calais on the same day with a new 'Antoinette'.

It looked as if there would be an exciting race across the Channel.
It looked as if 似乎, 看起来
-- It looked as if there would be a heavy storm.

Both planes were going to take off on July 25th, but Latham failed to get up early enough.

After making a short test flight at 4,15 a.m., Bleriot set off half an hour later.
make a short test flight 做段距离试飞之后

His great flight lasted thirty-seven minutes.
When he landed near Dover, the first person to greet him was a local policeman.

= When he landed near Dover, the first person who greeted him was a local policeman.

Latham made another attempt a week later and got within half a mile of Dover, but he was unlucky again.
make another attempt 做了另一次试飞

His engine failed and he landed on the sea for the second time.
for the first time / for the second time

Key structures 要害句型
介词和关系代词搭配的用法:(决定介词位置的四个因素)
1>在正式的用法和用于书面语中, 当定语从句的关系代词是介词的宾语时, 能够把可移位
的介词提前放在关系代词的前面。
-- This is the person about whom I was telling you.
-- Is this the book for which you asked me?
2>在非正式的用法和口语当中, 介词一般要放在从句的末尾。
3>有些动词+介词, 合成词组被看作是不可分隔的语言单位。这个时候介词必须紧跟动词,
不可移位
-- take after, account for
4>在很多情况下, 介词和关系代词构成独立的介词短语, 在从句中起着状语作用, 与从句的
谓语动词毫无关系, 不是谓语动词的一部分。这时介词始终位于关系代词之前。
-- He described it was a very agreeable situation located within two small hills. In the midst of
two small hills, flowed a great river.  He described it as a very agreeable situations located
within tow small hills in the midst of which flowed a great river.
-- Mrs. Ramsay received an anonymous letter in which the writer stated that Rastus was in safe
hands.

Multiple choice questions 多项选择
1. C正确 develop(vt.使显出, 出现, 产生) take-off(n.起飞)
2. B正确
3. B正确 forced landing 迫降 properly(adv.适当地, 完全地)
4. C正确 序数词和不定式搭配连用
5. A正确 not till / not until
6. C正确 有just一般用完成时
7. D正确 promised vt.预示(有可能发生好的迹象)
threaten 预示…的恶兆
-- The river of liquid rock threatened to surround him completely, but Tazieff managed to escape
just in time. 这股岩浆威胁着要将他团团围住,但泰哲夫还是设法及时躲开了。
8. A正确
9. C 正确 no further 修饰距离 (-- I can walk no further. 我再也走不动了。)
no longer 修饰时间或长度 (-- He no longer lives here. 他再也不住这了。)
no more 修饰某物 (-- I can eat no more. 我再也吃不下了。)
10.D正确 -- The ship rode the waves. 这艘船漂浮在水面上。
hold water 论点或观点站得住脚 -- What you said doesn’t hold water. 你的话站不得住脚。
Watertight adj. 无懈可击的, 不漏水的, 不透水的 -- a watertight contract. 严密的合同
11.A正确
12.D正确 immense adj.修饰面积大得难以测量 grand adj.宏伟的, 壮丽的, 盛大的