新概念英语第二册课堂笔记 第五十二课
 
lesson 52

temporarily adv 暂时地
inch n 英寸(度量单位)
space n 空间
actually adv 实际上

text

We have just moved into a new house and
I have been working hard all morning. I
have ten trying to get my new room in
order. This has not been easy because I
own over a thousand books. To make
matters worse, the room is rather small,
so I have temporarily put my books on
the floor. At the moment, they cover every
inch of floor space and I actually have
to walk on them to get in or out of the
room. A short while ago, my sister helped
me to carry one of my old bookcases up
the stairs. She went into my room and
got a big surprise when she saw all those
books on the floor. 'This is the prettiest
carpet I have ever seen,' she said. She
gazed at it for some time then added, 'You don't need bookcases at all. You can
sit here in your spare time and read the carpet!'

有just就是完成时
现在完成进行时-动作有延续
现在完成时:1、在漫长地时间段,过去发生的,还一定要对现在产生影响
2、在过去发生的动作,一直延续到现在
I have been working hard all morning(还在继续)
get my new room in order
in order :有秩序,有次序
get sth in order 使...有秩序
to make matters worse-插入语,放开头,“更糟糕的是”
rather相当的
at the moment:(=now)现在
every inch:每一英寸(夸张)
help sb (to)do sth:帮某人做某事
help sb with sth
he help me to learn english
he help me with my english
with your help:在你的帮助下
with your help i made great progress
i have ever seen:做定语从句出现,是最高级的标志
gazed at:对...向往,羡慕
not at all起强调作用

key structures
i have read the book书已看完
i have been reading the book还没看完,还要继续
i have read 'Oliver Twist' five times
跟次数连用的,一定只能用完成时

语法精髓

1、you should go to bed.you have been watching/have watched TV for 5 hours
2、i_____having been(writing)letters since breakfast
3、i (have written)3 letters since breakfast
4、sorry,but Mr.Smith has left for Beijing
leave瞬间动词
1、和现在完成进行时连用的,一定不能是次数
2、和现在完成进行时连用的动词,一定不能时短暂动词
5、i have been looking for him everywhere,where can he be?

special difficulties
have been doing
强调动作有可能继续发生
不能是短暂动词,次数不能连用

形容词-做表语,定语
副词-修饰动词,形容词,副词词性本身
beautiful--beautifully
不是所有的形容词都可以加ly(asleep)
不是所有的副词都一定以ly结尾(late)
不是所有的加ly的都是副词

有些词加了ly后,反而意思会改变
有些词的形容词和副词同行
late(adj,adv)迟 lately:近来
hard努力地(=difficult)困难地 hardly几乎不
high:(adj)高的 high(adv)高度地 highly:高度地
deep:深的(adj)(adv) deeply:深度地
near:在旁边的 nearly:几乎,将近
keep order:保持秩序
动词+宾语+形容词--做宾补
get,keep,make,find

else一定放在不定代词和疑问代词后面anything else、anybody else
different--形容词,加副词或名词做宾语
other-形容词
the other--代词
otherwise-连词,“否则',副词(=differently)
hurry up,otherwise you will miss train