您的位置: 爱思网 > 品牌英语 > 新概念英语 > 新概念英语第三册 > Lesson 12 Life on a desert island 荒岛生活

Lesson 12 Life on a desert island 荒岛生活

来源:24EN.COM  日期:2008-06-26 00:00  阅读 17105 次  作者: NB   划词  进入论坛  投稿
听录音,然后回答以下问题:
What was exceptional about the two men's stay on the desert island?这两个在荒岛上的生活有什么非凡之处? 新概念英语mp3同步音频【英音版】 英音版MP3下载 LRC字幕下载 (记得要将它们放同一目录中才能同步播放) [荐]


新概念英语mp3同步音频【美音版】 美音版MP3下载 LRC字幕下载 [新版 高清楚]

Listen to the tape then answer the question below.
听录音,然后回答以下问题。
What was exceptional about the two men's stay on the desert island?

Most of us have formed an unrealistic picture of life on a desert island. We sometimes imagine a desert island to be a sort of paradise where the sun always shines. Life there is simple and good. Ripe fruit falls from the trees and you never have to work. The other side of the picture is quite the opposite. Life on a desert island is wretched. You either starve to death or live like Robinson Crusoe, Waiting for a boat which never comes. Perhaps there is an element of truth in both these pictures, but few us have had the opportunity to find out.
Two men who recently spent five days on a coral island wished they had stayed there longer. They were taking a badly damaged boat from the Virgin Islands to Miami to have it repaired. During the journey, their boat began to sink. They quickly loaded a small rubber dinghy with food, matches, and cans of beer and rowed for a few miles across the Caribbean until they arrived at a tiny coral island. There were hardly any trees on the island and there was no water, but this did not prove to be a problem. The men collected rainwater in the rubber dinghy. As they had brought a spear gun with them, they had plenty to eat. They caught lobster and fish every day,and, as one of them put it 'ate like kings'. When a passing tanker rescued them five days later, both men were genuinely sorry that they had to leave.

New words and expressions 生词和短语

desert island
荒岛

unrealistic
adj. 不真实

paradise
n. 天堂,乐士

wretched
adj. 可怜的,艰苦的

starve
v. 挨饿

element
n. 成分

opportunity
n. 机会

coral
n. 珊瑚

Virgin Islands
维尔京群岛

Miami
n. 迈阿密(美国最南的城市)

dinghy
n. 救生筏,小船

Caribbean
n. 加勒比海

spear gun
捕鱼枪

lobster
n. 龙虾

tanker
n. 油轮

genuinely
adv. 由衷地

Robinson Crusoe
鲁滨孙.克鲁索(小说《鲁滨孙漂流记》主人公)

参考译文

我们许多人对于荒岛生活有一种不切实际的想法。我们有时想象荒岛是阳光终日普照的天堂。在那里,生活简单又美好。成熟的水果从树上掉下来,人们根本无需劳动。另一种想法恰恰相反,认为荒岛生活很可怕,要么饿死,要么像鲁滨孙那样,天天盼船来,却总没见船影。也许,这两种都像都有可信之处。但很少有人能有机会去弄个究竟。
最近有两个人在一座珊瑚岛上呆了5天,他们真希望在那儿再多呆一些日子。他们驾着一条严重损坏的小船从维尔京群岛阿密修理。途中,船开始下沉,他们迅速把食物、火柴、罐装啤酒往一只救生筏上装。然后在加勒比海上划行了几英里,到了一座珊瑚岛上。岛上几乎没有一颗树,也没有淡水,但这不算什么问题。他们用像皮艇蓄积雨水。由于他们随身带了一支捕鱼枪,因此,吃饭不愁。他们天天捕捉龙虾和鱼,正如其中一位所说,吃得“像国王一样好”。5天后,一条油轮从那儿路过,搭救了他们。这二位不得不离开那个荒岛时,还真的感到遗憾呢!

New words and expression 生词和短语
desert island 荒岛
desert n.沙漠 vt.背弃,遗弃 dessert n.甜点

unrealistic adj.不真实

paradise n.天堂,乐士
-- A lot of people imagine the USA as their paradise.
Heaven n.天堂, 天国(也指死亡 -- go to heaven)

wretched adj.可怜的,艰苦的 = miserable adj.痛苦的, 悲惨的, 可怜
-- lead a wretched/miserable/terrible/dog’s life. 过着悲惨的生活。

starve v.挨饿(-- starve to death 饿死)
-- During the war, a large of people starved to death.
-- hungry to death 我饿得要死(即:我非常饿)

element n.成分

opportunity n.机会
golden opportunity 绝好的机会
-- Don’t miss any golden opportunities.
-- opportunity knocks only once 千载难逢的机会
chance 表机会时可以与opportunity互换(后面 of doing, 或to do)
-- I had the chance of visiting Paris. = I had the opportunity of visiting Paris.
-- He had no opportunity to see her.
chance表可能性时(= possibility), 则不可opportunity互换。
-- There is a chance that I will see him. 我有可能见到她。
-- The chances are that he will be elected the president. 他有可能当选总统。
-- The chances are that he will pass his examination next week.

coral n.珊瑚
Virgin Islands 维尔京群岛
Miami n.迈阿密(美国最南的城市)
Dinghy n.救生筏,小船
Caribbean n.加勒比海
spear gun 捕鱼枪
lobster n.龙虾
tanker n.油轮
genuinely adv.由衷地
-- He is genuinely thankful to me. 他由衷地地感谢我。
Genuine adj.真实的, 真正的, 诚恳的
Genuineness(n.)

Robinson Crusoe 鲁滨孙.克鲁索(小说《鲁滨孙漂流记》主人公)

Exceptional adj.例外的, 异常的
Ripe adj.熟的, 成熟的
Fruit n.水果, 果实, 果类, 成果
Opposite adj.相对的, 相反的, 对等的 n.相反的事物
Sink vi.沉下, (使)下沉
Prove vt.证实, 证实
Spear n.矛, 枪

Text 课文
What was exceptional about the two men's stay on the desert island?
Most of us have formed an unrealistic picture of life on a desert island.
form an unrealistic picture of sth 对…抱有不切实际的幻想
-- A large number of people have formed an unrealistic picture of the job.
Form(v.形成, 构成)= develop(vt.逐渐形成)
-- develop a habit = form a habit 养成一种习惯

We sometimes imagine a desert island to be a sort of paradise where the sun always shines.
imagine sth to be = imagine sth as
-- Some people imagine flying to be more dangerous than traveling by train.
-- A large number people imagine the USA as their paradise.

Life there is simple and good. Ripe fruit falls from the trees and you never have to work.
You never have to work = you needn’t work = you don’t need to work

The other side of the picture is quite the opposite. Life on a desert island is wretched.
quite the opposite 恰恰相反 / quite different

You either starve to death or live like Robinson Crusoe, Waiting for a boat which never comes.
Either you or I am going to the party. (谓语动词和最接近的主语保持一致)
Either come in or go out, don’t stand on the doorway.(门口, 门道)

Perhaps there is an element of truth in both these pictures, but few us have had the opportunity to find out.
an element of truth = a bit of truth
Optimistic(adj.乐观的) Pessimistic(adj.悲观的, 消极的)
Two men who recently spent five days on a coral island wished they had stayed there longer.
谓语动词wish之后的宾语从句中要使用虚拟语气
1>假如表达与现在情况相反, that从句中的动词要用过去时(be 动词要用were)。
-- I wish you could drive a car. = I am sorry you can’t drive a car.
所表达的意思是:你要是能开车就好了。(表达一种遗憾的心情)
2>假如表达与过去情况相反, that从句中的动词要用过去完成时。
-- I wish I hadn't spent so much money. = I am sorry I spend so much money.
-- I wish that you had written to him. = I am sorry you didn’t write to him.
3>假如表达与将来事实相反的情况或将来不可能实现的心愿, that从句中要使用would,
could 等情态动词的过去时形式。
-- I wish that I could go abroad tomorrow.
-- I wish that you could come here tomorrow.
4>if only要比wish更富有戏剧性和感情色彩
-- If only the weather would change. = I wish the weather would change.
要是天气转晴该有多好啊!
-- We wish that we knew where to look for him. = If only we knew where to look for him.
要是我们知道到哪去找他该有多好啊!
-- If only we could have gone to the party. 要是我们昨天能参加那个聚会该有多好啊!
-- If only you hadn't said that. 你要是不说那句话多好啊!
-- If only you would come here tomorrow. 你明天要是能来该有多好啊!

They were taking a badly damaged boat from the Virgin Islands to Miami to have it repaired During the journey, their boat began to sink.
have it repaired (have sth done)

They quickly loaded a small rubber dinghy with food, matches, and cans of beer and rowed for a few miles across the Caribbean until they arrived at a tiny coral island.
load…with sth 把某物装载到…上
-- The workers are loading the truck with goods.
Unload(vi.卸货, 退子弹 vt.倾销, 卸)

There were hardly any trees on the island and there was no water, but this did not prove to be a problem.
hardly any = very little/few (hardly adv.刚刚, 几乎不)
-- Hardly anybody likes him because he is so rude. 几乎没人喜欢他, 因为他非常粗鲁。
-- You hardly eat anything, what's wrong? 你几乎什么都没吃, 怎么了?
prove to be = turn out to be

The men collected rainwater in the rubber dinghy.
As they had brought a spear gun with them, they had plenty to eat.


They caught lobster and fish every day, and, as one of them put it 'ate like kings'.
Put = express
When a passing tanker rescued them five days later, both men were genuinely sorry that they had to leave.
Both men were genuinely sorry that they had to leave.
= If only we could have stayed on the desert island a little bit longer.

Special difficulties 难点

wish, if only
1> had bought it(显然说明的是过去的情况)
-- silly adj.愚蠢的, 无聊的
2> couldn't/wouldn't make such noise.
3> were here (强调:他在这儿, 该有多好)
 说明与现在情况相反的概念, 无论什么人称, be动词应该使用were.
4> could play the piano as well...
5> had studied hard then.
6> hadn't mentioned it to him.

Multiple choice questions 多项选择
1... C 要么是过度乐观, 要么是过度的悲观
unreal adj.不真实的, 虚幻的 present vt.介绍, 赠予, 呈现
wretchedness n.可怜, 悲惨 idleness n.闲散, 懒惰, 赋闲无事
unduly adv.不适当地, 过度地, 不正当地
optimistic adj.乐观的 pessimistic adj.悲观的, 厌世的
2... D essential(adj.必需的, 基本的)= very necessary equipment n.装备, 设备
3... A fend for oneself 独立的照料某人
4... B think of sb/sth as… 把某人、某事看作为...
5... D few of us 我们当中没有几个人
6... C after(介词)其后要和名词、动名词搭配
-- after(连词)引导时间状语从句, 表示动作在前。(A答案变为they had rowed就对了)
7... B Refrigerators are useful.= A refrigerator is useful.
Scarce adj.缺乏的, 不足的, 稀有的, 不充足的
8... C 为做过的事情后悔:regret doing be sorry that是否可以表示后悔去做某事?
9... B
inhabited(adj.有人居住的) uninhabited(adj.无人居住的)
unpopular adj.不流行的, 不受欢迎的
barren adj.不生育的, 不孕的, 贫瘠的 n.荒地
10... D 完全不同的 entirely different naturally adv.自然地, 天然地
11... D 觉得、发现某人或某事怎么样:find sb/sth to be
-- They found the trip to be very exciting. 某人或某事被发现怎么样, 常用被动语态。
-- The car is found to be beautiful.
Demonstrate v.论证,表明,举行,示威
12... A put it = express

转贴于:24EN.COM

考试推荐

CET

TEM

BEC

IELTS

精华推荐

听力

视频

OMG

美文