听录音,然后回答以下问题:
Who paid for Tony's dinner? 新概念英语mp3同步音频【英音版】 英音版MP3下载 LRC字幕下载 (记得要将它们放同一目录中才能同步播放) [荐]


新概念英语mp3同步音频【美音版】 美音版MP3下载 LRC字幕下载 [新版 高清楚]

First listen and then answer the question.
听录音,然后回答以下问题。
Who paid for Tony's dinner?

I was having dinner at a restaurant when Tony Steele came in. Tony worked in a lawyer's office years ago, but he is now working at a bank. He gets a good salary, but he always borrows money from his friends and never pays it back. Tony saw me and came and sat at the same table. He has never borrowed money from me. While he was eating, I asked him to lend me twenty pounds. To my surprise, he gave me the money immediately. 'I have never borrowed any money from you,' Tony said, 'so now you can pay for my dinner!'

New words and expressions 生词和短语

turn n. 行为,举止
deserve v. 应得到,值得
lawyer n. 律师
bank n. 银行
salary n. 工资
immediately adv. 马上

参考译文

我正在一家饭馆吃饭,托尼.斯蒂尔走了进来。托尼曾在一家律师事务所工作,而现在正在一家银行上班。他的薪水很高,但他却总是向朋友借钱,并且从来不还。托尼看见了我,就走过来和我坐到一张桌子前。他从未向我借过钱。当他吃饭时,我提出向他借20英镑。令我惊异的是,他马上把钱给了我。“我还从未向你借过钱,”托尼说道,“所以现在你可以替我付饭钱了!”

New words and expressions】(6)
turn n. 行为,举止
deserve v. 应得到,值得
lawyer n. 律师
bank n. 银行
salary n. 工资
immediately adv. 马上

★turn n. 行为, 举止
turn n.(帮助或损害他人的)举动、行为
Yesterday George did me a good/an ill turn. 乔治昨天做了一件对我有利/不利的事。
He is always ready to do a turn for others. 他总是乐于为他人做好事。
behavior n. 行为, 举止
Pay attention to your behavior.


★deserve v. 应得到, 值得
① deserve n. 应该得到……,值得……,应得(奖赏、惩罚等)
He deserves praise. 他应该得到表扬
Yor deserve the best. 你应该得到最好的
He deserved a promotion. (promotion n. 提升)
② deserve sth./to do sth. 应该……
She deserved to be punished.
Good work deserves good pay. 多劳多得
His words deserve attention. 他的话值得注重。

★lawyer n. 律师
lawyer's office 律师事务所

★bank n. 银行
rob the bank 抢银行

★salary n. 工资
pay n. 工资(salary wage,通用)
salary n. 薪金,薪水(月薪, 年薪,通常指职员、脑力劳动者(如律师、教师、医生等)有固定工作或治理阶层的收入,数额比较固定,一般按月支付)
My salary is paid on the 28th of the month.
wage n. 工资,工钱(按小时, 周计算的,通常指技工或一般体力劳动者,不稳定的工作人的收入,按周或天支付。一般用复数形式wages)。
When I worked as a waiter, the wages were low, but the tips were good.
我当侍者时工资不高,但小费可观。
bonus n. 奖金, 分红
collet v. 搜集, 领取  
collect salary/wage 领工资

★immediately adv. 马上
right away =at once =immediately 马上, 马上
right now 现在

Text
I was having dinner at a restaurant when Tony Steele came in. Tony worked in a lawyer's office years ago, but he is now working at a bank. He gets a good salary, but he always borrows money from his friends and never pays it back. Tony saw me and came and sat at the same table. He has never borrowed money from me. While he was eating, I asked him to lend me twenty pounds. To my surprise, he gave me the money immediately. 'I have never borrowed any money from you,' Tony said, 'so now you can pay for my dinner!'

参考译文
我正在一家饭馆吃饭, 托尼.斯蒂尔走了进来. 托尼曾在一家律师事务所工作, 而现在正在一家银行上班. 他的薪水很高, 但他却总是向朋友借钱, 并且从来不还. 托尼看见了我, 就走过来和我坐到一张桌子前. 他从未向我借过钱. 当他吃饭时, 我提出向他借20英镑. 令我惊异的是, 他马上把钱给了我. “我还从未向你借过钱, “托尼说道, “所以现在你可以替我付饭钱了!”
课文讲解
1、One good turn deserves another 礼尚往来, 善有善报
one bad turn deserves another 恶有恶报

2、Tony worked in a lawyer's office years ago, but he is now working at a bank.
work for… 强调工作
work in… 强调in后面的地点
working at a bank
(some/several) years ago 名词-s,前面省略了some

3、He gets a good salary, but he always borrows money from his friends and never pays it back.
The teachers in the New Oriental school can get a good salary.
borrow sth. from sb. 从……借……
never=not 前面不需要加助动词
pay在这里的意思是“偿还(债务等)”,还可解释为“付,支付(价款、账单)等”。Pay既是及物动词也可以是不及物动词。
How much did you pay for that dress?
I paid the bill.
pay back 还钱
never pays it back 从不归还

4、Tony saw me and came and sat at the same table.
and连接三个并列的动词
at the same table 坐在同一张桌子旁边
at table 吃饭
at the table 坐在桌子旁边
Would you like to join us?

5、'I have never borrowed any money from you,' Tony said, 'so now you can pay for my dinner!'
pay for 为……而付钱
I have paid for you a dinner.
I have paid 20 dollars for the book.
ask (sb.) for sth. 问……要……
It's my treat. 我请客
This time is your treat. Next time is my turn.
Let's go dutch. AA制

Key structures】 
复习动词时态:
The Taj Mahal ______ (build) in the seventeenth century for the emperor Shah Jehan. A few years after he ______ (become) ruler, his wife, Mumtaz-i-Mahal, ______ (die). The Taj Mahal ______ (build) in her honour. Experts ______ (call) in from many parts of the world to construct the domes and to decorate the walls. The Taj Mahal which ______ (begin) in 1632 and ______ (complete) in 1654 ______ (cost) a fortune. Up to the present day, it ______ (visit) by millions of people.
The Taj Mahal 泰姬陵
in one's honour 为了纪念某人
up to the present day=up to now
was built;became;died;was built;were called (call in:召集);was begun;was completed;costhas been visited

Special Difficulties
动词 名词/代词 带to的不定式
某些动词之后的带to的不定式之前可以有一个名词或代词。有些动词后的名词/代词可有可无,但有和没有经常影响影响整个句子的意义。
I asked him to lend me twenty pounds.
I want to speak to John.
I want you to speak to John.
Would you like to do sth.?
I’d like sb. to do sth.
I’d like to do sth.
还有一些动词后面用不定式作宾语时,其后通常必须有一名词或代词。这类动词有allow,advise,help,teach,tell,request等,这类动词不但可用于主动语态,也可用于被动语态:
We were not allowed to see the picture.
hope一定不能说hope sb. to do sth.,正确用法是hope to do (希望自己)或hope that(希望别人)

Multiple choice questions
4 Tony is working at a bank ___a___ .
a. at the moment b. a year ago c. since last year d. for a year
at the moment用现在进行时
since( 点时间) 自从……,用现在完成时
since yesterday
for( 段时间) 一段……,用现在完成时
for three hours;for a day;for three days
since three days ago 用一般过去时

8 He gets a good salary. His salary is very ___a___ .
a. good b. well c. fine d. beautiful
good salary 不错的薪水
well表示好的时候一般用作副词
fine用来形容天气好, 质量好
beautiful 漂亮,漂亮的

10 Tony must pay the money back. He must ___c___ .
a. pay it again b. pay it c. repay it d. pay it once more
pay back 还钱;pay something 付钱;pay again 再次付钱;pay it 付钱
once more=again
repay it =pay back

11 There aren't enough chairs here for us all. Please bring ___b___ one.
a.other b.another c.extra d.a different
one在这里是代词,指代上文的名词,指代单数可数名词,可数名词单数前一定要加’a/an’