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First listen and then answer the question.
听录音,然后回答以下问题。
Why is fishing the writer's favourite sport?

Fishing is my favourite sport. I often fish for hours without catching anything. But this does not worry me. Some fishermen are unlucky. Instead of catching fish, they catch old boots and rubbish. I am even less lucky. I never catch anything -- not even old boots. After having spent whole mornings on the river, I always go home with an empty bag. 'You must give up fishing!' my friends say. 'It's a waste of time.' But they don't realize one important thing. I'm not really interested in fishing. I am only interested in sitting in a boat and doing nothing at all!

New words and expressions 生词和短语

catch v. 抓到
fisherman n. 钓鱼人,渔民
boot n. 靴子
waste n. 浪费
realize v. 意识到

参考译文

钓鱼是我非凡喜爱的一项运动。我经常一钓数小时却一无所获,但我从不为此烦恼。有些垂钓者就是不走运,他们往往鱼钓不到,却钓上来些旧靴子和垃圾。我的运气甚至还不及他们。我什么东西也未钓到过 -- 就连旧靴子也没有。我总是在河上呆上整整一上午,然后空着袋子回家。“你可别再钓鱼了!”我的朋友们说,“这是浪费时间。”然而他们没有熟悉到重要的一点,我并不是真的对钓鱼有爱好,我感爱好的只是独坐孤舟,无所事事!

New words and expressions】(5)
catch v. 抓到
fisherman n. 钓鱼人,渔民
boot n. 靴子
waste n. 浪费
realize v. 意识到

★catch v. 抓到
① vt. 捉住,逮住,捕捉
The police have caught the thief.
Have you caught any fish today?
② vt. 抓住,握住
Can you catch the ball?
③ vt. 及时赶到,赶上
catch a bus 赶车
I want to catch the eight nineteen (train) to London.
④ catch的一些固定用法
catch a cold 染上感冒
catch one's breath 摒住呼吸
catch sight of = see 看见
catch fire 着火
catch one's eyes 吸引某人注重力

★boot n. 靴子
a pair of boots 一双靴子

★waste n. 浪费
① n. 浪费
a waste of… 浪费……
It is a waste of time/money/food/water.
② vt. 浪费
You are wasting time.

★realize v. 意识到
① v. 熟悉,知道,明白,意识到
I went into the wrong room without realizing it. 我无意中走错了房间。
I realized that I was wrong.
② v. 实现(希望、目标、愿望等)
realize one's dream 实现某人的梦想
She has realized her hope to be an actress.
③ 使变为事实,使发生(常用于被动语态)
This plan can never be realized.

Text
Fishing is my favourite sport. I often fish for hours without catching anything. But this does not worry me. Some fishermen are unlucky. Instead of catching fish, they catch old boots and rubbish. I am even less lucky. I never catch anything -- not even old boots. After having spent whole mornings on the river, I always go home with an empty bag. 'You must give up fishing!' my friends say. 'It's a waste of time.' But they don't realize one important thing. I'm not really interested in fishing. I am only interested in sitting in a boat and doing nothing at all!

参考译文
钓鱼是我非凡喜爱的一项运动. 我经常一钓数小时却一无所获, 但我从不为此烦恼. 有些垂钓者就是不走运, 他们往往鱼钓不到, 却钓上来些旧靴子和垃圾. 我的运气甚至还不及他们. 我什么东西也未钓到过 -- 就连旧靴子也没有. 我总是在河上呆上整整一上午, 然后空着袋子回家. “你可别再钓鱼了!” 我的朋友们说, “这是浪费时间. “然而他们没有熟悉到重要的一点, 我并不是真的对钓鱼有爱好, 我感爱好的只是独坐孤舟, 无所事事!

课文讲解
1、Fishing is my favourite sport.
fishing是一个动名词,由动词 ing组成,动名词可以作主语或宾语,如eating,reading等等
★fish
① n. 鱼(不可数名词),鱼的种类(可数)
There are a lot of fishes(表示种类)in the sea.
② v. 钓鱼, 捕鱼

2、I often fish for hours without catching anything.
for 时间 表示一段时间
for hours=for some hours 数小时
without catching anything作为状语而出现, 表示结果状语。without是介词,后面一定要加宾语, 动名词catching作without的宾语,without 后面的动作是主语来做的。动名词也有动词的特性,可以有自己的宾语。
without通常表示“缺乏、没有”;当它位于动名词前时,表示“不曾、不”
I can’t repair the car without your help.
They tried to leave the restaurant without paying.
He went out without saying any words.

3、But this does not worry me.
★worry
① v. 烦恼,担扰
worry sb. 某人为……烦恼,担扰(作动词一定要加人作宾语, 翻译时从后往前翻,宾语担心)
The house worried me. / My daughter worried me.
① adj. 担心
be worried about ……为……担心
I was never worried about this. = This does not worry me.

4、Instead of catching fish, they catch old boots and rubbish.
instead of… 我原预备做……但是后来做了……(instead of 后面的词一定是没有做的, 可以放在主句后面)
I went to school instead of staying at home. 我没呆在家里而是去上学了
I bought books instead of buying dresses.
without强调没有做某件事, instead of强调这件事没做成而做成了另外一件事
副词instead“作为替代,反而”,单独使用时一般出现在句尾
If you don’t want a holiday in England, why don’t you go to Australia instead?

5、I am even less lucky.
less是little的比较级,意为“不及,不如,更少”
I spend less time on English than on French.
less 原形
A is less…than B A不如B

6、After having spent whole mornings on the river, I always go home with an empty bag.
spend 时间 在某地 在某地度过……时间
after <conj.> 从句 在……之后
after <prep.> 名词/动词的ing形式 ……之后(从句主语必须是主句的主语时两种形式可互换)
After I go to school, I learned a lot of knowledge. (用一般式表示一个事实, 不用 “went to” )
After going to school, I learned a lot of knowledge.
介词after的宾语的动名词having spent所表示的动作发生在谓语动词go之前,所以动名词用完成形式。

with an empty bag 注重连读
with sth. 有……的,持有……的,随身带着……(状语)
Who’s the man with the beard?
without sth. 没带……
I always go home without angthing. 什么都没带回家

7、'You must give up fishing!' my friends say.
give up doing sth. = stop doing sth. 放弃做某事
Give up smoking.

8、I'm not really interested in fishing.
be intersted in sth. / doing sth. 对……感爱好
I’m interested in collecting stamps.

Key structures】 
动名词
动词 ing作名词时称为动名词,它仍有动词的属性,可以接宾语,动名词可以代替名词做主语和宾语或介词宾语。
1、动名词作主语
Watching television is my favourite pastime. 看电视是我最喜爱的业余爱好.
2、动名词作宾语
I am very keen on cycling. 我非常喜欢骑自行车.
He is capable of doing anything. 他能胜任任何事情.
3、利用介词/副词 动名词可以把两个句子连成一个句子
apologize for (not) doing sth. 为什么事情而道歉
I must apologize. I interrupted you. 我得表示道歉. 我打断了你的说话(工作).
I must apologize for interrupting you.
由于打断了你的说话(工作), 我得表示道歉. (for interrupting强调interrupt这个动词)
I must apologize for having interrupted you.(for having interrupted强调interrupt这个动词先发生,强调时间 (having done))
以上两者为时间概念不同,意思相同
congratulate (sb.) on doing sth. 因……祝贺(某人)
He congratulated me. I won the competition. 他向我道贺. 我赢得了这次比赛.
He congratulated me on winning the competition. 在我赢得这次比赛之际, 他向我祝贺.
He congratulated me on having won the competition.
thank you for listening/attending
动名词用表示完成时的having 过去分词结构往往强调动名词的动词发生在前面。
4、跟动名词的短语
be keen on doing sth.(热忠于……),be fond of,be interested in,enjoy doing sth.(喜欢做某事),congratulations on doing sth. (祝贺……)
be afraid of
be up to=be capable of (capable adj.有能力的, 能干的, 有可能的, 可以...的)
可以带动名词的介词有:before,after,without,instead of等
I can’t watch TV without falling asleep. 我看电视时必定会睡着。
5、动名词的否定式是在它前面直接加not。

Exercises C(用括号中的词来连接下列句子, 如需要可对原句进行必要的改动)
2.She bought a pair of boots. (instead of) She did not get a pair of shoes.
She bought a pair of boots instead of getting a pair of shoes.
=She bought a pair of boots instead of a pair of shoes.

4.(After) She heard the news. She fainted.
after 从句; after prep. doing
After hearing the news,she fainted. (faint vi.昏晕, 昏倒)

6.(On) I saw the plane coming towards me. I dashed for cover
on (prep.) doing 一……就……(两个动作必须是同一个人)
On seeing the plane coming towards me, I dashed for cover. 冲进掩护体
as soon as 一……就……
the moment 从句 一……就……
以上两个主语不一定是同一个人

Special Difficulties
Interested and Interesting. Excited and Exciting.
大多数现在分词和许多过去分词都可以作形容词用。以-ed结尾的形容词常与人称主语连用,表示人的情绪、状态、喜好等;以-ing结尾的形容词则常与非人称主语连用,表明事物的某种特征、性质等。
Fishing is not interesting. I am not really interested in fishing.
钓鱼没意思. 我对钓鱼并不真正感爱好.
The match was very exciting. The crowd got very excited.
比赛非常激动人心. 观众非常激动.
be interested in sth./doing sth. 对……感爱好
I’m interested in collecting stamps.

It's and Its
it’s = it is
It's (= it is) cold today. It's raining too. 今天天气冷. 而且正在下雨.
its 它的
This engine has lost its power. 这台发动机已失去了动力.

Realize and Understand
realize vt. 意识到……
He didn't realize that he had made a mistake. 他没有意识到他犯了一个错误.
understand vt. 明白……
I don't understand English. 我不懂英语.

Exercises(选择正确的词填空)
3.There was some (excited) (exciting) news on the radio.
exciting news
excited  adj. 感动的 ;exciting  adj. 令人激动的
假如–ed,-ing 做形容词即作定语时,和被修饰词有关
on the radio 在广播上
I got news on the radio/on TV/on the telephone/on the line(在线,在电话里).

4.He is not an (interesting) (interested) person.
an interesting person
interested adj. 感爱好的 ;interesting adj. 有趣的

5.He is an explorer. He leads an (excited) (exciting) life.
an exciting life
explorer n.探险家, 探测者, 探测器
lead a life 过着……日子
lead a happy life
He leads a poor life.

【Multiple choice questions】
2 The writer enjoys ___c___ .
a.catching fish b.fishing c.doing nothing d.swimming in the river
enjoying doing sth
I enjoy reading books.
enjoy n.
I enjoy books.

6 His bag is empty. He has ___b___ .
a.a empty bag b.an empty bag c.empty bag d.one empty bag
an 指一个, 强调名词;one 一个, 强调 one,强调数量
I sent a letter. (强调信)
I wrote one word. (强调一个字)
His bag is empty. 强调包是空的,而不是强调一个空包。

7 I am only interested in doing nothing. That's ___c___ I'm interested in.
a.only b.the one c.all d.the only
(that's/the) only 一般加名词
that 从句, 从句往往以非凡疑问词引导
that's why…;that's when…
that's all 那就是一切 (That’s all said.)
That's all(I heard).
That's all I can remember.
the one 指东西, 不指事情

11 He always goes ___d___ with an empty bag.
a.to home b.to house c.to the house d.home
go home 习惯用法, 最佳答案
go to the house 语法正确
没有规则与语法相提并论时,语法为大;语法与习惯用法相提并论时,习惯用法为大。
Where are you going? (更习惯这么说)
Where are you going to?