听录音,然后回答以下问题:
Did the detectives save the diamonds? 新概念英语mp3同步音频【英音版】 英音版MP3下载 LRC字幕下载 (记得要将它们放同一目录中才能同步播放) [荐]


新概念英语mp3同步音频【美音版】 美音版MP3下载 LRC字幕下载 [新版 高清楚]

First listen and then answer the question.
听录音,然后回答以下问题。
Did the detectives save the diamonds?

The plane was late and detectives were waiting at the airport all morning. They were expecting a valuable parcel of diamonds from South Africa. A few hours earlier, someone had told the police that thieves would try to steal the diamonds. When the plane arrived, some of the detectives were waiting inside the main building while others were waiting on the airfield. Two men took the parcel off the plane and carried it into the Customs House. While two detectives were keeping guard at the door, two others opened the parcel. To their surprise, the precious parcel was full of stones and sand!

New words and expressions 生词和短语

detective n. 侦察
airport n. 机场
expect v. 期待,等待
valuable adj. 珍贵的
parcel n. 包裹
diamond n. 钻石
steal v. 偷
main adj. 主要的
airfield n. 飞机起落的场地
guard n. 警戒,守卫
precious adj. 珍贵的
stone n. 石子
sand n. 沙子

参考译文

飞机误点了,侦察们在机场等了整整一上午。他们正期待从南非来的一个装着钻石的珍贵包裹。数小时以前,有人向警方报告,说有人企图偷走这些钻石。当飞机到达时,一些侦察等候在主楼内,另一些侦察则守候在停机坪上。有两个人把包裹拿下飞机,进了海关。这时两个侦察把住门口,另外两个侦察打开了包裹。令他们吃惊的是,那珍贵的包裹里面装的全是石头和沙子!

New words and expressions】(13)
detective n. 侦察
airport n. 机场
expect v. 期待,等待
valuable adj. 珍贵的
parcel n. 包裹
diamond n. 钻石
steal v. 偷
main adj. 主要的
airfield n. 飞机起落的场地
guard n. 警戒,守卫
precious adj. 珍贵的
stone n. 石子
sand n. 沙子

★detective n. 侦察
detective story 侦察小说

★airport n. 机场
★airfield n. 飞机起落的场地
port 港口;airport 航空港
at the airport 在机场
field 田野;airfield 停机坪
on the airfield 在停机坪上
★expect v. 期待, 等待
① vt.&vi. 预计,预料
Jim has failed in mathematics as his teacher expected.
正如他老师所预料的那样,吉姆数学考试没及格。
② vt. 等待,期待,盼望(心理上的等待)
They are expecting guests tonight. 今晚有人要去他们那里作客。
expect所表示的等待一般暗含着根据某些信息或规律而作出相应反应的意思,而wait for主要接续“等待”这个动作本身。
expect sth.
I expect a letter from Jimmy.
expect sb.to do sth. 期待某人做某事
I expect you to write back.
I expect my mother to come back.
wait for sth./sb. 动作上的等待
I wait for my mother.
③ vt. 认为,猜想(一般用于口语)
I expect so./I think so. 我希望如此[口语]
I expect you’ve heard the news. 我想你已经听到这个消息了。

★valuable adj. 珍贵的
★precious adj. 珍贵的
value n.&v. 价值;valuable adj.有价值的
sth.is valuable/sth.is precious
precious adj. 珍贵的(带有一定的感情色彩)
precious photo 珍贵的照片
-less 表否定;
priceless adj. 没有价格的, 无价的
valueless adj. 没有价值, 不足道的
worthless adj. 无价值的

★diamond n. 钻石
diamond ring 钻石戒指
precious stone 宝石;crystal 水晶;jade 玉

★steal(stole,stolen) v. 偷
① vt.&vi. 偷盗,行窃
英语中“偷”用steal和rob来表达,宾语是物,用steal;宾语是人,用rob;跟地点相连,也用rob
steal sth. 偷(某物)
My wallet was stolen.
John never steals. 约翰从不偷东西。
rob sb. 抢(某人)
I was robbed.
rob the bank
② vt. 巧妙地占用,偷偷地弄到手
He has stolen away Mary’s heart. 他已赢得玛丽的芳心。
③ vi. 偷偷地行动,静静靠近
He stole into the room. 他静静地进了房间。

★main adj. 主要的
main building;main street;main sentence;main idea
main不能与人连用

★guard n. 警戒, 守卫
life guard 救生员
body guard 保镖
keep guard 守望,警戒
They kept a close guard over the thieves. 他们对小偷们严加看管。
stand guard 站岗,放哨

Text
The plane was late and detectives were waiting at the airport all morning. They were expecting a valuable parcel of diamonds from South Africa. A few hours earlier, someone had told the police that thieves would try to steal the diamonds. When the plane arrived, some of the detectives were waiting inside the main building while others were waiting on the airfield. Two men took the parcel off the plane and carried it into the Customs House. While two detectives were keeping guard at the door, two others opened the parcel. To their surprise, the precious parcel was full of stones and sand!

参考译文
飞机误点了, 侦察们在机场等了整整一上午. 他们正期待从南非来的一个装着钻石的珍贵包裹. 数小时以前, 有人向警方报告, 说有人企图偷走这些钻石. 当飞机到达时, 一些侦察等候在主楼内, 另一些侦察则守候在停机坪上. 有两个人把包裹拿下飞机, 进了海关. 这时两个侦察把住门口, 另外两个侦察打开了包裹. 令他们吃惊的是, 那珍贵的包裹里面装的全是石头和沙子!

课文讲解
1、The plane was late and detectives were waiting at the airport all morning.
all一般直接加表示时间的单数名词构成副词短语,如:all day,all night,all week,all winter,all year等。但不说all hour。
whole在表达同样的意思时一般要加冠词或数词,如a whole day/year,two whole weeks。
all morning=all the morning

The plane was late 飞机晚(点)了
The bus was late./The train was late.
detectives 没有强调一些侦察或者那些侦察, 强调侦察这种人,笼统感念, 可不加some, the

2、They were expecting a valuable parcel of diamonds from South Africa.
a valuable parcel of diamonds
a cup of tea 强调的是茶
South Africa 南非

3、A few hours earlier, someone had told the police that thieves would try to steal the diamonds.
a few hours earlier 几个小时以前
= a few hours before/a few hours ago
would do 过去将来时,间接方式, 转述, 站在过去看未来

4、When the plane arrived, some of the detectives were waiting inside the main building while others were waiting on the airfield.
代词others经常和some连用,表示“有些(人)……,也有些(人)……”或“有的……,其余的……”
one…the other… 一个……另一个……
some…others… 一些……另一些……
Some students are very hard-working, others are not.
others=other 名词复数

5、Two men took the parcel off the plane and carried it into the Customs House.
take sth. off…=take sth. away from…
and carried it into…carried 表示看得很重
Customs House 海关

6、While two detectives were keeping guard at the door, two others opened the parcel. To their surprise, the precious parcel was full of stones and sand!
…were keeping guard at the door, two others opened the parcel.
表面上是分工, 两个动作同时发生, 不是同时开始同时结束, 延续时间不一致, 长一点时间的动作用进行时态, 短时间的动作用过去时.
When someone knocked at the door, I was having dinner.
keep guard 守卫
They kept a close guard over the thieves.
at the door 在门边(固定搭配)
two others=two other detectives

to one's surprise,让某人惊奇的是
To my surprise, the teacher was late.
To one’s 表达人情绪的名词
to one's joy
To my joy, my mother came here yesterday.
to one's excitement
To our excitement, our team wins.

be full of ...装满
My bag was full of books.
The cup is full of water.

Key structures】 
过去进行时
过去进行时的构成:be的过去式 现在分词
过去进行时和一般过去时经常同在一个句子里使用。过去进行时表示过去正在进行的动作或情况,一般过去时则表示比较短暂的动作或事件。正在进行中的动作或情况往往由连词when,while,as,just as等引导。
when,while 当……时候(强调动作同时发生)
while 从句, 动词一定是延续性动词
when 延续性动词/瞬间动词
while能用when代替,但是when却不一定能用while代替。while通常只引导持续时间较长的动作,并且主句和从句可以同时用过去进行时,而when和as一般不这么用。
John was watching TV while his wife was talking with a neighbour over the phone.
Just as I was leaving the house, you came in.
when也可以引导比较短暂的动作,while和as则一般不行。
We were having supper when the lights went out.
过去进行时往往与表示一段时间的状语连用,如all morning,all night,all day,all evening,the whole week等,表示这段时间一直在干什么。
What were you doing all evening? I couldn’t find you anywhere.

过去动作同时发生的时态
① 过去两个动作同时发生, 习惯上一个用一般过去时, 另一个用过去进行时;动作长用过去进行时, 动作短用一般过去时; 分工的情况, 动作的开始时间和结束时间几乎相同, 均用过去进行时;
I was listening to the radio, my sister was dancing.
When my mother was doing the housework, my father was watching TV.
② 两个动作在同时段进行, 在不同时间结束, 先发生的动作未结束, 另一个动作发生, 先发生的动作用进行时态, 另一个动作用过去时.
When I was opening the door, the telephone rang.先开门
When the telephone was ringing, I opened the door. 电话先响
③ 瞬间动词(如:arrive)没有进行时态, 所以两个动作同时发生, 延续性动词用进行时态, 瞬间动词使用过去时态.
When he arrived, I was having dinner.
I am arriving 进行时态表示将要

Exercises D
1 As my father ______ (leave) the house, the postman ______ (arrive).
was leaving;arrived(两个瞬间动词同时发生可能性很小, 应具体分析, 故用进行时态表将来)
5 While mother ______ (prepare) lunch, Janet ______ (set) the table.
set the table摆桌子
was preparing;set

Special Difficulties
短语动词中的小品词
许多动词加上介词或副词后就会改变词义,这些介词和副词通常被称为小品词。它们没有词形的变化。有些小品词既可以作介词又可以作副词。判定一个小品词是副词还是介词要看小品词有没有带宾语。有宾语的是介词,没有宾语的是副词,介词的位置相对固定,不能变动。
① vi.&vt. prep./adv. 宾语(n.)
She is walking up the hill.
② vt. 宾语(n./pron.) adv.
take off the coat =take the coat off =take it off
put on your shoes =put your shoes on =put them on
I always take money with me.我身上总带些钱
Exercise
11 They have pulled down the old building.
pull down… (pull<vt.>;down<adv.>)
pull one's leg 开玩笑
You are pulling my leg.你开我玩笑
12 Make up your mind.
make up…--->make up one's mind 习惯用法不换,语法上可换
13 He asked for permission to leave.
ask for…-->ask (sb.) for sth. 其实是省略sb.故不可换

【Multiple choice questions】
5 Someone had told the police that thieves would try to steal the diamonds. This happened ___a___ the plane arrived.
a. before b. after c. when d. as soon as
两个动作先后发生(一个动作结束, 另一个动作才发生)用过去完成时
before 在……之前;as soon as 一……就

9 The parcel was valuable. It was ___c___ .
a. worth b. worthy c. precious d. value
valuable= precious
value n. 价值
worth v. 值得……,后面一定要加词   
something is worth…
The book is worth reading. (动名词)
The book is worth three dollars.
worthy adj. 有价值的
be worthy of… 值得……
This book is worthy of being read [to be read]. 这本书值得一读.
acts worthy of punishment 应该受处分的行为
worthless adj. 无价值的
something is worthless(后面不加任何东西)

10 The thieves wanted to ___b___ the diamonds.
a. rob b. steal c. take from d. take to
加something做宾语的一定是steal